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Lithuanian Land Force

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Lithuanian Land Force

Lithuanian Land Force
Lietuvos sausumos pajėgos
Insignia of Land Forces Command
Active 1918 - 1940
1990 - present
Country  Lithuania
Branch Army
Type Land force
Role Defend territory of Lithuania and act as an integral part of NATO forces
Size 3500 regulars
4700 volunteers
Part of Lithuanian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Vilnius
Motto "Strength in the unity, victory in the trust!"
Equipment Lithuanian army equipment
Website Official site
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Almantas Leika
Chief of Staff Colonel Vaidotas Malinionis
Chief Warrant Sergeant Major Osvaldas Žurauskas
Insignia
Flag of Lithuanian Land Force
Flag of Land Forces Command
Structure of the Lithuanian Land Forces

The Lithuanian Land Forces (LLF) form the backbone of the country's defence force, capable of acting as an integral part of NATO forces. Lithuanian Land Forces consist of one brigade, the Engineer Battalion, and the National Defence Volunteers.

Structure

The main element of the Land Forces is a single mechanised infantry brigade, the Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade. This is formed around three mechanized infantry battalions and an artillery battalion, all named after Lithuanian grand dukes as the tradition of the Lithuanian Armed Forces goes.

In addition to the formed infantry brigade, the Land Forces maintain three additional motorised infantry battalions; one of these is tasked to support operations both domestically and overseas; one is tasked primarily with the defence of territorial Lithuania, and the third is primarily a training unit

Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion is responsible for mine clearance, the construction of pontoon bridges, unexploded ordnance detonation tasks, underwater engineering, and participation in search and rescue operations. The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Platoon is ready to participate in international operations. Starting in 2008, the Lithuanian Armed Forces launched a 10-year-long project continuing mine cleaning on Lithuanian territory of explosives left after the First and Second World War, and in former Soviet military bases.

As an integral part of the Land Forces, the National Defence Volunteers have been developing since the beginning of the national movement for independence. The volunteers act smoothly together with the Allies during military operations and have been assigned new missions: to augment the regular forces, to deploy individual units and specific capabilities for international operations, to assist host nation support and to support the civilian authorities.

Units

Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade:

King Mindaugas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
Grand Duke Algirdas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
Grand Duchess Birutė Motorised Infantry Battalion
Grand Duke Kęstutis Motorised Infantry Battalion
General Romualdas Giedraitis artillery battalion
Duke Vaidotas Forward Support Battalion

Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion
Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces

Equipment

Lithuanian soldiers

In reforming the Armed Forces, most of the available attention and financial resources have been directed to the development of the Land Forces. To bring them up to NATO standards, current efforts focus on upgrading equipment and armaments, enhancing their operational effectiveness, and combat training. The standard service assault rifle of the Lithuanian Armed Forces is the Heckler & Koch G36 and the standard pistol is the Glock 17. The Lithuanian Land Forces are also equipped with machine guns, including the GPMG MG-3, the FN MAG, and the 12.7mm (.50 cal.) M2 Browning machine gun. They also employ the AT-4 and Carl Gustav anti-tank grenade launchers, HK GMG high-velocity grenade launchers, and low-velocity AG-36 under-the-barrel grenade launchers, in addition to light and heavy mortars and M101 howitzers. The army also uses high-technology Lithuanian-made tactical automated commanding and controlling informational systems (TAVVIS).

Military vehicles

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Armoured personnel carriers
M113
 United States
 Germany
Armoured personnel carrier
M113A1
M113A2
210
(as of 2008)[1]
154 - M113A1 and 200 - M113A2 items transferred from Germany between 2000 and 2006, some of them - non-operational (used as source for spare parts only); 8 fitted for Logistic battalion (equipped with cranes), other modification - infantry, medical and command.[2][3]

There were 361 M113s in service as of 2006.[1]

MT-LB  Soviet Union
 Poland
Amphibious armoured personnel carrier
MT-LB
10
(as of 2008)[1]
10 MT-LB vehicles were transferred from Poland in 2000.[4]
Armoured cars
HMMWV  United States Armoured car
M1025
M1097
M1114
M1151
200
Some equipped with HK GMG, 50.cal.
.
Land Rover Defender  United Kingdom Armoured car
88
90
110
Some equipped with HK GMG 50.cal, RBS 70.
Toyota Land Cruiser  Japan Armoured car
12
Bought for international missions, has protection from small arms and IED's.
Support vehicles
Sisu E13TP  Finland 8×8 High mobility tactical vehicle
SISU PLS
SISU RECOVERY
50
Bv 206  Sweden Amphibious tracked vehicle
Bv 206A
Bv 206F
Chevrolet CUCV I  United States Pickup truck
M1008
Troop and cargo transport
Mercedes-Benz Unimog 437  Germany Truck
U5000
U1550
Star  Poland Truck
Star 266
Some number were donated by Poland
GAZ  Soviet Union Truck
GAZ 66
Volvo  Sweden SUV4x4
C303
Volvo  Sweden SUV6x6
C304
Volvo  Sweden SUV6x6
C306

Artillery

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Self-propelled artillery
M1064  United States Mortar carrier
PzMrs
42
(as of 2008)[1]
Mortar carriers with Tampella 120 mm mortars
Were transferred from Germany in 2005 and 2006.[5]
Howitzers
M101  United States Howitzer
105 mm caliber
54
(as of 2008)[1]
72 items were transferred from Denmark in 2002 (18 of them - for spares only).[6]
Heavy mortars
2B11  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
20
(as of 2008)[1]
20 items were transferred from Bulgaria in 1999.
M1982  Romania Mortar
120 mm caliber
24
(as of 2008)[1]
M38/43  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
11
(as of 2008)[1]
M/41D  Finland Mortar
120 mm caliber
12
(as of 2008)[1]
Light mortars
M19  United States Mortar
60 mm caliber
M60  Bulgaria Mortar
60 mm caliber
LM-60  Poland Mortar
60 mm caliber
[7]
Grenade launchers
Heckler & Koch GMG  Germany Automatic grenade launcher
40x53 mm caliber
Heckler & Koch AG36  Germany Grenade launcher
40x46 mm caliber
wz. 1974 Pallad  Poland Grenade launcher
40x47 mm caliber
10
Use by SOJ Aitvaras[7][8]
Anti-tank warfare
Pvpj 1110  Sweden Recoilless rifle
90 mm caliber
FGM-148 Javelin[9]  United States Anti-tank missile
127 mm caliber
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle  Sweden Recoilless rifle
84 mm caliber
M2 and M3 variants.
AT4[10]  Sweden One-shot anti-tank weapon
84 mm caliber

Air-defence weapons

Model Image Origin Variant Quantity Details
Air-defence artillery
Bofors 40mm gun  Sweden Bofors 40mm L/70 18 In wartime reserves.
Air-defence missiles
RBS-70  Sweden RBS 70 21 Including 5 training simulators, 5 Giraffe Mk-IV radars and about 210 Mk1 missiles.[11]
FIM-92 Stinger  United States FIM-92 Stinger 8 Acquired in 2007 "Dual Mount Stinger" modification with 54 missiles, 9 trainers, 6 test missiles, 2 MPQ-64 Sentinel radars, tactical control centres and Humvee trucks for transportation.[12][13]
PZR Grom  Poland Grom 0 (~20) There are plans to buy some PZR Grom from Polish Army stock.[14]

Infantry weapons

Model Image Origin Variant Details
Pistols
Browning Hi-Power  Belgium [15]
Glock pistol  Austria Glock 17 [16]
Heckler & Koch USP  Germany USP [17]
M1911  United States M1911A1 [18]
MAG pistol  Poland MAG-95 Use by SOJ Aitvaras.[7]
Shotguns and submachine guns
Benelli M4  Italy Benelli M4 (Special Forces)
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Heckler & Koch MP5SD3
Heckler & Koch UMP  Germany Heckler & Koch UMP45 (Special Forces)
PM-84 Glauberyt  Poland PM-84P Reconnaissance units.[19]
Assault rifles and Machine guns
Heckler & Koch G36  Germany Heckler & Koch G36K standard service assault rifle[20]
Heckler & Koch G3  Germany
 Sweden
Ak 4 Phasing out of service.[21]
kbs wz. 1996 Beryl  Poland kbs wz. 1996A Beryl Use by SOJ Aitvaras and reconnaissance units. Some also equipped with Pallad grenade launcher and CWL-1 optic sight.[7][19][22]
kbk wz. 1996 Mini-Beryl  Poland kbk wz. 1996A Mini-Beryl Use by SOJ Aitvaras and reconnaissance units. Some also equipped with CWL-1 optic sight.[7][19][22]
M14 rifle  United States M14 [23]
M16 rifle  United States M16A1 .[24]
Rheinmetall MG 3  Germany [25]
FN MAG  Belgium [26]
M2 Browning  United States Typically mounted on unarmoured or lightly armoured vehicles.[27]
Sniper rifles
BARRETT M82A1  United States
FR F2 sniper rifle  France [28]
GOL Sniper Magnum  Germany [29]
Heckler & Koch PSG1  Germany MSG90A1 [30]
Sako TRG  Finland Sako TRG-22 [31]

Reserves

Lithuanian Land Forces are formed from professional military servicemen and volunteers. In 2008 the minister of national defence of Lithuania signed a law that ceased conscription in an effort to develop Lithuania's professional army. National defence is based on reserve forces and mobilisation forces. The new minister plans to increase national defence capabilities by making all males from 18 to 24 take 7 week military basic training. After that the person will be added to the military reserves.

International missions

Lithuania has participated in international missions in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Bosnia. The main force is currently (2013) in Afghanistan. Right now there are more than 200 soldiers serving on foreign soil

Location Mission Size
Afghanistan
ISAF
268
Bosnia
EUFOR-ALTHEA
20
Iraq
MNF
Ended

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i UN Register of Conventional Arms
  2. ^ Vokietija perduos Lietuvai šarvuočių(Lithuanian)
  3. ^ Lietuvos kariuomenei bus perduoti vokiški šarvuočiai(Lithuanian)
  4. ^ MT-LB - Contracts, Orders & Sales
  5. ^ M1064 - Contracts, Orders & Sales.
  6. ^ M101 - Contracts, Orders & Sales
  7. ^ a b c d e [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ Raketų paleidimo sistema „JAVELIN“
  10. ^ Prieštankinis granatsvaidis AT-4
  11. ^ Lithuanian airspace to be safeguarded by air defence armaments donated by Norway
  12. ^ Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania information publication(in Lithuanian)
  13. ^ Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania information publication(in Lithuanian)
  14. ^ http://www.lithuaniatribune.com/65575/lithuania-to-buy-manpads-grom-from-poland-201465575/
  15. ^ Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas BROWNING
  16. ^ Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas GLOCK 17
  17. ^ Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas USP
  18. ^ Lietuvos kariuomenė :: Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas COLT M1911A1
  19. ^ a b c http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?59598-Lithuanian-defence-forces/page42
  20. ^ Automatinis šautuvas G-36
  21. ^ Automatinis šautuvas AK-4
  22. ^ a b http://www.altair.com.pl/news/view?news_id=389
  23. ^ Automatinis šautuvas M-14
  24. ^ Automatinis šautuvas M-16
  25. ^ Kulkosvaidis MG-3
  26. ^ Kulkosvaidis FN MAG
  27. ^ Sunkusis 12.7 mm (50) kulkosvaidis M-2 browning
  28. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas FR F-2
  29. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas "GOL SNIPER"
  30. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas H&K MSG-90A1
  31. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas "SAKO TRG 22"

As of this edit, this article uses content from "Lithuanian Armed Forces :: Structure » Land Forces", which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the , but not under the . All relevant terms must be followed.

  • Lithuanian Ministry of Defence site
  • Stefan Marx, 'Lithuania's Defence Structure,' Jane's Intelligence Review, September 1993, p. 407-409
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