World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Moldau River

Article Id: WHEBN0004748403
Reproduction Date:

Title: Moldau River  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Romantic music
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Moldau River

This article is about a river in the Czech Republic. For the symphonic poem, see Má vlast.
The Vltava's bend in Prague
Country Czech Republic
Regions South Bohemia, Central Bohemia
 - left Otava River, Berounka
 - right Lužnice, Sázava River
Cities Český Krumlov, České Budějovice, Prague
Source Černý potok
 - location Černá hora, Bohemian Forest
 - elevation 1,172 m (3,845 ft)
 - coordinates 58|29|N|13|33|39|E|type:river_region:CZ name=


Mouth Elbe
 - location Mělník
 - elevation 155 m (509 ft)
 - coordinates 20|29|N|14|28|30|E|type:river_region:CZ name=


Length 430 km (267 mi)
Basin 28,090 km2 (10,846 sq mi)
 - average 149.9 m3/s (5,294 cu ft/s)
The course and drainage basin of the Vltava from its source to its confluence with the Elbe (magenta)
The course and drainage basin of the Vltava from its source to its confluence with the Elbe (magenta)
Commons: Vltava

The Vltava (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvl̩tava]; German: Moldau, IPA: [ˈmɔldaʊ̯]) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, running north from its source near the German border in Šumava through Český Krumlov, České Budějovice, and Prague, merging with the Elbe at Mělník. It is 430 kilometres (270 mi) long and drains about 28,090 square kilometres (10,850 sq mi); at their confluence the Vltava actually has more water than the Elbe and is even much longer, but joins the Elbe at a right angle to its flow so that it appears a mere tributary. The river is crossed by 18 bridges (including the famous Charles Bridge, shown below) as it runs through Prague. It covers 31 kilometres (19 mi) within the city.[1] Several dams were built on it in the 1950s, the biggest being Lipno Dam in Šumava.

In August 2002 a flood of the Vltava killed several people and caused massive damage and disruption along its length.

The best-known of the classical Czech composer Bedřich Smetana's set of six symphonic poems Má vlast ("My Motherland") is called Vltava (or The Moldau), and is a musical depiction of the river's course through Bohemia.

Physical description

The height difference from source to mouth is about 1,016 metres (3,333 ft) and the largest stream at the source is named Černý Potok (Black Brook).

Error creating thumbnail: Invalid thumbnail parameters or image file with more than 12.5 million pixels
The Vltava as it flows under Charles Bridge in Prague


Both the Czech name Vltava and the German name Moldau are believed to originate from the old Germanic words *wilt ahwa[2] ("wild water") (cf. Latin aqua). In Annales Fuldenses (872 AD) it is called Fuldaha; from 1113 AD it is attested as Wultha. In Chronica Boemorum (1125 AD) it is attested for the first time in its bohemised form as Wlitaua.


A minor planet 2123 Vltava discovered in 1973 by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh is named after the river.[3]

The Moldau#Vltava is also a famous symphonic poem by Bedřich Smetana, which inspired a song by Bertolt Brecht. An English version of it, by John Willett, is worded Deep down in the Moldau the pebbles are shifting/ In Prague three dead emperors moulder away.[4]


External links

  • Geographic data related to OpenStreetMap
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.