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Military Council of National Salvation

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Title: Military Council of National Salvation  
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Subject: Government of Poland, Small Constitution of 1947, Szczecin Agreement, History of Poland (1945–89), Collectivization in the Polish People's Republic
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Military Council of National Salvation

"WRONa, WRONa über alles", a political leaflet caricature from the 1980s. The "crow" is wearing sunglasses much like General Jaruzelski often did

The Military Council of National Salvation (Polish: Wojskowa Rada Ocalenia Narodowego, abbreviated WRON) was a military junta administering the People's Republic of Poland during the period of the martial law in Poland (1981–1983).

The body was created on December 13, 1981, and was dissolved on July 22, 1983. It consisted of 21 members: 15 generals, one admiral and five colonels. Among the most notable members were generals Wojciech Jaruzelski, Florian Siwicki, Michał Janiszewski and Czesław Kiszczak. One member, Lt. Col. Mirosław Hermaszewski, was included without his consent and knowledge.

The rather unfortunate lettering of the Polish acronym (WRON; wrona means a crow in Polish) was immediately picked up by those that the regime sought to repress and widely used in a form of non-violent opposition: jokes. One saying was that "orła wrona nie pokona - the crow can't defeat the eagle" (the "White eagle" being the national symbol of Poland).


  • WRON at Portal Wiedzy Encyclopedia
  • Tygodnik Powszechny. Między sprawiedliwością a wymiarem sprawiedliwości by Mateusz Szpytma. 07.12.2011
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