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Märkisch-Oderland

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Title: Märkisch-Oderland  
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Märkisch-Oderland

Märkisch-Oderland
District
Coat of arms of Märkisch-Oderland
Coat of arms
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Seelow
Area
 • Total 2,127.7 km2 (821.5 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 187,668
 • Density 88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration MOL (former: FRW, SEE, SRB)
Website maerkisch-oderland.de

Märkisch-Oderland is a Landkreis (district) in the eastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring are (from the north clockwise) the district Barnim, the country Poland, the district-free city Frankfurt (Oder), the district Oder-Spree and the Bundesland Berlin. The administrative seat is Seelow but the largest town is Strausberg.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Coat of arms 4
  • Towns and municipalities 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Geography

The district extends from the outskirts of Berlin in the west to the Oder river and the Polish border in the east. It includes a swampy area along the Oder known as the Oderbruch, about 60 km in length and 17 km in width. The Oderbruch was partially drained and populated in the 18th century. The rest of the district is mainly agricultural land.

History

The district dates back to the district Lebus and the district Oberbarnim, which were both created in 1816. The district Lebus dates back to the Land Lebus, the region around the town of Lebus. In 1863 Seelow became the seat of the administration of the district Lebus, and in 1950 the district was renamed to Kreis Seelow. In 1952 the districts were split into three parts, the districts Bad Freienwalde, Seelow and Strausberg. In 1993 the three parts were merged to form the current district - the new name refers to Northmarch lands at the Oder river.

Demographics

Landkreis Märkisch-Oderland:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 137 225
1890 134 950
1910 141 360
1925 157 667
1933 166 664
1939 177 555
1946 176 605
1950 192 609
1964 184 838
1971 186 206
Year Population
1981 178 519
1985 178 762
1989 176 596
1990 174 356
1991 171 572
1992 170 995
1993 169 985
1994 170 631
1995 172 577
1996 175 033
Year Population
1997 178 958
1998 182 968
1999 186 573
2000 188 277
2001 189 634
2002 190 678
2003 191 729
2004 192 131
2005 192 122
2006 191 998
Year Population
2007 191 640
2008 191 241
2009 191 067
2010 190 502
2010,9 189 673
2011 187 085
2012 186 925

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Coat of arms

District banner includes the coat of arms

The coat of arms shows the eagle of Brandenburg in the upper half. The upper half also resembles the coat of arms of the former district Oberbarnim. In the lower half are two boat-hooks and a star, both taken from the coat of arms of the former district Seelow. The wavy line in the bottom represents the Oder river.

Towns and municipalities

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Altlandsberg
  2. Bad Freienwalde
  3. Müncheberg
  4. Seelow
  5. Strausberg
  6. Wriezen

Amt-free municipalities

  1. Fredersdorf-Vogelsdorf
  2. Hoppegarten
  3. Letschin
  4. Neuenhagen bei Berlin
  5. Petershagen-Eggersdorf
  6. Rüdersdorf bei Berlin

1. Barnim-Oderbruch
[seat: Wriezen]

  1. Bliesdorf
  2. Neulewin
  3. Neutrebbin
  4. Oderaue
  5. Prötzel
  6. Reichenow-Möglin

2. Falkenberg-Höhe

  1. Beiersdorf-Freudenberg
  2. Falkenberg1
  3. Heckelberg-Brunow
  4. Höhenland

3. Golzow

  1. Alt Tucheband
  2. Bleyen-Genschmar
  3. Golzow1
  4. Küstriner Vorland
  5. Zechin

4. Lebus

  1. Lebus1, 2
  2. Podelzig
  3. Reitwein
  4. Treplin
  5. Zeschdorf

5. Märkische Schweiz

  1. Buckow1, 2
  2. Garzau-Garzin
  3. Oberbarnim
  4. Rehfelde
  5. Waldsieversdorf

6. Neuhardenberg

  1. Gusow-Platkow
  2. Märkische Höhe
  3. Neuhardenberg1

7. Seelow-Land
[seat: Seelow]

  1. Falkenhagen
  2. Fichtenhöhe
  3. Lietzen
  4. Lindendorf
  5. Vierlinden
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2013 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^ Boundaries as of 2013
  3. ^

External links

  • (German) Märkisch-Oderland official website
  • (German) History and infos about Märkisch-Oderland

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