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President of the States of Alderney

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Title: President of the States of Alderney  
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President of the States of Alderney

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Alderney

The President of the States of Alderney, also known as the President of Alderney, is the elected head of Alderney's legislature, the States of Alderney and the Leader of Alderney. The Presidency is the latest of a variety of political positions to govern the island. The office was established in 1949 after a new constitution establishing Alderney as a subordinate part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.[1] The current President is Stuart Trought.[2]

History

Before the office of President was established, the leaders of Alderney were the Judges of Alderney, who were appointed as representatives of the Crown in Alderney.[3] During the Second World War, the majority of the population of Alderney was evacuated. In the Occupation of the Channel Islands by Nazi Germany, Alderney was used by the Nazis as a location for several concentration camps being established on it.[4] After the Liberation, less than 50% of Alderney's population returned, leading to an urgent discussion taking part in the Parliament of the United Kingdom because land boundaries and property documents had been destroyed. In 1947, His Majesty's Privy Council decided that Guernsey would take over administration of Alderney. In 1948 the Alderney (Application of Legislation) Law was passed by both the States of Guernsey and the States of Alderney, which removed Alderney's sovereignty. The law provided for the establishment of the office of President of Alderney to be the elected leader of Alderney in civil life under the Lieutenant-Governor of Guernsey.[1][5]

The President is elected for a four-year term and is also the chairman of the States of Alderney. The President also holds the right to vote in the States of Alderney; however, this is only used to make the deciding vote in the event of a tied vote.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b "States of Alderney Historical Review". Guernsey Royal Court. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  2. ^ "Stuart Trought unopposed for Alderney president". BBC News. 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-02-17. 
  3. ^ Ben Cahoon. "Alderney". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  4. ^ "Aurigny, un camp nazi" (in French). Matisson-consultants.com. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  5. ^ "How does the 1948 agreement join Guernsey and Alderney?". BBC News. 2010-08-20. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  6. ^ "Alderney presidential role attracts three nominees". BBC News. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
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