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Title: Pecsæte  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Anglo-Saxon England, Heptarchy
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The Pecsætan, peaklanders or peakrills were an Anglo Saxon tribe who inhabited the central and northern parts of the Peak District area in England.[1] The area was historically the home of the southern clan of the Brigantes, a Brythonic tribe, before the Anglo-Saxon invasion. The very early Derbyshire settlements, in what is now known as the Peak District, were those of the West Angles. This tribe advanced up the valleys of the rivers Derwent and Dove during their northern conquests in the 6th century. They became known locally as the Pecsætan.[2] Later their territory formed the northern division of Mercia, and in 848 the Mercian Witenagemot assembled at Repton.[2]


Though the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article refers to the Pecsætan, the more widely accepted terminology seems to be Pecsætna, as referred to in the British Library, MS Harley 3271, f. 6v document [3] of the 7th century Tribal Hidage .

Henry Spelman's Archæologus in modum Glosarii ad rem antiquam posteriorem, which was published in London in 1626 [3] cites the Pec-setna.


Further reading

  • Bigsby, R (1854) Historical and Topographical Description of Repton. London.
  • Collis, J. (1983) Wigber Low Derbyshire: A Bronze Age and Anglian Burial site in the White Peak. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.
  • Davies, W. and Vierk, H. "The contexts of Tribal Hidage: social aggregates and settlement patterns", in Frühmittelalterliche Studien, viii (1974)
  • Dumville,D. "The Tribal Hidage: an introduction to its texts and their history", in The Origins of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms ed. S.Bassett, 1989. ISBN 0-7185-1317-7
  • Fowler, M. J. (1954) "The Anglian Settlement of the Derbyshire and Staffordshire Peak District." DAJ 74, 134-151.
  • Hart, C. R. (1981) The North Derbyshire Archaeological Survey. Leeds: A. Wigley & Sons
  • Hodges, R. and Wildgoose, M. (1980) "Roman or native in the White Peak", in Branigan, K. (ed) Rome and the Brigantes, 48-53. Sheffield, Sheffield University Press.
  • Hodges,R. (1991a) "Notes on the Medieval Archaeology of the White Peak." In R. Hodges and K. Smith (eds) Recent Developments in the Archaeology of the Peak District :111-22 (Sheffield Archaeological Monographs 2) Sheffield.
  • Hughes, R. G (1961) "Archaeological Sites in the Trent Valley, South Derbyshire" DAJ 81, 149-50.
  • Jones, H. (1997) The Region of Derbyshire and North Staffordshire from AD350 to AD700: an analysis of Romano-British and Anglian barrow use in the White Peak. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
  • Ozanne, A. (1962-3) "The Peak Dwellers" Medieval Archaeology 6-7, 15-52.
  • Roffe, D. (1986b) "The Origins of Derbyshire" DAJ 106, 102-112.
  • Rollason et al.
  • Routh, T. (1937) "A Corpus of the Pre-Conquest Carved Stones of Derbyshire" DAJ 58, 1-46.
  • Sidebottom, P.C. (1994), Schools of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture in the North Midlands. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield.
  • Sidebottom P.C (1999) "Stone Crosses in the Peak and the Sons of Eadwulf." DAJ 119, 206-19.
  • Stenton, F. (1905) "Introduction to the Derbyshire Domesday", in W. Page (ed) The Victoria History of the County of Derbyshire. London.
  • Unwin, T. (1988) "Towards a model of Anglo-Scandinavian rural settlement in England", in Hooke, D. (ed) Anglo-Saxon Settlements, 77-98.
  • Yorke, B. (1990) Kings and Kingdoms of Early Anglo-Saxon England, London: Seaby.

External links

  • East Midlands Archaeological Research Framework: Resource Assessment of Anglo-Saxon Derbyshire, An Archaeological Resource Assessment of Anglo-Saxon Derbyshire, by Dave Barrett, Derbyshire County Council
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