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List of rivers of the Czech Republic

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List of rivers of the Czech Republic

Vltava River in Czech capital Prague
Map of the 50 longest rivers of the Czech Republic

This is a list of rivers of the Czech Republic.

Czech language distinguishes between larger (river) and smaller (stream, creek, brook etc.) watercourses; the respective nouns being řeka (feminine, "river") and potok (masculine, "stream"). River names are mostly self-standing nouns and not accompanied with the generic word for river (except when confusion might arose because name is shared with some towns, e.g. Jihlava; in such cases one sometimes says řeka Jihlava). In contrast, stream names mostly consist of two words because they contain an adjective (usually stemming from physical properties (e.g. Černý potok-"Black Stream"), usage (e.g. Mlýnský potok-"Mill Stream") or derived from location through which it flows (e.g. Rakovnický potok-"Rakovník Stream")). These two-word names are used as a whole, the word potok making an inseparable part of the name (i.e. Mlýnský potok, not just Mlýnský). There are also streams with one-word names (either masculine or feminine) akin to rivers (e.g. Botič or Modla) but they are simply considered streams due to their small size. In such cases the word potok is optional and precedes the name (potok Modla).

Drainage basins

Catchment areas of the Elbe-Vltava system (dark grey) and the Morava-Thaya (light grey) before they leave Czech territory. The remaining white areas in the northeast and north belong to the Oder and its tributaries while narrow white strip along southwestern border denotes some smaller direct tributaries of the Danube.
Triple Divide Point marked on summit of Mt. Klepý

As Main European Watershed passes through the Czech Republic, there are three directions and principal areas of drainage (very roughly overlapping with historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia): Almost 2/3 of the country is drained in NW direction through the Elbe into the North Sea. Morava River flowing towards SE collects water from eastern regions of the Czech Republic and discharges into Danube which flows to the Black Sea. The northeast and some northern portions of the territory is drained by the Oder and its tributaries like Lausitzer Neisse into the Baltic Sea. The corresponding watershed tripoint with a marker for symbolic "roof of Europe" (50°8'55"N 016°46'57"E) is located at Czech-Polish border on Mt. Klepý near Dolní Morava in Králický Sněžník Mountains.

The catchment area of the Elbe down to Czech-German border in Hřensko/Schöna covers 51,394 square kilometres (19,843 sq mi). This figure includes upper courses of some tributaries starting in neighbouring countries. The area solely within Czech borders is slightly smaller and this is the figure given in the following table, which shows Czech territory divided after drainage basins.

River level 1 level 2 level 3
Elbe 49,933[1]
Vltava 27,006.70[2]
Ohře 4,601.05[3]
Danube 21,736[4]
Morava 20,692.4[5]
Thaya 11,164.7[6]
Oder 7,217
total (km²) 78,886

Table of rivers

While the Elbe is the longest Czech-related river when measured through its overall length (i.e. including lower course in Germany), its tributary Vltava surpasses it as the longest river within territory of the Czech Republic proper (in fact Vltava even carries at confluence more water than Elbe).

Rank River Length within CR (km) Avg. discharge[7] (m³/s) Total basin (km²) Tributary to Mouth location Photo
1. Vltava 430[8] 151 28,090 Elbe Mělník Slapy Reservoir on middle course of the Vltava
2. Elbe (Labe) 370[9] 308 144,055 North Sea Cuxhaven (Germany) Confluence of Elbe and Ploučnice in Děčín
3. Morava 284[10] 65[11] 26,658 Danube Bratislava-Devín (Slovakia) Morava near Uherský Ostroh
4. Ohře 256[12] 38 5,614 Elbe Litoměřice Ohře near Doksany during a dry summer
5. Berounka (Mže) 246 36 8,823 Vltava Prague-Lahovice Berounka flowing through Czech Karst near Tetín
6. Sázava 225 25 4,350 Vltava Davle Sázava near ruin of Zbořený Kostelec Castle
7. Thaya (Dyje) 209[13] 44 13,419 Morava Hohenau (Austria) Thaya in Podyjí National Park
8. Jihlava 185 12 3,117 Svratka Ivaň Jihlava near Dolní Kounice
9. Svratka 174 15[14] 7,119 Thaya Pouzdřany Svratka in Brno-Bystrc
10. Jizera 164 24 2,193 Elbe Lázně Toušeň Jizera near Malá Skála
11. Lužnice 153[15] 24 4,226 Vltava Neznašov A weir on the Lužnice in Dobronice near Bechyně
12. Oder (Odra) 136[16] 48 118,861 Baltic Sea Świnoujście (Poland) Oder in Ostrava
13. Orlice (+Divoká Orlice) 136 22 2,036 Elbe Hradec Králové Orlice near Třebechovce pod Orebem
14. Otava (+Vydra) 134 26 3,788 Vltava Zvíkov Otava in Sušice
15. Opava 129 18 2,088 Oder Ostrava-Nová Ves Opava near Háj ve Slezsku
16. Bečva (Vsetínská Bečva) 120 18 1,626 Morava Troubky Bečva near Grymov
17. Radbuza 112 11 2,179 Berounka Plzeň Radbuza in Dobřany
18. Úhlava 109 6 919 Radbuza Plzeň-Doudlevce Upper course of the Úhlava
19. Moravice 105 8 901 Opava Opava Source of the Moravice is located high in the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains
20. Chrudimka 104 6 870 Elbe Pardubice Chrudimka near Škrovád
21. Ploučnice 103 9 1,194 Elbe Děčín Ploučnice near Česká Lípa
22. Oslava 100 4 867 Jihlava Ivančice-Letkovice Oslava in Oslavany

Hierarchical list

Rivers not located themselves within the Czech Republic but possessing tributaries originating on the Czech territory are shown in strikethrough italics. Rivers over 100 km long or having average discharge greater than 10 m³/s are emphasized in bold.

Rivers flowing to the North Sea (Elbe basin)

tributaries joining the Elbe during its course through Germany (from area along Czech-German border in NW of the country, esp. from Ore Mountains)
Some rivers of Saxony, Thuringia and Brandenburg have their headwaters located in the Czech Republic
Scheme of principal tributaries and their contribution to average discharge of the Elbe (in m³/s)
Canyon of the Křinice in rocks of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains



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