World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Meryibre Khety

Article Id: WHEBN0016174058
Reproduction Date:

Title: Meryibre Khety  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Neferkare, ninth dynasty, Nebkaure Khety, Wahkare Khety, Mekh, Setut
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Meryibre Khety

Meryibre Khety, also known by his Horus name Meryibtawy, was a pharaoh of the 9th or 10th dynasty of Egypt, during the First Intermediate Period.

Reign

Drawing of an ebony wand bearing the titulary of Meryibre Khety.

Some scholars[1][2][3][4] believe that Meryibre Khety was the founder of the 9th dynasty, a Herakleopolitan nomarch who gathered enough authority to claim himself the legitimate successor of the 6th dynasty pharaohs. It seems that Meryibre ruled over his neighboring nomarchs with an iron fist, and is likely to be for this reason that in later times this ruler became Manetho's infamous Achthoes,[3] a wicked king who went insane and then was killed by a crocodile.

Alternatively, other egyptologists such as Jürgen von Beckerath[5] believe instead that Meryibre reigned toward the end of the subsequent 10th dynasty, shortly before king Merikare.

Because of the contrasting opinions of scholars, Meryibre's reign is difficult to account and date with reliability; if he really was the founder of the 9th dynasty, his reign should have conventionally begun in c. 2160 BCE,[6] while in the second case his reign should have started about a century later.

Attestations

As his name is not mentioned in the Turin King List (probably because the papyrus is very scattered in this point), this ruler is known only for few objects: a sort of copper brazier or basket from a tomb near Abydos (found along with a scribe's palette bearing the name of king Merikare) and now exhibited at the Louvre Museum, an ebony wand from Meir now at the Cairo Museum (JE 42835), an ivory casket fragment from Lisht and some other minor finding.[2][3] Thanks to those few monuments, however, Meryibre's royal titulary is the most complete amongst the known pharaohs of this period.

References

  1. ^ Flinders Petrie, A History of Egypt from the Earliest Times to the XVIth Dynasty (1897), pp. 114-15.
  2. ^ a b Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs. An introduction, Oxford University Press, 1961, p. 112.
  3. ^ a b c William C. Hayes, in The Cambridge Ancient History, vol 1, part 2, 1971 (2008), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-077915, p. 464.
  4. ^ Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford, Blackwell Books, 1992, p. 140.
  5. ^ Jürgen von Beckerath, Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, 2nd edition, Mainz, 1999, p. 74.
  6. ^ William C. Hayes, op. cit., p. 996.

External links

  • Meryibre Khety's page on Eglyphica.net.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.