World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Mendip

Mendip
Mendip District
Non-metropolitan district
Official logo of Mendip
Logo
Shown within Somerset
Shown within Somerset
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South West England
Ceremonial county Somerset
Admin HQ Shepton Mallet
Created 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district
 • Leader Harvey Siggs
 • Council Liberal Democrat (council NOC)
 • MPs: James Heappey (Conservatives), David Warburton (Cons)
Area
 • Total 285.50 sq mi (739.44 km2)
Population (mid-2014 est.)
 • Total 63,176 (Ranked 309th)
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Post Code BA4
Area code(s) 01749
Website http://www.mendip.gov.uk/

Mendip is a local government district of Somerset in England. The Mendip district covers a largely rural area of 285 square miles (738 km2)[1] ranging from the Mendip Hills through on to the Somerset Levels. It has a population of approximately 110,000.[1] The administrative centre of the district is Shepton Mallet but the largest town (three times larger than Shepton Mallet) is Frome.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the municipal boroughs of Glastonbury and Wells, along with Frome, Shepton Mallet, Street urban districts, and Frome Rural District, Shepton Mallet Rural District, Wells Rural District, and part of Axbridge Rural District and part of Clutton Rural District.

Contents

  • Toponymy 1
  • Settlements 2
  • Parishes 3
  • Transport 4
    • Major roads 4.1
  • Railways 5
    • Railway stations 5.1
    • East Somerset Railway 5.2
    • Railway stations 5.3
  • Education 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Toponymy

Several explanations for the name "Mendip" have been suggested. Its earliest known form is Mendepe in 1185. One suggestion is that it is derived from the medieval term "Myne-deepes".[2][3] However, A D Mills derives its meaning from Celtic monith, meaning mountain or hill, with an uncertain second element, perhaps Old English yppe in the sense of upland, or plateau.[4]

An alternative explanation is that the name is cognate with Mened (Welsh mynydd), a Brythonic term for upland moorland. The suffix may be a contraction of the Anglo-Saxon hop, meaning a valley. Possible further meanings have been identified. The first is 'the stone pit' from the Celtic meyn and dyppa in reference to the collapsed cave systems of Cheddar. The second is 'Mighty and Awesome' from the Old English moen and deop.[5]

Settlements

The five main settlements in Mendip are:

Frome, Glastonbury and Shepton Mallet are the only towns in the district, as Wells has city status and Street has maintained its status as a village despite a population in excess of 11,000.[6]

Other villages and hamlets include:

Parishes

Image Name Status Population[7] Former local authority Coordinates Refs
Gray stone building with square tower at left hand end. Foreground includes grass area with gravestones, taken over the top of metal railings. Ashwick Civil parish 1,352 Shepton Mallet Rural District [8][9]
Brown stone building with square tower at the left hand end. In the foreground is a grass area with gravestones. Baltonsborough Civil parish 864 Wells Rural District [10][11]
A row of whitewashed buildings on the left with climbing plants. Small flower filled gardens separate them from a stone wall fronting a road. Batcombe Civil parish 439 Shepton Mallet Rural District [12][9]
Street scene showing brown stone houses with tiled roofs. Several parked cars in the road. Beckington Civil parish 983 Frome Rural District [13][14]
Yellow stone building with prominent square tower. Trees to left and right of the path leading to the building. Berkley Civil parish 344 Frome Rural District [15][14]
Binegar Civil parish 313 Shepton Mallet Rural District [16][9]
Buckland Dinham Civil parish 381 Frome Rural District [17][14]
Butleigh Civil parish 823 Wells Rural District [18][11]
Stone two bay building with prominent ornamental tower behind Chewton Mendip Civil parish 585 Wells Rural District [19][11]
Chilcompton Civil parish 2,062 Clutton Rural District [20][21]
Stone building with prominent square tower at near end. In the foreground are gravestones and trees to the left and right. Coleford Civil parish 2,313 Frome Rural District [22][14]
Stone building with arched porchway. Prominent square tower to the left hand end of building. In the foreground gravestones and crosses on grass. Cranmore Civil parish 667 Shepton Mallet Rural District [23][9]
Water flowing through a channel and over a weir between a building and a wall. Vegetation on both sides of the water. Croscombe Civil parish 603 Shepton Mallet Rural District [24][9]
Yellow stone building with central square tower, Foreground is paths through green grass. Ditcheat Civil parish 725 Shepton Mallet Rural District [25][9]
Doulting Civil parish 618 Shepton Mallet Rural District [26][9]
East Pennard Civil parish 348 Shepton Mallet Rural District [27][9]
Whitewashed building with square tower. Emborough Civil parish 148 Shepton Mallet Rural District [28][9]
Street scene. Stone cross on a pillar rising from 5 step plinth. Iron lampost left and right of the road are stone terraced houses. Evercreech Civil parish 2,334 Shepton Mallet Rural District [29][9]
Frome Town 26,203 Frome Rural District
Frome Urban District
[30][14]
Red roofs of multiple houses, with some larger white roofs at the far side. Surrounded by trees and grren fields on all sides. Hills on the horizon. Glastonbury Town 8,932 Glastonbury Municipal Borough [31][32]
Godney Civil parish 237 Wells Rural District [33][11]
Great Elm Civil parish 171 Frome Rural District [34][14]
Stone building with arched windows. Prominent square tower to the right hand end. In the foreground are gravestones in grassy area. Hemington Civil parish 640 Frome Rural District [35][14]
Street scene. Road junction with red stop sign. Two cars. The sides of the roads are stone walls with large trees showing above them. Holcombe Civil parish 947 Shepton Mallet Rural District [36][9]
Stone building with old metal sign above the door saying Old Post Office, red post box set into the wall and to the left an old blue telephone box. The door is below the level of the road and separated by metal railings. Hanging baskets of flowers on the front of the building. Kilmersdon Civil parish 541 Frome Rural District [37][14]
Gray stone building with square tower at left hand end. In the foreground are gravestones on grass. Lamyat Civil parish 183 Shepton Mallet Rural District [38][9]
Street scene showing a road unction with parked cars. On the left and right are stone houses with trees and fields in the distance. Leigh on Mendip Civil parish 514 Frome Rural District [39][14]
Stone building with square tower at left hand end. In the foreground are trees and gravestones. Litton Civil parish 240 Clutton Rural District [40][21]
Cast iron pump with its own tiled roof. Behind are two stone built thatched cottages. Lullington Civil parish 162 Frome Rural District [41][14]
Small shop with white surrounds to the windows set in the right hand building of a terrace. Lydford on Fosse Civil parish 511 Shepton Mallet Rural District [42][9]
Yellow stone building with tiled roof and arched doorway. Meare Civil parish 1,304 Wells Rural District [43][11]
Street of grey stone houses. The church tower can be seen n the background Mells Civil parish 638 Frome Rural District [44][14]
Stone church tower with flag pole. In the foreground are gravestones on grass. North Wootton Civil parish 317 Wells Rural District [45][11]
Norton St Philip Civil Parish 858 Frome Rural District [46][14]
Ruined stone castle with round towers at each corner. Nunney Civil parish 844 Frome Rural District [47][14]
Long stone building with buttressed walls and red tiled roof. Pilton Civil parish 998 Shepton Mallet Rural District [48][9]
Large area of green grass with stone farm buildings behind. In the centre is a small thatched wooden building. Priddy Civil parish 624 Wells Rural District [49][11]
Stone building with prominent square tower. Surrounded by trees and with green grass area in the foreground separated from the building by a stone wall. Pylle Civil parish 160 Shepton Mallet Rural District [50][9]
Street scene. Triangular area of grass with village sign on wooden post and stone cross behind. Stone houses with tiled roofs n the background. Rode Civil parish 1,025 Frome Rural District [51][14]
Stone building with square three stage tower at the left hand end. Trees to the right hand gravestones in front. Rodney Stoke Civil parish 1,326 Wells Rural District [52][11]
Selwood Civil parish 798 Frome Rural District [53][14]
Stone buildings seen behind trees and grass area with wooden fence in the foreground. Sharpham Civil parish 130 Wells Rural District [54][11]
Street scene with buildings on the left and right. In a central position is a stone arched building with a spire. Shepton Mallet Town 10,369 Shepton Mallet Urban District [55][56]
Stone building with square tower St Cuthbert Out Civil parish 3,749 Wells Rural District [57][11]
Gray bstone building with square tower to the left hand end, partially obscured by tree. In the foreground is a stone wall separating the church from the road. Stoke St Michael Civil parish 926 Shepton Mallet Rural District [58][9]
Stone building with square tower. Foreground is grass with gravestones. Ston Easton Civil parish 550 Clutton Rural District [59][21]
Gray stone building with square tower. Foreground is grass with gravestones. Stratton on the Fosse Civil parish 1,108 Shepton Mallet Rural District [60][9]
Paved shopping street with shops on either side. Green bollards Street Civil parish 11,805 Street Urban District [61][62]
Stone arched bridge with wooden handrail over river. Tellisford Civil parish 182 Frome Rural District [63][14]
Street scene. Red telephone box and telegraph pole. Stone buildings around road junction. Trudoxhill Civil parish 423 Frome Rural District [64][14]
Stone building with tower beyond field and stone wall. Upton Noble Civil parish 128 Frome Rural District [65][14]
White circular building with three windows, surrounded by vegetation. Walton Civil parish 1,106 Wells Rural District [66][11]
Street scene. Houses to left and right of road junction. Wanstrow Civil parish 489 Frome Rural District [67][14]
People at coloured market stalls. Surrounding are houses with the towers of the cathedral visible behind. Wells City 10,536 Wells Municipal Borough [68][11]
Yellow stone building with red tiled roof and square tower with short spire. Foreground is grass with gravestones. West Bradley Civil parish 277 Shepton Mallet Rural District [69][9]
Gray stone building with arched windows and square tower. Foreground is grass with gravestones. West Pennard Civil parish 670 Wells Rural District [70][11]
Stone building with square tower partially obscured by tree. Westbury Civil parish 801 Wells Rural District [71][11]
Stone building with archway through it for the road. Steps to wooden doorway on the first floor. Whatley Civil parish 245 Frome Rural District [72][14]
A row of cottages, partially obscured by vegetation. In the background is the bell tower of a much large building. Witham Friary Civil parish 399 Frome Rural District [73][14]
Two bay building with square tower with spirelet. In the foreground are gravestones in a grassy area. Wookey Civil parish 1,311 Wells Rural District [74][11]

Transport

Major roads

  • A37 from Bristol to Yeovil
  • A361 from the M5 to Frome
  • A371 from Weston-super-Mare to Wincanton
  • A39 from Bath to Bridgwater

Railways

Railway stations

East Somerset Railway

Railway stations

served by the East Somerset Railway.

Education

County schools (those which are not independent) in the five non-metropolitan districts of the county are operated by Somerset County Council.

For a full list of schools see: List of schools in Somerset

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "A Portrait of Mendip". Mendip District Council. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  2. ^ "Mendip Hills Natural Area profile" (PDF). English Nature. January 1998. Retrieved 2006-07-16. 
  3. ^ "Autumn newsletter 2007" (PDF). Mendip Hills AONB. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  4. ^ Dictionary of English Place Names
  5. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press Ltd.  
  6. ^ "Street Parish Council". Street Parish Council. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Somerset County Council. Mendip Parish Population Statistics [Retrieved 3 July 2008].
  8. ^ "Ashwick Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Shepton Mallet RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Baltonsborough Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Wells RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Batcombe Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "Beckington Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Frome RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Berkley Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Binegar Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  17. ^ "Buckland Dinham Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  18. ^ "Butleigh Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  19. ^ "Chewton Mendip Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  20. ^ "Chilcompton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c "Clutton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "Coleford Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  23. ^ "Cranmore Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  24. ^ "Croscombe Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  25. ^ "Ditcheat Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  26. ^ "Doulting Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  27. ^ "East Pennard Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  28. ^ "Emborough Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  29. ^ "Evercreech Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  30. ^ "Frome Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  31. ^ "Glastonbury Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  32. ^ "Glastonbury MB". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  33. ^ "Godney Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  34. ^ "Great Elm Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  35. ^ "Hemington Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  36. ^ "Holcombe Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  37. ^ "Kilmersdon Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  38. ^ "Lamyat Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  39. ^ "Leigh-on-Mendip Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  40. ^ "Litton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  41. ^ "Lullington Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  42. ^ "Lydford-on-Fosse Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  43. ^ "Meare Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  44. ^ "Mells Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  45. ^ "North Wootton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  46. ^ "Norton St Philip Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  47. ^ "Nunney Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  48. ^ "Pilton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  49. ^ "Priddy Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  50. ^ "Pylle Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  51. ^ "Rode Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  52. ^ "Rodney Stoke Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  53. ^ "Selwood Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  54. ^ "Sharpham Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  55. ^ "Shepton Mallet Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  56. ^ "Shepton Mallet UD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  57. ^ "St Cuthbert Out Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  58. ^ "Stoke St Michael Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  59. ^ "Ston Easton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  60. ^ "Stratton on the Fosse Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  61. ^ "Street Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  62. ^ "Street UD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  63. ^ "Tellisford Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  64. ^ "Trudoxhill Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  65. ^ "Upton Noble Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  66. ^ "Walton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  67. ^ "Wanstrow Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  68. ^ "Wells Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  69. ^ "West Bradley Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  70. ^ "West Pennard Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  71. ^ "Westbury Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  72. ^ "Whatley Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  73. ^ "Witham Friary Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  74. ^ "Wookey Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

External links

  • Mendip District Council
  • Mendip at DMOZ

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.