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Muhammad Bal'ami

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Title: Muhammad Bal'ami  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Abd al-Malik I (Samanid emir), Shihab al-Din Muhammad al-Nasawi, Nizam al-Din Nishapuri, Burhan al-Din al-Marghinani, Al-Bayhaqi
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Muhammad Bal'ami

Abu Ali Muhammad Bal'ami (Persian: ابو علی محمد‎‎), also called Amirak Bal'ami (امیرک بلعمی) and Bal'ami-i Kuchak (بلعمی کوچک, "Bal'ami the Younger"), was a Persian historian, writer, and vizier to the Samanids.


He was born in Lashjerd in the district of Marv, then part of the Samanid Empire. He was the son of Abu'l-Fadl al-Bal'ami (also called Bal'am-i Buzurg; “Bal'ami the Elder”).[1] Muhammad was appointed vizier during the late reign of Abd al-Malik I (r. 954-961) and he kept holding the office under Abd al-Malik's successor Mansur I (r. 961-976). According to Gardizi, Muhammad died in March 974 while serving in office, but according to the Persian historian al-Utbi, he was later removed the vizierate office, but was reappointed as the vizier of Nuh II (r. 976-997), but later retired in 992, and later died at an unknown between his retirement to 997.


Muhammad's most famous work is Tarikh-e Bal'ami, which is a translation of Tabari's History of the Prophets and Kings. It contains supplementary material, some of which is

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