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Pilar Nores de García

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Pilar Nores de García

Pilar Nores
First Lady of Peru
In office
July 28, 2006 – July 28, 2011
Preceded by Eliane Karp
Succeeded by Nadine Heredia
Personal details
Born María del Pilar Nores Bodereau
(1949-03-11) March 11, 1949 (age 65)
Cordoba, Argentina
Citizenship Peruvian
Argentine
Spouse(s) Alan García
Children Josefina García
Gabriela García
Luciana Victoria García
Alan Raúl García
Residence Lima
Alma mater University of Cordoba
London School of Economics
Profession Economist

María del Pilar Nores Bodereau de García (born March 11, 1949) is an Argentine economist. Married to the President of Peru, Alan García, she was that nation's First Lady on two occasions.[1]

Biography

Born in Córdoba, Argentina, Pilar Nores was the thirteenth of fourteen children of a traditional family; her father, Rogelio Nores Martínez, served as interim Governor of Córdoba from 1962 to 1963, and was Director of the National University of Córdoba from 1967 to 1970. She completed her primary and secondary education at the Alejandro Carbó School, obtaining her high school diploma at the Manuel Belgrano High School. She enrolled at the National University of Córdoba, and earned a degree in Economics in 1969. She traveled in 1976 to Madrid, where she attended a seminar and met Alan García, a Peruvian lawyer and APRA activist. They were married in 1978, and returned to Peru, where Alan García would be elected to Congress in 1980, and as President of Peru in 1985. The couple would have four children: three daughters, Josefina, Gabriela del Pilar and Luciana Victoria; and a son, Alan Raúl Simón. A first cousin of her father, Víctor Hipólito Martínez, served as Vice President of Argentina from 1983 to 1989.

During her husband's first presidential period (1985–1990) she created and directed the non-profit Fundación por los Niños del Perú (Foundation for the Children of Peru), a non-governmental organization working with abandoned children. She also initiated and directed the Programa de Asistencia Directa (Direct Assistance Program), a government program promoting the economic and social development of women and infants in Peru.

She created the Instituto Trabajo y Familia (Institute for Labor and Family - ITYF) in 2001, a non-profit NGO that promotes social and productive development. She started the Juvenile Violence Program to develop and implement prevention plans against juvenile delinquency in the most difficult districts of Lima. Returning as First Lady upon her husband's election in 2006, Mrs. Nores de García had the First Lady's Office terminated. She instead inaugurated the Sembrando Program, a plan that works with the families of Andean communities in Peru, many of whom live in extreme poverty. Installing over 92,000 kitchen and sanitation fixtures in impoverished homes, Sembrando (Sowing) promotes job training and technological innovation to enhance productivity and social development in these communities.

She and Alan García were separated in 2010, and upon the end of his tenure in 2011, she retired as First Lady with high approval ratings among the Peruvian public.

References


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