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Orders, decorations, and medals of France


Orders, decorations, and medals of France

This is a list of some of the modern orders, decorations and medals of France. Some like the Legion of Honour are awarded to both the armed forces and civilians. Others are decorations of a pure civilian or military character. Only four of the 19 Ministerial orders have survived the reform of the French system of decorations in 1963. The others were replaced by the Ordre national du Mérite.


  • National orders 1
  • Civilian distinctions 2
  • Military decorations 3
  • Commemorative medals 4
    • 19th century 4.1
    • 1900–1914 4.2
    • 1st World War (1914–1918) 4.3
    • Between the two wars (1918–1939) 4.4
    • Second World War (1939–1945) 4.5
    • After 1945 4.6
  • Abolished or dormant Orders 5
    • Ministerial Orders 5.1
    • Colonial Orders 5.2
  • See also 6

National orders

Legion of Honour Order of Liberation National Order of Merit
Order of Academic Palms Order of Arts and Letters Order of Agricultural Merit Order of Maritime Merit

Civilian distinctions

Insignia for wounded civilians Honour medal of the National Police Honour medal for firefighters Honour medal for courage and devotion Medal of the French Family Honour medal of railroads
Honour medal for work Regional, departmental and municipal honour medal Honour medal for youth, sports and associative engagements Honour medal for civilian personnel of the defense ministry - ARMY Honour medal for civilian personnel of the defense ministry - NAVY Honour medal for civilian personnel of the defense ministry - AIR FORCE

Military decorations

Military Medal War Cross (1914–1918) War Cross (1939–1945) War Cross for foreign operational theaters Cross for Military Valour Medal of the Gendarmerie nationale
Resistance Medal Escapees' Medal Volunteer combatant's cross 1914–1918 Volunteer combatant's cross Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant Combatant's Cross
Aeronautical Medal Overseas Medal Medal for voluntary military service National Defence Medal Insignia for the Military Wounded Military Health Service honour medal

Commemorative medals

19th century

Saint Helena Medal Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition Commemorative medal of the 1862 Mexico Expedition Commemorative medal of the 1870–1871 War
First Madagascar campaign medal 1883 Tonkin Expedition commemorative medal 1883–1885 Dahomey Expedition commemorative medal 1892 Second Madagascar campaign medal 1894–1895 Colonial Medal


1901 China expedition commemorative medal Morocco commemorative medal (1909)

1st World War (1914–1918)

1914–1918 Inter-Allied Victory medal 1914–1918 Commemorative war medal Dardanelles campaign medal Orient campaign medal
Medal of French Gratitude Medal for civilian prisoners, deportees and hostages of the 1914-1918 Great War Medal for victims of the invasion

Between the two wars (1918–1939)

Syria-Cilicia commemorative medal

Second World War (1939–1945)

1939–1945 Commemorative war medal 1943–1944 Italian campaign medal Medal of a liberated France
Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France Deported for acts of resistance medal Interned for acts of resistance medal Political deportee's medal Political internee's medal Defaulter's medal

After 1945

United Nations operations in Korea commemorative medal Indochina Campaign commemorative medal Middle East operations commemorative medal North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal North Africa medal French commemorative medal
United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon medal Medal of the Nation's Gratitude
Médaille de la FINUL (recto)

Abolished or dormant Orders

Ministerial Orders

Order of Combatant Merit Order of Military Merit Order of Civil Merit Order of Social Merit Order of Working Merit
Order of Touristic Merit Order of the National Economy Order of Commercial & Industrial Merit Order of Artisanal Merit Order of Public Health
Order of Postal Merit Order of Sporting Merit

Colonial Orders

Indochinese Order of Merit Saharan Order of Merit Order of the Black Star Order of the Star of Anjouan Order of Nichan el Anouar
Order of the Dragon of Annam Royal Order of Cambodia Order of Tahiti Nui

See also

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