World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mass trespass of Kinder Scout


Mass trespass of Kinder Scout

North flank of Kinder Scout

The mass trespass of Kinder Scout, also called the Kinder mass trespass,[1] was a notable act of wilful trespass by ramblers. It was undertaken at Kinder Scout, in the Peak District of Derbyshire, England, on 24 April 1932, to highlight the fact that walkers in England and Wales were denied access to areas of open country. Political and conservation activist Benny Rothman of the Young Communist League of Manchester was one of the leaders of the mass trespass.[2]


  • Events in 1932 1
  • Political effects 2
  • Commemoration 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Citations 5.2
    • Bibliography 5.3
  • External links 6

Events in 1932

The 1932 trespass began at Bowden Bridge quarry near Hayfield. It proceeded via William Clough to the plateau of Kinder Scout, where there were violent scuffles with gamekeepers. The ramblers were able to reach their destination and meet with another group. On the return, five ramblers were arrested, with another detained earlier. Trespass was not, and still is not, a criminal offence in any part of Britain, but some would receive jail sentences of two to six months for offences relating to violence against the keepers.[upper-alpha 1]

Political effects

The mass trespass marked the beginning of a media campaign by The Ramblers' Association, culminating in the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, which legislates rights to walk on mapped access land. The introduction of this Act was a key promise in the manifesto which brought New Labour to power in 1997.

According to the Kinder Trespass website, this act of civil disobedience was one of the most successful in British history. It arguably led to the passage of the National Parks legislation in 1949. The Pennine Way and other long-miled footpaths were established. Walkers' rights to travel through common land and open country were protected by the C.R.O.W. Act of 2000. Though controversial when it occurred, it has been interpreted as the embodiment of "working class struggle for the right to roam versus the rights of the wealthy to have exclusive use of moorlands" to shoot grouse.[4]


Commemorative plaque at Bowden Bridge Quarry, unveiled in 1982

Chumbawamba's 2005 album A Singsong and a Scrap.

Each year a combination of wardens and rangers from both The National Trust and the Peak District National Park Authority hold a walking event to mark the anniversary of the trespass.[6] A commemorative plaque marks the start of the trespass at Bowden Bridge quarry near Hayfield, now a popular area for ramblers. It was unveiled in April 1982 by Benny Rothman (then aged 70) during a rally to mark the 50th anniversary.

See also



  1. ^ "Also they were never charged with the offence of trespass. The charges of unlawful assembly were changed to the more serious charge of riotous assembly. Mr Justice MacKinnon at Chester Assizes in 1933 stated that the Act of Parliament which made it an offence to trespass after being warned not to do so had been repealed, making 'trespassers will be prosecuted' signs unenforceable."[3]


  1. ^ "'"Kinder Mass Trespass 'should be taught in schools. BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Long, Chris. "How trespassing 'crystallised' Ewan MacColl's songwriting". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Conflict and Controversy". Kinder trespass. Kinder Visitor Centre Group. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Kinder Mass Trespass". Kinder Visitor Centre Group. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  5. ^ Harker, Ben (Spring 2005). The Manchester Rambler': Ewan MacColl and the 1932 Mass Trespass"'" (PDF). History Workshop Journal (59): 219–228. 
  6. ^ Trespass Trail (pdf), Kinder trespass, retrieved 1 March 2012 


  • Rothman, Benny. (1982) 1932 Kinder Trespass: Personal View of the Kinder Scout Mass Trespass. Willow Publishing. ISBN 0-9506043-7-2

External links

  • Newspaper report of the mass trespass
  • Website about the event which includes the lyrics of the "Manchester Rambler"
  • Right To Roam Act of Parliament (explained by BBC News)
  • Article on Benny Rothman from WCML website
  • Details of Benny Rothman archives at WCML
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.