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Marlin

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Title: Marlin  
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Subject: Billfish, List of fish of Hawaii, I Love the World, Big-game fishing, The Old Man and the Sea
Collection: Hawaiian Cuisine, Istiophoridae, Seafood Red List, Sport Fish
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Marlin

Marlin
Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Istiophoridae
Rafinesque, 1810
Genera

A marlin is a fish from the family Istiophoridae (includes about 10 species). It has an elongated body, a spear-like snout or bill, and a long, rigid dorsal fin which extends forward to form a crest. Its common name is thought to derive from its resemblance to a sailor's marlinspike.[1] Even more so than their close relatives, the scombrids, marlins are fast swimmers, reaching speeds of about 80 km/h (50 mph).[2][3]

The larger species include the Atlantic blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, which can reach 5 m (16.4 ft) in length and 818 kg (1,803 lb) in weight[4] and the black marlin, Istiompax indica, which can reach in excess of 5 m (16.4 ft) in length and 670 kg (1,480 lb) in weight. They are popular sporting fish in tropical areas.

Contents

  • Classification 1
    • Timeline of genera 1.1
  • In literature 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
    • Notes 4.1
    • Sources 4.2
  • External links 5

Classification

The marlins are perciform fish, most closely related to the swordfish and Scombridae.

Timeline of genera

In literature

A taxidermy marlin greets visitors to Dare County, North Carolina.

In the Nobel Prize-winning author Ernest Hemingway's 1952 novel The Old Man and the Sea, the central character of the work is an aged Cuban fisherman who, after 84 days without success on the water, heads out to sea to break his run of bad luck. On the 85th day, Santiago, the old fisherman, hooks a resolute marlin; what follows is a great struggle between man, sea creature, and the elements.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (November 2001). "marlin". Online Etymological Dictionary. 
  2. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 190–191.  
  3. ^ "The World's Fastest Fish". 
  4. ^ "Makaira nigricans, Blue marlin : fisheries, gamefish". FishBase. 

Sources

  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2005). "Istiophoridae" in FishBase. November 2005 version.
  • Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2011-05-19. 

External links

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