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Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights

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Title: Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Aleksander Hall, Leszek Moczulski, Anti-communist resistance in Poland, Polish underground press, Solidarity (Polish trade union)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights

Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights (People's Republic of Poland in March 1977. It tried to resist the regime by denouncing it for violating Polish and international laws including the Constitution of the People's Republic of Poland and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.


The declaration, issued and presented to the press on March 26, 1977, was signed by 18 people, among them political prisoners and providing members of the anti-Communist opposition with brochures explaining their rights. Among such secretly-published books were also so-called handbooks to arrest, that is instructions on how to behave when arrested by the militia or the Urząd Bezpieczeństwa. ROPCiO also organized a net of legal advisors and published several magazines, mostly underground.

On September 16, 1978 a part of ROPCiO members led by Leszek Moczulski left the movement and established the ZINO movement, which later broke down onto the Confederation of Independent Poland, Movement of Young Poland and Movement of Free Democrats. The remainder of ROPCiO gradually melted into the structures of the Solidarity after its forming.

See also


  • ISBN 83-60464-10-3
  • ISBN 83-7188-902-X

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