World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī

Article Id: WHEBN0001741105
Reproduction Date:

Title: Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world, Arab astronomers, Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī, Persian astronomers, List of mathematicians (I)
Collection: 8Th-Century Astrologers, 8Th-Century Astronomers, 8Th-Century Iranian People, 8Th-Century Mathematicians, Arab Astronomers, Arab Translators, Astrologers of Medieval Islam, Astronomers of Medieval Islam, Mathematicians of Medieval Islam, Medieval Arab Astrologers, Medieval Arab Mathematicians, Medieval Arab Philosophers, Medieval Persian Astrologers, Medieval Persian Mathematicians, Persian Astronomers, Persian Philosophers, Persian Translators, Year of Birth Missing, Year of Death Missing, Year of Death Uncertain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī

Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari (died 796 or 806) was a Muslim philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.[1][2] He is not to be confused with his father Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī, also an astronomer and mathematician.

Some sources refer to him as an Arab,[3][4][5][6] other sources state that he was a Persian.[7][8][9]

Al-Fazārī translated many scientific books into Arabic and Persian.[10] He is credited to have built the first astrolabe in the Islamic world.[8]

Along with Yaʿqūb ibn Ṭāriq and his father he helped translate the Indian astronomical text by Brahmagupta (fl. 7th century), the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta, into Arabic as Az-Zīj ‛alā Sinī al-‛Arab.,[11] or the Sindhind. This translation was possibly the vehicle by means of which the Hindu numerals were transmitted from India to Islam.[12]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ * H. Suter: Die Mathematiker und Astronomen der Araber (p. 4, 1900).
  2. ^ * Introduction to the History of Science by George Sarton – Page 524
  3. ^ Scott L. Montgomery. Science in Translation: movements of knowledge through cultures and time. p. 81.
  4. ^ Abramovich, Boris et al. History of Civilizations of Central Asia. pp. 177–178.
  5. ^ Pingree, David (1970). The Fragments of the Works of Al-Fazari. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 103–123.
  6. ^ Yaqut al-Hamawi. Irshad al-Arib Fi Ma'rifat al-Adib. Ed. D. S. Margoliouth. "E. J. W. Ser.," 6. Vol. 6. 2d ed. London, 1931.
  7. ^ * The Root of Europe: studies in the diffusion of Greek culture by Ralph Westwood Moore, Michael Huxley – 1952 – Page 48
  8. ^ a b * Richard N. Frye, The Golden Age of Persia, p. 163.
  9. ^ * From Freedom to Freedom: African roots in American soils : selected readings – by Ervin Lewis, Mildred Bain
  10. ^ * Glimpses of Islamic History and Culture by M. D. Zafar – 1987 – Page 331
  11. ^ E. S. Kennedy, A Survey of Islamic Astronomical Tables, (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series, 46, 2), Philadelphia, 1956, pp. 2, 7, 12 (zijes no. 2, 28, 71).
  12. ^ * D. E. Smith and L. C. Karpinski: The Hindu-Arabic Numerals (Boston, 1911), p.92.).

External links

  • Plofker, Kim (2007). "Fazārī: Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al‐Fazārī". In Thomas Hockey; et al. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer. pp. 362–3. (PDF version)  
  •  
  • Cantor: Geschichte der Mathematik (I, 3rd ed., 698, 1907).


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.