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List of masculine Latin nouns of the 1st Declension

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List of masculine Latin nouns of the 1st Declension

This is a list of masculine Latin nouns of the First Declension. Such nouns were a rather small percentage of the declension, and often were proper names. Most masculine common nouns of this group, though by no means all, carried a male association in ancient times. Other nouns in this declension were feminine; there were no neuters. The gender of (particularly) a common noun was and remains a grammatical phenomenon, technically independent of the actual sex of the thing described.

Ordinary nouns of the First Declension most often end in -a in the nominative, and -ae in the genitive. Many exceptions occur when the noun derives from Greek (e.g., nominative-genitive -e, -es or -ae; -es, -ae; and -as, -ae). Included for illustration are Attic Greek words for selected nouns.

A

Common nouns

  • accola, -ae c. (common; m. or f.) resident
  • advena, -ae c. stranger
  • agricola, -ae m. farmer; also, Gnaeus Julius Agricola, governor of Britain
  • agripeta, -ae m. squatter, land-grabber
  • alienigena, -ae m. foreigner
  • alipta (or aliptes), -ae m. master of a wrestling school (ἀλεἰπτης)
  • amnicola, -ae c. any riverside dwelling
  • anagnostes, -ae m. reader (ἀναγνὀστης)
  • analecta, -ae m. slave who gathered crumbs after a meal (ἀνάλεγω)
  • anguigena, -ae m. one born of a snake
  • anthias, -ae m. type of sea-fish (ἀνθἰας)
  • archipirata, -ae m. chief pirate (ἀρχιπειράτης)
  • artopta, -ae m. baker; bread-pan (ἀρτὀπτης)
  • athleta, -ae m. athlete (ἀθλἠτης)
  • auriga, -ae m. charioteer

Proper nouns

B

Common nouns

  • brabeuta, -ae m. a judge or umpire in public games
  • bucaeda, -ae m. a person beaten with an ox-hide whip

Proper nouns

C

Common nouns

  • cacula, -ae m. a soldier's servant
  • caecias, -ae m. a northeast wind (καικἰας)
  • cataphractes, -ae m. an iron-scaled breast plate (καταφρακτἠς)
  • cerastes, -ae m. a horned snake (κεράστης)
  • choraules, -ae m. a male flute player (χοραὐλης)
  • citharista, -ae m. a player of the cithara (κιθαριστἠς)
  • clepta, -ae m. a thief (κλἐπτης)
  • cometes, -ae m. a comet (κομἠτης)
  • conchita, -ae m. a mussel-gatherer (κογχἰτης)
  • conlega, -ae m. a colleague (esp. in office)
  • convenae, -arum c. (plural only) a coming together of strangers
  • conviva, -ae m. a guest at table
  • coprea, -ae m. a low-class buffoon

Proper nouns

D

Common nouns

  • danista, -ae m. a moneylender (δανειστἠς)
  • dioecetes, -ae m. a revenue official, treasurer (διοικητἠς)
  • draconigena, -ae c. someone born of a dragon (δρακοντογενἠς)
  • drapeta, -ae m. a runaway slave (δπαπἐτης)

Proper nouns

E

Common nouns

  • etesiae, -arum m. pl. the northerly Etesian winds, which blew intermittently May–September (ετησἰαι)

Proper nouns

F

Common nouns

  • faeniseca, -ae m. a resident of the countryside
  • fratricida, -ae m. a fratricide, one who kills a brother

Proper nouns
(none)

G

Common nouns

  • geometres, -ae m. a geometer (γεωμἐτπης)
  • grammatista, -ae m. a grammarian or teacher of grammar (γραμματιστἠς)
  • gumia, -ae m. a glutton

Proper nouns

H

Common nouns

  • halophanta, -ae m. a scoundrel (ὰλοφἁωτης)
  • heuretes, -ae m. an inventor (εὺπετἠς)
  • hibrida (hybrida), -ae c. a hybrid animal
  • hippotoxota, -ae m. a mounted archer (Ὶπποτοξὀτης)
  • homicida, -ae c. a murderer of either sex

Proper nouns

  • Heraclides, -ae m. a Greek philosopher and student of Plato (Ὴρακλεἰδης)
  • Hermes or Herma, -ae m. the Greek messenger God, identified with the Roman Mercury (Ὴρμῆς)
  • Hilotae (Ilotae), -arum m. the Helots, slaves of the Spartans (Εἱλῶται)
  • Hippias, -ae m. (1) son of Pisistratus, a tyrant of Athens (2) a sophist of Elis (Ὶππἰας)
  • Hippomenes, -ae m. son of Megareus and husband of Atalanta, who won her hand by beating her in a footrace (2) a man of Athens, father of Limone (Ὶππομἑωης)
  • Hippotades, -ae m. another name for Aeolus, who was the grandson of Hippotes (Ὶπποτἀδης)

I

Common nouns

  • ignigena, -ae m. one born of fire (used of Bacchus)
  • incola, -ae c. a native inhabitant

Proper nouns

J

(was written as I in Roman script; q.v.)

K

(none)

L

Common Nouns

  • lanista, -ae m. a gladiator school owner and trainer
  • latebricola, -ae m. one who lives in hiding
  • lixa, -ae m. a camp-follower, nomad

Proper Nouns

M

Common Nouns

Proper Nouns

N

Common Nouns

  • nauta, -ae m. sailor

Proper Nouns

P

Common Nouns

    • pirata, -ae m. pirate
    • poeta, -ae m. poet

Proper Nouns

    • Proca, -ae m. Proca

Q

(none)

T

Common Nouns

    • tata, -ae m. daddy (used by a child)

Proper Nouns

U

Common nouns

  • umbraticola, -ae m. a lounger in the shade

Proper nouns

(none)

X

Common nouns

  • xiphias, -ae m. the swordfish (ξιφἰας)

Proper nouns

(none)

Y

(none; was a later addition to Latin to represent the Greek upsilon)

Z

(none)

References

  1. ^ http://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NymphePerseis.html
  2. ^ http://www.pyreneesguide.com/pyrenees-about-aragon-pyrenees.html

External links

  • Cassell's Latin Dictionary (5th edition, 1968)
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