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Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland

Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

The Grand Cross of Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
Awarded by the President of Poland
Country  Poland
Type Five grade order
Awarded for Service in improving relations between nations
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
Established April 10, 1974 (Revised October 16, 1992)
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of the Cross of Independence
Next (lower) Cross of Valour

Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland ribbon

The Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a Polish order awarded to those who have rendered great service to the Polish nation. It is granted to foreigners or Poles resident abroad and as such is a traditional 'diplomatic order'. It was created in 1974.

History

Sir Edmund Hillary wearing the Commander's Cross in 2004

The order was established by the act dated April 10, 1974, as the Order of Merit of the People's Republic of Poland (Order Zasługi Polskiej Rzeczypospolitej Ludowej). It was awarded in five classes: Grand Cordon of the Order, Commandery with Star, Commandery, Gold Badge of the Order, and Silver Badge of the Order. It was awarded by the Polish Council of State.

The People's Republic of Poland version of the order (5th class)

After the fall of communism in Poland in 1989, it was decided to retain the order, with necessary changes. Without a formal change of the 1974 act or the name of the order, the insignia were changed to the present ones by a presidential decree of 16 April 1991. The abbreviation "PRL" was changed to "RP," the Eagle was given a crown in accordance with Poland's new coat of arms, the date "1974" was removed from the reverse, and the color of the ribbon was changed from light cobalt blue to dark cobalt.

Under the act dated October 16, 1992, the order was reestablished under the name Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej).

Under the 1992 act, the order is awarded to foreigners or Poles resident abroad for distinguished contribution to international cooperation or cooperation between Poland and other countries. It is awarded by the President of Poland.

Degrees

From 1974 to 1991 the Order was awarded in following classes:


Since 1992 the Order is awarded in the following classes:[1]

References

  1. ^ In 1991-1992 period the names of the classes were:
    • 1st class - Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 2nd class - Commandery with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 3rd class - Commandery of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 4th class - Gold Badge of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 5th class - Silver Badge of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
  • Polish Law of 16 April 1991 (Dz.U. 1991 nr 43 poz. 190) (in Polish)
  • Polish Law of 16 October 1992 (Dz.U. 1992 nr 90 poz. 450) (in Polish)
  • Polish Law of 10 November 1992 (Dz.U. 1992 nr 90 poz. 452) (in Polish)
  • Person decorated with "Officer Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland"
  • News release that includes persons decorated with "Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland" at president.pl
  • Named changed to "ORDER OF MERIT OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND" at geocities.com/polishnobles/merit
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