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Málaga (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Title: Málaga (Spanish Congress Electoral District)  
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Subject: Spanish general election, 2011, Province of Málaga, Spanish general election, 2015, Spanish general election, 1979, Spanish general election, 1982
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Málaga (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Location of Málaga electoral district in Spain.

Málaga is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It was first contested in modern times in the 1977 General Election. It is the sixth largest district in terms of electorate.

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Málaga and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members

In the general elections of 1977, 1979 and 1982 Málaga returned 8 members. That figure was increased to 9 members for the 1986 election and it gained a tenth seat for the 1989 election. It has stayed at that figure since then.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces.

In 2004 Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Málaga the ratio was slightly above that at 103,341.[4]

Summary of seats won 1977-2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Seats 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 10
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 4 3 6 6 7 6 5 4 6 5
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 3 3
United Left (IU) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Andalusian Party (PA) 1
People's Party (PP) 2 2 2 3 4 5 4 5

Seats shown for the People's Party include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and the Popular Coalition before 1989. Seats shown for United Left include seats won by the Communist Party of Spain before 1986.


2008 General Election

 Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Málaga.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 359,046 46.98 5
People's Party (Partido Popular) 328,314 42.96 5
United Left 38,716 5.07 0
Andalusian Coalition (Coalición Andalucista) 11,177 1.46 0
Others 19,015 1.11 0


2004 General Election

 Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Málaga.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 367,758 49.77 6 Magdalena Álvarez
People's Party (Partido Popular) 269,063 36.41 4 Celia Villalobos
United Left 47,182 6.38 0
Andalusian Party (Partido Andalucista) 32,368 4.38 0
Others 9,583 1.30 0


2000 General Election

 Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Málaga.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 282,229 43.47 5
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 253,630 39.06 4
United Left 52,723 8.12 1 Jose Luis Centella
Andalusian Party (Partido Andalucista) 33,566 5.17 0
Others 17,887 2.80 0

External links

  • List of members by year
  • Number of voters by Municipality


  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  3. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  4. ^ Málaga 2004 election results
  5. ^ a b Interior ministry link to election results

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