World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Marcin Bielski

Marcin Bielski

Marcin Bielski (or Wolski) (1495 – December 18, 1575) was a Polish chronicler and satirical poet. He was born of noble parentage on the patrimonial estate of Biała, Pajęczno County (whence the family name), in the Polish province of Sieradz. The name Wolski is derived from his estate at Wola. One of two Polish writers of the same name, he was the first to use the Polish language, hence his designation as the father of Polish prose.

Life

Bielski was educated at the University of Kraków, founded by Casimir the Great in 1364, and spent some time with the military governor of that city. He served in the army in the wars against the Wallachians and Tatars, and participated in the Battle of Obertyn (Galicia) in 1531.

He was the author of several works, including:

  • Zywoty Filosofow (Lives of the Philosophers, 1535)
  • Kronika Swiata (Universal Chronicle, 1550–64), from the earliest time down to his day, divided into six periods. This was the first important universal history published in the national idiom, and the first attempt at a comprehensive history of Poland, from 550 to 1580; in the second edition (1554) there is a reference to America. After the author's death the work was continued, rearranged, and brought down to the year 1597, under the title of Kronika Polska (Chronicle of Poland) by his son Joachim (b. 1540; d. 1599), secretary to King Sigismund III
  • Sprawa Rycerskiego, a treatise on military art (1569), according to the Greek science of warfare, in eight parts. It contains valuable data about the Polish army and kindred subjects.

After Bielski's death, several satirical poems by him were published:

  • Seym Majowy (The May Diet, 1590), descriptive of the degradation of Hungary, and an appeal to his countrymen to emulate a higher standard of life
  • Seym Niewiesci, (Woman's Council, 1586–95), analytical of the then existing political conditions in Poland
  • Sen Maiowy (Dream of a Hermit, 1586)
  • Komedia Justina y Konstanciey (Comedy of Justinian and Constantia, 1557)

See also

References

  • Estreicher, Polish bibliography (1800-70)
  • Bohomolec, Collection of Histories (Warsaw, 1764)
  • —, Martin Bielski (Warsaw, 1764)
  • Sobieszczanski, Chronicle of Poland (Warsaw, 1851)
  • Turowski, Chronicle of Poland (Kraków, 1855–62)
  • This article incorporates text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia article "Marcin Bielski" by Joseph Smolinski, a publication now in the public domain.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.