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Orders, decorations, and medals of Spain

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Title: Orders, decorations, and medals of Spain  
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Orders, decorations, and medals of Spain

The oldest Military Honours of Spain existing today originated mainly at the time of the Islamic occupation of Spain.

Contents

  • Historical Orders of Chivalry 1
  • Current Orders of Chivalry 2
    • Dynastic Order 2.1
  • Military Decorations 3
  • Civil Decorations 4
    • Background 4.1
    • Politics & Justice 4.2
    • Culture & Society 4.3
    • Social Affairs 4.4
    • Security 4.5
    • Socioeconomics 4.6
    • Regions 4.7
    • Others 4.8
  • Obsolete Orders 5
  • References 6

Historical Orders of Chivalry

Crown of Aragón

Crown of Castile

Current Orders of Chivalry

The Catholic Monarchs Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon introduced a military honours system which was approved by the Pope Adrian V in 1523. They awarded titles and hereditary honours to nobles and soldiers. Of those titles only the following still exist today:

Dynastic Order

Military Decorations

Other Military Awards

International Military Decorations

Obsolete

Obsolete International Military Decorations

Civil Decorations

Background

  • The Real Orden de Isabel la Católica (Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic), established by Fernand VII in 1815, to “reward unflinching loyalty to Spain and the merits of Spanish and foreign subjects in benefit of the Nation and especially those services relating to the prosperity of the American and other overseas territories”. The decoration is currently the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • The Orden del Mérito Civil (Order of Civil Merit), established by Alfonso XIII in 1926 to “reward the civic virtues of civil servants as well as the extraordinary services to the Nation of Spanish and foreign subjects”. It too is currently the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Politics & Justice

  • The Orden de la Cruz de San Raimundo de Peñafort (Order of the Cross of Saint Raymond of Penyafort), established in 1944 to “reward relevant merits performed by those persons involved in the administration of Justice and for their contribution and study of all branches of Law and for the untarnished services to judicial activities under the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice.[7] Depende de la Subsecretaría de Justicia, a través de la División de Tramitación de Derechos de Gracia y Otros Derechos, y dentro de la orden existen diversas cruces y medallas.[8]
  • [9]
  • The Orden de Cisneros (Order of Cisneros), founded in 1944 to reward political merit. It is one of the least known decorations still in existence today.[10]
  • The Real Orden de Reconocimiento Civil a las Víctimas del Terrorismo (Royal Order for Civil Recognition of the Victims of Terrorism), created in 1991, in order to honour those killed, wounded or kidnapped by terrorists. It consists of a Crand Cross, that can be awarded posthumously to the deceased and a Comendation, for those injured and kidnapped.[11]

Culture & Society

Social Affairs

  • [12]
  • The Orden Civil de Sanidad (Civil Order of Health), created in 1943 to replace the old Cross of Epidemias, to the end of “rewarding service and merit in the ambit of medical care or in the course of assistance in fighting epidemias”.[13]
  • The Orden al Mérito del Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (Order of Merit of the National Drug Plan), established in 1995, it comprises 3 levels: Gold medal, for those who “have distinguished themselves in the performance of their activities or for achievements of special significance or importance, or that entailed a risk to their life, both in prevention, assistance, reinsertion or in combating drug trafficking as well as its consequences or derived illicit earnings”; Silver medal, for those “having carried out or carrying out noteworthy activities with continued dedication and solidarity, in the above mentioned areas, taking into account their real results”; White cross, for those “having shown exemplary and significant dedication in the above mentioned reas”.[14]
  • The [15]
  • The Medalla al Mérito Social Penitenciario (Medal of Social Penitentiary Merit), introduced in 1996, intended to reward those individuals or institutions that have contributed to the prison rehabilitation.[16]

Security

Socioeconomics

Regions

Autonomous cities

Others

Obsolete Orders

References

  1. ^ Pasamar Lázaro, J.E. (1996). "Inquisición en Aragón, la Cofradía de San Pedro Mártir de Verona". Revista de la Inquisición (in Spanish) (Universidad Complutense): 303–305. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Granado Hijelmo, Ignacio (2005). Las Instituciones Nobiliarias Riojanas: Un Capítulo en la Historia Institucional de la Rioja y el Derecho Nobiliario Español (in Spanish). Hidalguía. pp. 40, 41. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Real e Insigne Orden del Toisón de Oro, accessed January 12, 2009.
  4. ^ La insigne Orden del Toisón de Oro, historical summary of the history of Order of the Golden Fleece, accessed January 12, 2009.
  5. ^ .of December 10, by that approved rules for ordinary processing and concession of the Crosses of the Military, Naval and Aeronautical Merit, with white badge, and of the honorific mentions, the delegation of competitions in this matter, and use of representative decorations of rewards.Orden del Ministerio de Defensa /3594/2003, BOE (03/12/23). (Spanish) Accessed December 25, 2012.
  6. ^ of 19 July, Professional Military Personnel RegulationLaw 17/1989, . BOE (20/07/1989). Accessed December 25, 2012.
  7. ^ Orden de la Cruz de San Raimundo de Peñafort, accessed January 12, 2009.
  8. ^ Sede electrónica del Ministerio de Justicia, the Order of San Raimundo de Peñafort, accessed January 12, 2009.
  9. ^ Orden reguladora de dicha condecoración, accessed January 12, 20099.
  10. ^ Heraldaria, Orders of Merit; decorations. accessed January 12, 2009.
  11. ^ Condecoraciones españolas, the Royal Order of Civil Recognition of Victims of Terrorism, accessed January 12, 2009.
  12. ^ Orden Civil de la Solidaridad Social, accessed January 12, 2009.
  13. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, Royal Decree 1270/1983 regulating the said Order, accessed January 12, 2009.
  14. ^ Legislación española sobre Drogas, accessed January 12, 2009.
  15. ^ of 29th of june, Civil Order of Environmental MeritRoyal Decree 1036/2009, . BOE (09/07/23). (Spanish) Accessed December 4, 2012.
  16. ^ Medallas, accessed January 12, 2009.
  17. ^ (Spanish) Order of the Merit of the Civil Guard Corps Statutes and Regulations. BOE (2012-10-25), accessed October 28, 2012.
  18. ^ (Spanish) Order of Police Merit Statutes and Regulations, www.policia.es, accessed September 28, 2010.
  19. ^ (Spanish) OrderINT/1409/2011, 10 may Service Police Decoration Regulations., accessed November 13, 2012.
  20. ^ Medalla de las Cortes de Aragón - Cortes de Aragón(Spanish) Retrieved 2012-12-04.
  21. ^ (Spanish) Order of the Second of May Statutes and Regulations. Community of Madrid Official Website, accessed October 28, 2012.
  22. ^ (Spanish) Cross of the Tree of Gernika - Basque Government (Spanish)
  23. ^ Panorama numismático, the Civil Order of María Victoria (1871-1873), accessed January 12, 2009.
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