World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of proofreader's marks

Article Id: WHEBN0038968966
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of proofreader's marks  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Proofreading, Book trimming, Subsidiary right, Book folding, Hardcover
Collection: Copy Editing, Proofreading
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of proofreader's marks

Below are lists of marks used in proofreading to indicate problems in a text and to suggest solutions. Marks come in two varieties, abbreviations and abstract symbols. These are usually handwritten on the paper containing the text. Symbols are interleaved in the text, while abbreviations may be placed in a margin with an arrow pointing to the problematic text. Note that different languages use different proofreading marks and sometimes publishers have their own in-house proofreading marks.

Abbreviations

Abbreviation Meaning Use
sp Spell out Used to indicate that an abbreviation should be spelled out, such as in its first use
stet Let it stand Indicates that proofreading marks should be ignored and the copy unchanged
fl Flush left Align text flush with left margin
fr Flush right Align text flush with right margin
eq # Equalize spacing
ls Letterspace Adjust letterspacing
ital Italics Put in italics
rom Roman Put in Roman (non-italic) font
bf Boldface Put in boldface
lc Lower case Put text in lower case
caps Capitalize Put text in capital case
sc Small caps Put text in small caps
wf Wrong font Put text in correct font
hr # Insert hair space

Symbols

Symbol Name Image Meaning Example of Use
Dele (Unicode U+20B0) Delete
Pilcrow (Unicode U+00B6) Begin new paragraph
Caret ^ / v Insert
# Insert space
Close up (Unicode U+2050) Tie words together, eliminating a space I was reading the news⁐paper this morning.
][ Center text
] Move text right
[ Move text left
Insert em dash
Insert en dash

External links

  • The Chicago Manual of Style Online: Proofreading
  • Merriam - Webster: Proofreader's Marks
  • Another (different) list of proofreading marks
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.