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Operation Solomon

Ethiopian Jews disembarking from a jet plane at an Israeli Air Force base, 24 May 1991.

Operation Solomon (Hebrew: מִבְצָע שלמה, Mivtza Shlomo) was a covert Israeli military operation to airlift Ethiopian Jews to Israel in 1991. Non-stop flights of 35 Israeli aircraft, including Israeli Air Force C-130s and El Al Boeing 747s, transported 14,325 Ethiopian Jews to Israel in 36 hours.[1]


  • History 1
  • Operation 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6


In 1991, the sitting

  • Jewish Agency for Israel The Jewish Agency has been responsible for the aliyah from around the world since 1948

External links

  • Naomi Samuel (1999). The Moon is Bread. Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 965-229-212-5
  • Shmuel Yilma (1996). From Falasha to Freedom: An Ethiopian Jew's Journey to Jerusalem. Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 965-229-169-2
  • Alisa Poskanzer (2000). Ethiopian Exodus. Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 965-229-217-6
  • Baruch Meiri (2001). The Dream Behind Bars: The Story of the Prisoners of Zion from Ethiopia. Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 965-229-221-4
  • Stephen Spector (2005). Operation Solomon: The Daring Rescue of the Ethiopian Jews. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-517782-4; reviewed by George Jochnowitz in the September/October 2005 issue of Midstream
  • Ricki Rosen (2006). Transformations: From Ethiopia to Israel. ISBN 965-229-377-6
  • Gad Shimron (2007). Mossad Exodus: The Daring Undercover Rescue of the Lost Jewish Tribe . Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 978-965-229-403-6
  • Asher Naim (2003). "Saving the Lost Tribe: The Rescue and Redemption of the Ethiopian Jews" Ballantine Publishing Group. ISBN 0-345-45081-7

Further reading

  1. ^ a b c d e "Ethiopian Jews and Israelis Exult as Airlift Is Completed". May 26, 1991. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Remarks at the Awards Presentation Ceremony for Emigration Assistance to Ethiopian Jews June 4, 1991.". EBSCOhost. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Statement by Press Secretary Fitzwater on the Airlift of Ethiopian Jews to Israel May 24, 1991.". EBSCOhost. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "EXODUS.". EBSCOhost. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Cf. Lungen, Paul. Canadian Jewish News, November 17, 2005.


See also

Operation Solomon airlifted almost twice as many Ethiopian Jews to Israel as Operation Moses. The operation set a world record for single-flight passenger load on May 24, 1991, when an El Al 747 carried 1,122 passengers to Israel (1,087 passengers were registered, but dozens of children hid in their mothers' robes). "Planners expected to fill the aircraft with 760 passengers. Because the passengers were so light, many more were squeezed in."[5] Five babies were born aboard the planes.[1]

Upon arrival, the passengers cheered and rejoiced. Twenty-nine-year-old Mukat Abag said, "We didn't bring any of our clothes, we didn't bring any of our things, but we are very glad to be here."[1]

The operation was kept secret by military censorship.[1] In order to accommodate as many people as possible, airplanes were stripped of their seats and up to 1,122 passengers were boarded on a single plane. Many of the immigrants came with nothing except their clothes and cooking instruments, and were met by ambulances, with 140 frail passengers receiving medical care on the tarmac. Several pregnant women gave birth on the plane, and they and their babies were rushed to the hospital.[4]


[2] Also involved in the Israeli and Ethiopian governments’ attempts to facilitate the operation was a group of American diplomats led by Senator


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