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NIE (resistance)

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Title: NIE (resistance)  
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Subject: Cursed soldiers, Witold Pilecki, Anti-communist resistance in Poland, History of Poland (1945–89), Home Army
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NIE (resistance)

NIE, short for Niepodległość ("Independence"),[1] "NIE" means also "NO" in Polish - was a Witold Pilecki.

Origins of the organization date back to the second half of 1943, when on September 27, the Home Army, and among those involved were General Tadeusz Komorowski, and Polish Commander in Chief, General Kazimierz Sosnkowski. Members of NIE were carefully selected, and ordered to break their ties with soldiers of the Home Army.

In May 1944, General Leopold Okulicki was named commander of NIE. The organization however failed to achieve its objectives, due to the Wehrmacht. On November 22, 1944, General Okulicki was ordered to create a conspirational network in Eastern Borderlands, but his efforts failed. On January 16, 1945, a meeting of General Okulicki, General Fieldorf, Jan Stanislaw Jankowski and Stanislaw Jasiukowicz took place in Krakow. On March 7, however, Fieldorf was arrested by the NKVD, and sent to Siberia. On March 27, the Soviets arrested Okulicki (see Trial of the Sixteen). After these arrests, NIE was briefly commanded by Colonel Antoni Sanojca, who, with permission of General Wladyslaw Anders, dissolved it on May 7, 1945.

According to its statutes, NIE was an organization aimed at long-term anti-Communist activities. It concentrated on self-defense, propaganda, and gathering information, also about the morale of soldiers of both the Red Army, and the Armia Ludowa. NIE did not plan any guerilla activity.


  1. ^ Jerzy Eisler, Zarys dziejów politycznych Polski 1944-1989, Warszawa 1991
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