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Polish parliamentary election, 1997

 

Polish parliamentary election, 1997

Polish parliamentary election, 1997

21 September 1997

All 460 seats in the Sejm
231 seats were needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats in the Senate
Turnout 47.9%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Marian Krzaklewski Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz Leszek Balcerowicz
Party AWS SLD UW
Leader since 8 June 1996 Candidate for PM April 2005
Leader's seat Katowice Białystok Katowice
Last election Did not exist 171 seats, 20.4% 74 seats, 14.6%*
Seats won 201 164 60
Seat change 201 7 14
Popular vote 4,427,373 3,551,224 1,749,518
Percentage 33.8% 27.1% 13.4%
Swing 33.8% 6.7% 1.2%*

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Waldemar Pawlak Jan Olszewski Ryszard Bugaj
Party PSL ROP UP
Leader since 29 June 1991 18 November 1995 1992
Leader's seat Płock Warsaw Warsaw
Last election 132 seats, 15.4% Did not exist 41, 7.3%
Seats won 27 6 0
Seat change 105 6 41
Popular vote 956,184 727,072 620,611
Percentage 7.3% 5.6% 4.7%
Swing 8.1% 5.6% 2.6%

  Seventh party
 
Leader Henryk Kroll
Party MN
Leader since 1991
Leader's seat Opole
Last election 4 seats, 0.7%
Seats won 2
Seat change 2
Popular vote 51,027
Percentage 0.4%
Swing 0.3%

Voivodeships with winning majority

– Solidarity Electoral Action – Democratic Left Alliance

*As the sum of the UW's constituent parties, the Democratic Union and the Liberal Democratic Congress.


Prime Minister before election

Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
SLD

New Prime Minister

Jerzy Buzek
AWS

Parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 21 September 1997.[1] In the Sejm elections, 47.93% of citizens cast their votes, 96.12% of which were counted as valid. In the Senate elections, 46.92% of citizens cast their votes, 97.82% of which were valid.

The election was won by the liberal conservative party Solidarity Electoral Action. It formed a coalition with the Freedom Union, a liberal party. The election was a major setback for the Democratic Left Alliance and the Polish People's Party who were forced out of government.

Results

Party Sejm Senate
Votes % Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
Solidarity Electoral Action 4,427,373 33.8 201 New 6,550,176 49.2 51 New
Democratic Left Alliance 3,551,224 27.1 164 –7 6,091,721 45.7 28 –9
Freedom Union 1,749,518 13.4 60 –14 2,943,527 22.1 8 +4
Polish People's Party 956,184 7.3 27 –105 1,819,176 13.7 3 –33
Movement for Reconstruction of Poland 727,072 5.6 6 New 2,553,252 19.2 5 New
Labour Union 620,611 4.7 0 –41 520,130 3.9 0 0
National Party of Retirees and Pensioners 284,826 2.2 0 New 1,112,129 8.4 0 New
Real Politics Union 266,317 2.0 0 0 550,254 4.1 0 0
National Party of Retirees and Pensioners–Polish Republic 212,826 1.6 0 New
National Christian Bloc for Poland 178,395 1.4 0 New
German Minority TS-KNSO 51,027 0.4 2 –4
TSKNWk[a] 16,724 0.1 0
Słowiańska MN RP-Prawosławni 13,632 0.1 0
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland 10,073 0.1 0 0
Polska Wspólnota Narodowa PSN 8,590 0.1 0
TSKNWC[b] 6,206 0.0 0
MN "Pojednanie i Przyszlość" 3,663 0.0 0
MN Województwa Olsztyńskiego 1,729 0.0 0
Niezależna i bezpartyjna 924 0.0 0
Sojusz Ludzi "Polska, Praca, Sprawiedliwość" 703 0.0 0
Stow. MN Województwa Elbląskiego 614 0.0 0
Local lists 3,804,084 28.6 5 –5
Invalid/blank votes 528,147 269,149
Total 13,616,378 100 460 0 13,614,101 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 28,409,054 47.9 28,409,054 47.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Niemców Województwa Katowickiego

b Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Niemców Województwa Częstochowskiego

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1491 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  • Obwieszczenie Państwowej Komisji Wyborczej z dn. 25 IX 1997 r., Monitor Polski. Nr 64, poz. 620
  • Obwieszczenie PKW z dn. 25 IX 1997 r., M.P. Nr 64, poz. 621
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