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Pomeranian Griffin

The Griffin, traditional symbol of Pomerania, after which the organization was named

The Pomeranian Griffin secret military organization (leśni).[1][2]

The name of the organization referred to the traditional coat of arms of Pomerania, which consists of either the black (for Gdansk Pomerania) or the red (for Western Pomerania) griffin.

Contents

  • Formation 1
  • Operations 2
  • Members 3
  • Further reading 4
  • References 5

Formation

After the Ludwik Muzyczki.[1]

Operations

The organization's charter stressed its anti-Nazi propaganda and in intelligence activities (notably, the Pomeranian Griffin was involved in the intelligence gathering on the V-1 and V-2 rockets).[1][2]

The organization declared itself subordinate to the

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q (Polish) Piotr Szubarczyk, Z historii TOW “Gryf Pomorski”, Bibuła: Pismo Niezależne, 2010-03-15
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i (Polish) Historia, Tajna Organizacja Wojskowa GRYF POMORSKI, on the pages of the Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Pomorskiego
  3. ^ Sierchuła, Rafał (September 2010). "Śmierć jest zapłatą za zdradę. Historia organizacji „Miecz i Pług”". Niezależna Gazeta Polska. Dodatek Specjalny IPN: 6. 
  4. ^ Bagley, Tennent (2007). Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games. Yale University Press. p. 120.  

References

  • Krzysztof Komorowski, Konspiracja pomorska 1939-1947, Gdańsk 1993
  • Stanisław Salmonowicz and Jan Sziling (eds.), Pomorskie organizacje konspiracyjne (poza AK) 1939-1945, Toruń 1994,
  • Mirosław Golon, Tajna Organizacja Wojskowa Gryf Pomorski wobec Armii Czerwonej a powojenne losy gryfowców, Gdańsk 2000,
  • Józef Borzyszkowski (ed.), Losy Tajnej Organizacji Wojskowej Gryf Pomorski, Gdańsk 2000,
  • Franciszek Szczęsny, Gryfowy szaniec, Gdańsk 2003

Further reading

Two of the Pomeranian Griffin's most notable members were Lieutenant Józef Dambek, Griffin's leader, and Colonel-Chaplain Józef Wrycza, a widely respected Roman Catholic priest.[2][1] After Lieutenant Dambek was killed by the Germans in 1944, he was succeeded by Lieutenant Augustyn Westphal.[1]

Members

[1] In arresting the group's members the Soviet authorities often relied on information provided by former Gestapo agents who had infiltrated the group during the war and who had switched sides once Soviet victory was imminent.[1] members.cursed soldiers and the Armia Krajowa Some historians argue that Griffin soldiers were treated much more harshly than even the [1] agents against whom they fought during the war; others were executed.Gestapo by the Soviets, alongside the same German soldiers and gulag Many of the group's members who were arrested during this time ended up being sent to the [1] The remnants of the group survived until 1945, when the final order of its last commander instructed the soldiers to participate in the disarming of local German police forces and to provide logistic aid to the approaching

A modern reconstruction of a Pomeranian Griffin forest bunker

. concentration camps Either way, as a result, many of the conspirators of the Griffin were compromised, arrested by the Nazis, and sent to [4][3] agents who first framed existing leaders for collaboration and then proceeded to establish real contacts with the Gestapo. NKVD or, according to other sources, by Gestapo However, Miecz i Plug had been infiltrated by the [1]) nationalist movement.Sword and Plow (Miecz i Plug A portion of the Griffin split to join the [1].National Democrats was mostly influenced by the [2] Furthermore, whereas the Home Army and the government in exile were run by a coalition of several parties, Griffin, while officially apolitical,[1] Polish resistance structures in Pomerania had suffered more than their fair share of arrests, and Griffin leaders were wary of opening themselves up to a larger structure.[1]

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