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Military-Political System of Samos

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Military-Political System of Samos

Military-Political System of Samos
Στρατοπολιτικόν Σύστημα Σάμου
Regional government in revolt against the Ottoman Empire, part of the Provisional Greek government

1821–1834


Flag

Capital Vathy
Languages Greek
Religion Greek Orthodox
Government Republic
President
 -  April 1821 – April 1828 Lykourgos Logothetis
 -  April 1828 – February 1829 Ioannis Kolettis
 -  February–October 1829 Dimitrios Christidis
 -  October 1829 – July 1830 Ioannis Kolettis
 -  July 1830 – 1833 Lykourgos Logothetis
History
 -  Established May 1821
 -  Administrative incorporation into Greece 1828–1830
 -  Disestablished August 1834

The Military-Political System of Samos (Greek: Στρατοπολιτικόν Σύστημα Σάμου) was a provisional regime that existed in the island of Samos during the Greek War of Independence.

Samos rose up against chiliarchies, with the General Governor as the commander-in-chief. Logothetis appointed four of his closest aides as the first chiliarchs, who appointed subordinate pentakosiarchs, and they in turn appointed subordinate hekatontarchs, etc.[1][2]

Nevertheless, the Greek provisional government that emerged from the First National Assembly at Epidaurus attempted to abolish the separate Samian institutions with its law on provincial administration 30 April 1822, and impose an appointed governor, Kyriakos Moralis. This led to a short civil war on the island, with the supporters of the local system winning out. With the exception of a short period in 1828–1830, during the governorship of Ioannis Kapodistrias, when Samos was administered as part of the Province of the Eastern Sporades, the island retained its autonomous political system.

Due to its proximity to the Anatolian shore and its distance from the main centres of the Greek Revolution on the Greek mainland, Samos was particularly vulnerable to Ottoman attack. With the crucial assistance of the Greek revolutionary fleet, the Samians were successful in repelling three Ottoman attempts at recapturing the island, in July 1821, August–September 1824 and July–August 1826.[3] The island, however, was not incorporated into the independent Kingdom of Greece. Instead, the island resumed its separate government until it was transformed into an autonomous tributary principality in 1834.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Επανάσταση του 1821 (1821-1834) (in Ελληνικά). Municipality of Samos. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, Τόμος ΙΒ′: Η ελληνική επανάσταση και η ίδρυση του ελληνικού κράτους (1821–1832) [History of the Greek Nation, Volume XII: The Greek Revolution and the founding of the Greek state (1821–1832)] (in Ελληνικά). Ekdotiki Athinon. 1975. p. 125. 
  3. ^ Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, Τόμος ΙΒ′: Η ελληνική επανάσταση και η ίδρυση του ελληνικού κράτους (1821–1832) [History of the Greek Nation, Volume XII: The Greek Revolution and the founding of the Greek state (1821–1832)] (in Ελληνικά). Ekdotiki Athinon. 1975. pp. 169, 367–370, 429–430. 

External links

  • "“Military-Political” System of Samos (1821)". Constitutions of the World Online. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  • Landros, Ch. ΣΤΡΑΤΟΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΟ ΣΥΣΤΗΜΑ: Το τοπικό πολίτευμα της Σάμου κατά την επανάσταση του 1821 (in Ελληνικά). Haravgi newspaper. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
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