World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira

Article Id: WHEBN0002846787
Reproduction Date:

Title: Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal, John VI of Portugal, Infanta Maria da Assunção of Portugal, House of Braganza
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira

Infanta Maria Teresa
Princess of Beira
Born (1793-04-29)29 April 1793
Ajuda, Lisbon
Died 17 January 1874(1874-01-17) (aged 80)
Trieste
Spouse Infante Peter Charles of Spain and Portugal
Carlos V of Spain (Carlist claimant)
Issue Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain
Full name
Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga
House House of Braganza
Father John VI of Portugal
Mother Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism

Infanta Maria Teresa of Portugal (or of Braganza; Portuguese pronunciation:  or [ˈtɾezɐ]; 29 April 1793 – 17 January 1874) was the firstborn child of John VI of Portugal and Carlota Joaquina of Spain, and heir to the throne of Portugal between 1793 and 1795, until her short-lived brother António Pio was born.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Marriage 2
  • Spanish succession 3
    • Titles 3.1
    • Honours 3.2
  • Ancestors 4
  • Refefences 5
  • See also 6

Early life

Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga was born in Ajuda, Lisbon in 1793. As the eldest child of the heir to the Portuguese monarch, she was granted the title Princess of Beira (given to the son of the heir to the throne). Maria Teresa was the eldest daughter of King John VI of Portugal, then the heir-apparent of the reigning queen Maria I of Portugal, and his wife Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain.

Marriage

Portrait by Nicolas-Antoine Taunay, 1817.

She was married on 13 May 1810 in Rio de Janeiro (where the royal family was exiled because of the Napoleonic wars) to her cousin Infante Pedro Carlos, Prince of Spain and Portugal. She was widowed on 26 May 1812, but soon after gave birth to her only child, a son, Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain (1813–75).

Very conservative, she was an ally of her younger brother Miguel I of Portugal in his attempts to obtain the throne of Portugal (civil war 1826–34), and of her brother-in-law and uncle Infante Don Carlos, Count of Molina in his attempts to obtain the Spanish throne. In the last years of the reign of her uncle Ferdinand VII of Spain (died 1833), Teresa lived in Madrid and plotted to strengthen Don Carlos' position in succession. She participated in the First Carlist War (1833–39), being a leading supporter of Carlism, church and reactionary interests. Her sister Francisca, Titular Queen of Spain, wife of Carlos, died in 1834.

Spanish succession

On 15 January 1837, the Cortes of Spain legislated her excluded from the Spanish succession, rights belonging to her in descent from her mother, on grounds of her being a rebel along with don Carlos. Her son Sebastian's rights were similarly excluded, but he was later, in 1859, restored in Spain. Also don Carlos' sons and Teresa's brother Miguel I of Portugal were excluded at the same law.

The next year she married again, in 1838, to her brother-in-law, uncle and longtime ally, Infante Carlos of Spain (1788–1855), whom she viewed as the rightful king of Spain; the widower of her sister Maria Francisca. The second marriage remained childless, but she took care of her stepsons, who were also her nephews and cousins.

They soon left Spain because of unsuccess in the civil war, and never returned. She died in Trieste on 17 January 1874, having survived her second husband by nineteen years.

Titles

  • 29 April 1793 - 21 March 1795: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Beira
  • 21 March 1795 - 13 May 1810: Her Highness Infanta Maria Teresa of Portugal
  • 13 May 1810 - 20 October 1838: Her Highness Infanta Maria Teresa of Portugal and Spain
  • 20 October 1838 - 30 March 1855: Her Highness The Contess of Molina
    • Carlist: 20 October 1838 - 30 March 1845: Her Majesty The Queen of Spain
  • 30 March 1855 - 17 January 1874: Her Highness The Dowager Countess of Molina

Honours

Ancestors

Refefences

  1. ^ Geneall
  2. ^ Geneall

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.