World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Myrina (Aeolis)

Μυρίνα (Ancient Greek)
Ancient Myrina was located on the Beriki Tepe hill, on the left bank of the Pytikos River.
Myrina (Aeolis) is located in Turkey
Myrina (Aeolis)
Shown within Turkey
Location Aliağa, Izmir Province, Turkey
Region Mysia
Type Settlement
Associated with Agathias

Myrina (Ancient Greek: Μυρίνα), was one of the Aeolian cities on the western coast of Mysia, about 40 stadia to the southwest of Gryneion.[1] Its site is believed to be occupied by the modern Sandarlik at the mouth of the Koca Çay,[2] near the town of Aliağa in Izmir Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.


  • History 1
  • Famous residents 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


A terracotta figurine of a harpocratic Eros from Myrina, ca. 100–50 BC.
A terracotta figurine of a grotesque, 2nd-century BC. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.

It is said to have been founded by one Myrinus before the other Aeolian cities,[3] or by the Amazon Myrina.[4] Artaxerxes gave Gryneium and Myrina to Gongylus, an Eretrian, who had been banished from his native city for favoring the interests of Persia.[5]

Myrina was a very strong place,[6] though not very large, and had a good harbor.[7] Syncellus, it was also called Smyrna. An inscription (Bulletin de correspondance hellenique, V, 283) tells us that Myrina formed part of the Kingdom of Pergamon in the 3rd century BC. For some time Myrina was occupied by Philip V of Macedon; but the Romans compelled him to evacuate it, and declared the place free.[9] It twice suffered severe earthquakes; first in the reign of Tiberius,[10] on which occasion it received a remission of duties on account of the loss it had sustained; and a second time in the reign of Trajan.[11] The town was restored each time, and continued to exist until a late period.[12] It was the birthplace of Agathias, a Byzantine poet and historian of the 6th century. Myrina minted coins in antiquity, some of which survive.

Under Roman rule, Myrina was part of the Roman province of Asia and its bishopric was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Ephesus. The names of some of its bishops are known: Dorotheus, 431; Proterius, 451; John, 553; Cosmas, 787.[13] It still existed as a residential see in the 14th century, but is now included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[14]

The site of Myrina was discovered at the mouth of the river that was the ancient Pythicos, whose alluvia have covered what was the city's harbour. Excavations (1880-1882) brought to light about four thousand tombs, dating from the last two centuries BC, in which were found numerous objects representing the divinities of the Greek pantheon; children's toys, reproductions of famous works, etc.: most of these may be seen today in the Museum of the Louvre.

Famous residents


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
  1. ^ Herod. i. 149.
  2. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 56 & notes.
  3. ^ Mela, i. 18.
  4. ^ Strabo xi. p. 505, xii. p. 573, xiii. p. 623; Diod. iii. 54.
  5. ^ Xenoph. Hellen. iii. 1. § 4.
  6. ^ Liv. xxxiii. 30.
  7. ^ Scylax, p. 36; Agath. Praef. p. 9, ed. Bonn.
  8. ^ v. 32.
  9. ^ Liv. l. c,; Polyb. xviii. 27.
  10. ^ Tac. Ann. ii. 47.
  11. ^ Oros. vii. 12.
  12. ^ Steph. Byz. s. v.; Ptol. v. 2. § 6; Apollon. Rhod. i. 604; Hierocl. p. 661; Geogr. Rav. v. 9, where it is called Myrenna, while in the Peut. Tab. it bears the name Marinna.)
  13. ^ Le Quien, "Oriens Christ.", I, 705
  14. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 931

External links

  •, Ancient coins of Myrina
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.