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List of monastic houses in Herefordshire

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List of monastic houses in Herefordshire

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Aconbury Priory
Belmont Abbey
Bosbury (Upleadon) Preceptory
Clifford Priory
Colwall Priory
Craswall Priory
Dinmore Preceptory
Dore Abbey
Ewyas Harold Priory
Flanesford Priory
Garway Preceptory
Hentland Monastery
HEREFORD (see below)
Kilpeck Priory
Kinsham Monastery, supposed site
Kinsham Monastery, poss. site
Leominster Priory
Limebrook Priory
Ocle Priory
Shobdon Priory
Titley Priory
Wigmore Abbey
Wormsley Priory
Locations of monastic houses in Herefordshire

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Hereford Cathedral Priory
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Hereford Priory, earlier site
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Hereford Priory
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Blackfriars, earlier site (approx. loc.)
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Blackfriars
Locations of monastic houses in Hereford

The following is a list of monastic houses in Herefordshire, England.

In this article alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.

The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.

The geographical co-ordinates provided are sourced from the details provided by English Heritage Pastscape [1] and Ordnance Survey publications.

A Monastic Glossary follows the listing, which provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.

Abbreviations and key

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure
$ indicates remains limited to earthworks etc.
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown

Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location)
or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented)
or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic appellation but lacking monastic connection.

Trusteeship denoted as follows:
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
NT National Trust

Alphabetical listing of establishments

Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
Online References & Location
Aconbury Priory Sisters of St John of Jerusalem with brethren
founded 13th century (c.1200) by Margery (Margaret), wife of Walter de Lacy on a site granted by King John;
with a hospital, and attached to the preceptory of Dinmore;
Augustinian Canonesses
refounded 1237 with Papal permission;
dissolved 1539(?); granted to Hugh de Harry 1541/2;
priory church (restored by Sir George Gilbert Scott 1863) in pariochial use as the Parish Church of Saint John until 1967
The Priory Church of the Holy Cross, Aconbury

St John the Baptist
____________________
Acornbury Priory
-2.7052304|type:landmark_region:GB_source:OSGB,Pastscape(527112)_scale:2000 name=Aconbury Priory

}}
[1]

Acton Beauchamp Monastery grant of land 718 (727?) as "perpetual dwelling of servants of God", otherwise unknown
Archenfield Monastery founded before 914-7, when Cyfeiliog, 'Bishop of Archenfield' was captured by Norsemen

Aymestrey Priory Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
transferred from Shobdon;
founded c.1150(?);
dissolution unknown: transferred to Wigmore
[2]

Barton Priory? Benedictine monks
founded before 1199 (recorded by Gervase of Canterbury — possibly Brockbury (Colwall))
Belmont Abbey * Benedictine monks
founded 1859; extant
Roman Catholic priory-cathedral
founded 1859
status raised to abbey-cathedral 1917;
dissolved 1920;
see transferred to St David's Cathedral, Cardiff
The Abbey Church of Saint Michael and All Angels, Belmont -2.7564096|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Belmont Abbey, Herefordshire

}}

Beodune Priory Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
transferred from Wigmore c.1155;
founded c.1155(?);
dissolution unknown; transferred to Shobdon after 1155(?)
Byton Priory?

Bosbury Preceptory Knights Templar
founded c.1217-19 by William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke;
dissolved 1308-12;
Knights Hospitaller
founded 1312;
dissolved 1410; merged with Dinmore and Garway 1410;
house named 'Temple Court' possibly built on site 18th century
Upleadon Preceptory -2.4523732|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Bosbury Preceptory (Upleadon Preceptory)

}}

Cheleburne Priory? Augustinian Canons Regular
(possibly Chirbury Priory, Shropshire)
Chalborn Priory;
possibly Pynkney Priory
possibly Chirbury Priory


Clifford Priory ^ Cluniac monks
alien house: dependent on Lewes, Sussex
founded 1129-30 by Simon fitz Richard;
became denizen: independent from sometime between 1351 and 1374;
dissolved 1536; granted to William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 1553;
site occupied by Priory Farm, which probably incorporates monastic remains
The Blessed Virgin Mary -3.0913317|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Clifford Priory

}}

Colwall Priory Benedictine monks
cell dependent on Great Malvern, Worcestershire;
founded before 1199;
dissolved (?)
Brockbury Priory -2.395336|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Colwall Priory

}}

Craswall Priory Grandmontine monks
alien house: dependent on Grandmont;
founded c.1225 by Walter de Lacy;
dissolved 1462; granted to God's House College, Cambridge 1462
St Mary's Priory -3.0620688|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Craswall Priory

}}

Dinmore Monastery (?) order and foundation unknown; small monastic community apparently existed prior to the arrival of the Knights (see immediately below)

Dinmore Preceptory Knights Hospitaller
founded before 1189;
chapel 14th century;
dissolved before 1535: privately leased; granted to Sir Thomas Palmer in 1548;
chapel restored 1886 by H F St John
Chapel of St John of Jerusalem;
Dynmore Preceptory
-2.7528906|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Dinmore Preceptory

}}

Dore Abbey +,
Abbey Dore
Cistercian monks — from Morimond
founded 26 April 1147 by Robert Ewyas;
dissolved 1537; granted to John Scudamore 1539/40;
church restored 1633 and now in parochial use
Abbey Dore -2.756018|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Dore Abbey

}}

Dulas Monastery Benedictine monks
purportedly founded here;
transferred to Ewyas Harold


Ewyas Harold Priory Benedictine monks
cell dependent on Gloucester;
founded after 1100 by Harold son of Ralph of the Vexin: church of St Michael granted by Harold, Lord of Ewyas, purportedly first established at Dulas;
dissolved 1358
monks withdrawn through lack of revenue
St James and St Bartholomew -2.8944066|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Ewyas Harold Priory

}}

Flanesford Priory ^ Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1346/1347 by Richard, Lord Talbot;
dissolved 1537; granted to George, Earl of Shrewsbury 1538/9;
converted into a farm;
remains now incorporated into a private house
The Priory Church of Saint Mary the Virgin and Saint John the Baptist, Flanesford -2.6123214|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Flanesford Priory

}}

Garway Preceptory Knights Templar
founded 1185-8: grant made by Henry II;
dissolved 1308-12;
Knights Hospitaller
refounded after 1312;
merged with Dinmore before 1489;
dissolved before 1535 with Dinmore
-2.7934349|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Garway Preceptory

}}

Garway Clas Celtic monks — clas to 11th century?

Hentland Monastery Celtic monks
purportedly founded 6th century by St Dubricius
-2.6660514|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Hentland Monastery

}}

Hereford Cathedral Priory secular episcopal diocesan cathedral
founded 669 (680); extant;
Benedictine monks — abbey?
founded c.1025
built early 11th century;
destroyed 1055; dissolved before 1066;
rebuilt 12th century by Bishop Renhelm
The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Ethelbert in Hereford -2.7159727|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Hereford Cathedral Priory

}}

Hereford — St Guthlac's Priory probable Saxon minster
secular collegiate: St Guthlac's Collegiate Church
founded before 1066 ;
Benedictine monks — monastic church or chapel
founded c.1101;
united with Hereford priory;
badly damaged in the Baron's War c.1143; and amalgamated with Hereford Priory 1143;
transferred to new site outside the town (see immediately below)
St Guthlac's in the Castle -2.7124482|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Hereford Priory — earlier site

}}

Hereford Priory secular collegiate: St Peter's Collegiate Church
founded before 1084;
Benedictine monks
transferred from earlier site (see immediately above);
dependent on Gloucester;
granted to Gloucester Abbey by Hugh de Lacy 1100;
dissolved 1538; granted to John ap Rice 1542/3
St Guthlac

St Peter, St Paul and St Guthlac
-2.7083176|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Hereford Priory

}}

Hereford Blackfriars — earlier site Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of Oxford)
founded 1246 by Sir John Daniel;
transferred to new site 1322 (see immediately below)
-2.7230215|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Hereford Blackfriars, earlier site (approx. loc.)

}} (approx)

Hereford Blackfriars Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of Oxford)
founded 1246 at earlier site (see immediately above); transferred to new site 1322;
dissolved; granted to Elizabeth Wynne 1562/3
-2.7138859|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Hereford Blackfriars

}}

Hereford Greyfriars Franciscan Friars Minor (under the Custody of Bristol)
founded before 1228;
dissolved 1538


Hereford Preceptory Knights Hospitaller

Holme Lacy projected house of Premonstratensian Canons c.1235; daughter of Lavendon; establishment never implemented St Mary and St Thomas Martyr

Kilpeck Priory # Benedictine monks
founded c.1134 by Hugh, son of William the Norman who granted the church to Gloucester;
dissolved 1428 when the cell was united to Gloucester; granted to the Bishop of Gloucester
Kilpecke Priory -2.8057891|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Kilpeck Priory

}}

Kinsham Grange Benedictine monks
alien house;[note 1]
-2.910237|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Kinsham Monastery supposed site

}} (supposed)
52°16′14″N 2°56′22″W / 52.2704274°N 2.9393175°W / 52.2704274; -2.9393175 (Kinsham Monastery, possible site) (possible)

Leominster nunnery

Leominster Priory + Saxon nuns (possibly also monks)
purportedly built c.660 by Merwald, King of West Mercia;
destroyed in raids by the Danes 9th century;
secular canons collegiate
refounded 9th century;
nuns 9th century;
destroyed 1046;
Benedictine monks
founded after 1123: ruined monastery granted to Reading by Henry I, confirmed by Richard, Bishop of Hereford;
rebuilt 12th century, fully conventual by 1139;
dissolved 1539; granted to the bailiffs and burgesses of Leominster
St Peter (660);
The Priory Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Leominster (12th century)
-2.7356708|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Leominster Priory

}}

Leominster Priory Cluniac monks
Limebrook Priory Augustinian Canonesses (or Benedictine nuns?[note 2])
founded c.1189 (during or before the reign of Richard I) by Robert de Lingen or a member of the Mortimer family;
Augustinian Canonesses 1516 (in the time of Bishop Booth);
dissolved 28 December 1539; granted to John West and Robert Gratwick 1553
St Mary
____________________
Lymbroke Priory
-2.9194692|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Limebrook Priory

}}

Moccas Clas Celtic monks
reputedly founded 6th century by St Dubricius from Hennland on Wye;
dissolved before 1066?
Mochros

Monkland Priory Benedictine monks
alien house: cell dependent on Conches
founded before 1100;
dissolved c.1414


Much Dewchurch Clas monks of St David
founded 6th century;
parochial? before 1066


Ocle Priory Benedictine monks
alien house: cell dependent on Lyre;
founded 1160 (or c.1100) by the ancestors of Robert Chandos;
granted to the Carthusians at Sheen, Surrey c.1414;
granted to Sir Philip Hobby 1541/2;
site now occupied by Livers Ocle farmhouse
Acley Priory;
Livers Ocle Priory
-2.6189196|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Ocle Priory

}}

Shobdon Priory Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
dependent on Bristol;
founded between 1131 and 1135 (during the reign of Henry I and tenure of Robert de Bethune, Bishop of Hereford) by Oliver de Merlimound, steward of (and on behalf of) Hugh Mortimer;
transferred to [Eye, nr.] Aymestrey c.1150;
transferred from Beodune (?Byton) after 1155;
transferred to north of Wigmore
-2.878968|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Shobdon Priory

}}

Sutton Camera Knights Hospitaller
under Dinmore


Titley Priory # Tironensian monks
apparent alien house: cell dependent on Tiron;
founded 1120-1;
dissolved 1391;
granted to Winchester College c.1535;
church rebuilt 1865;
house named 'Priory Cottage' built on site 16th century
St Peter -2.9806745|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Titley Priory

}}

Welsh Bicknor Clas dissolved before 1100
Wigmore Priory Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
(community founded at Shobdon 1131-5);
transferred from [Eye, nr.] Aymestry; transferred to Beodune (? Byton)


Wigmore Abbey ^ Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine — from Shobdon;
(community founded at Shobdon between 1131 and 1135);
transferred here 1172-9: founded 1172 by Hugh Mortimer, Baron Wigmore;
dissolved 1538; granted to Sir Thomas Palmer 1548/9;
remains now incorporated into farm and buildings
St James -2.8665707|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Wigmore Abbey

}}

Wormsley Priory possibly originally a hermitage;
Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
founded after 1200 (13th century) (late in the reign of John or early in the reign of Henry III) by Gilbert Talbot;
dissolved 1539; granted to Edward Lord Clinton 1545/6
The Priory Church of Saint Mary and Saint Leonard, Wormsley
____________________
Priory of St Leonard de Pyon;
Wormeley Abbey[note 3]
-2.8255999|type:landmark_region:GB_source:Wikimapia_scale:2000 name=Wormsley Priory

}}

Glossary


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Map link to lists of monastic houses in England by county

Bedfordshire
Berkshire
Bristol
Buckinghamshire
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Cornwall
Cumbria
Derbyshire
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County Durham
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Merseyside
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Sussex, East
Sussex, West
Tyne and Wear
Warwickshire
West Midlands
Wiltshire
Worcestershire
Yorkshire, East Riding
Yorkshire, North
Yorkshire, South
Yorkshire, West

See also

Notes

References

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