World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

Article Id: WHEBN0000125209
Reproduction Date:

Title: Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, James, Viscount Severn, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Charles, Prince of Wales
Collection: 1964 Births, Alumni of Jesus College, Cambridge, British Anglicans, British Television Presenters, British Television Producers, Chancellors of the University of Bath, Earls of Wessex, Honorary Air Commodores, House of Windsor, Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Knights of the Garter, Living People, Members of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit, Mountbatten-Windsor Family, People Educated at Gordonstoun, People Educated at Heatherdown School, People from Westminster, Princes of the United Kingdom, Recipients of the Order of the Nation (Antigua and Barbuda), Royal Marines Officers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex (more)
The Earl in Belfast, February 2015
Born (1964-03-10) 10 March 1964
Buckingham Palace, London, UK
Spouse Sophie Rhys-Jones (m. 1999)
Issue Lady Louise Windsor
James, Viscount Severn
Full name
Edward Antony Richard Louis[1]
House House of Windsor
Father Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Mother Elizabeth II
Religion Church of England

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, KG GCVO ADC(P) (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964)[1] is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was third in line to succeed his mother; as of 2015, he is ninth in line.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Career 2
  • Marriage 3
  • Official duties 4
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 5
    • Titles and styles 5.1
    • Honours and decorations 5.2
    • Military appointments 5.3
      • Honorary military appointments 5.3.1
    • Civic appointments 5.4
    • Academic appointments 5.5
    • Arms 5.6
    • Personal standard for Canada 5.7
  • Ancestry 6
  • See also 7
  • Notes 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Early life and education

Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis was born at Prince of Hesse and by Rhine (his first cousin twice removed); and the Earl of Snowdon (his maternal uncle by marriage).[4] As a child of the Sovereign, Edward was styled from birth as His Royal Highness The Prince Edward.

As with his older siblings, a governess was appointed to look after the Prince and was responsible for his early education at Buckingham Palace. At the age of seven, Edward was then sent to Gibbs School before attending, in September 1972, Heatherdown School, near Ascot in Berkshire. He then, as his father and elder brothers had done before him, moved to Gordonstoun, in northern Scotland, and was appointed Head Boy in his last term. Edward obtained a C-grade and two D-grades at A-level,[5] and after leaving school spent a gap year abroad, working as a house tutor and junior master for two terms in September 1982 at the Wanganui Collegiate School in New Zealand.

Upon his return to Britain, Edward matriculated at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he read history. His admission to Cambridge caused some controversy at the time, since his A-level grades were far below the standard normally required, "straight As", for Oxbridge entrance.[6] Prince Edward graduated in 1986 as BA (lower second class honours)[7] and proceeded Master of Arts (Cantab) in 1991, making him the fourth of only five members of the Royal Family in history to have obtained a university degree.


Prince Edward made two very public attempts to pursue a career but, after failing at both, returned to his life as full-time member of the royal family.

On leaving university, Prince Edward joined the Royal Marines as an officer cadet, having been sponsored by the Marines with £12,000 towards his tuition at Cambridge University on condition of future service.[8] However, in January 1987 he dropped out of the gruelling commando course after completing just one third of the 12-month training. Media reported, at the time, that the move prompted a berating from Prince Philip who "reduced his son to prolonged tears."[9]

After leaving the Marines, Edward opted for a career in entertainment. He commissioned the 1986 musical Cricket from Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice, for his mother's 60th birthday celebration, which led to a job offer at Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Theatre Company, where he worked as a production assistant on musicals such as The Phantom of the Opera, Starlight Express, and Cats. His duties reportedly involved making tea for the artistic staff.[10] While there he met actress Ruthie Henshall, whom he dated for two years.

Edward's first foray into television production was the programme The Grand Knockout Tournament, informally known as It's a Royal Knockout, on 15 June 1987, in which teams sponsored by himself, Princess Anne and the Duke and Duchess of York competed for charity. The media attacked the programme; it was later reported that the Queen was not in favour of the event and that her courtiers had all advised against it.[11]

In 1993, Edward formed Ardent Productions, under the name of Edward Windsor from 1995,[12] and Edward Wessex from 1999. Ardent was involved in the production of a number of documentaries and dramas,[13] but Edward was accused in the media of using his royal connections for financial gain,[14] and the company was referred to by some industry insiders as "a sad joke" due to a perceived lack of professionalism in its operations. The Guardian opined that "to watch Ardent's few dozen hours of broadcast output is to enter a strange kingdom where every man in Britain still wears a tie, where pieces to camera are done in cricket jumpers, where people clasp their hands behind their backs like guardsmen. Commercial breaks are filled with army recruiting advertisements". [15]

Ardent's productions were somewhat better received in the United States[16] and a documentary Edward made about his great uncle, Edward VIII (the late Duke of Windsor) in 1996,[13] sold well worldwide.[17] Nonetheless, the company reported losses every year it operated save one when Edward did not draw a salary.[12] An Ardent two-man film crew was alleged to have invaded the privacy of his nephew, Prince William in September 2001, when he was studying at the University of St Andrews, against industry guidelines regarding the Royals' privacy.[18] The Prince of Wales was reportedly angered by the incident.[19] In March 2002, the Prince announced that he would step down as production director and joint managing director of Ardent[12] to concentrate on his public duties and to support the Queen during her Golden Jubilee year. Ardent Productions was voluntarily dissolved in June 2009, with assets reduced to just £40.[20] Edward's original backers in the venture are said to "have lost every penny".[21]


The Earl and Countess of Wessex at Trooping the Colour in June 2013

The Prince met Sophie Rhys-Jones, then a public relations executive with her own firm, in 1994.[22] Their engagement was announced on 6 January 1999. Edward proposed to Sophie with an Asprey and Garrard engagement ring worth an estimated £105,000: a two-carat oval diamond flanked by two heart-shaped gemstones set in 18-carat white gold.[23]

Their wedding took place on 19 June 1999 in

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Born: 10 March 1964
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Princess Eugenie of York
Line of succession to the British throne
9th position
Succeeded by
Viscount Severn
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Wessex
James, Viscount Severn
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duke of York
HRH The Earl of Wessex
Succeeded by
The Duke of Cambridge
in current practice
Succeeded by
Prince Harry
Academic offices
Preceded by
Lord Tugendhat
Chancellor of the University of Bath

External links

  1. ^ a b "TRH The Earl and Countess of Wessex". Members of The Royal Family. Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2008. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 43268. p. 2255. 11 March 1964. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex". The House Of Windsor. English Monarchs. Retrieved 7 January 2009. He was baptised on 2 May 1964, at the private chapel at Windsor Castle by the Dean of Windsor and was given the names Edward Anthony Richard Louis. 
  4. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page – Royal Christenings
  5. ^ "The family qualifications". The Daily Telegraph (London). 16 October 2006. 
  6. ^ "The prince with a difference". BBC News. 11 June 1999. 
  7. ^ Watson, Jeremy (12 June 2005). "William enjoys a degree of success". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). 
  8. ^ "Commando Life Losing Appeal for Prince?". New York Times. 12 January 1987. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Edward Goes His Own Way". People. 26 January 1987. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "'"Prince Edward Joins the Theater at 'Lowest Rung. LA Times. 19 January 1988. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  11. ^ Ben Pimlott "Polishing Their Image", extract from The Queen, HarperCollins (1996) reprinted on the PBS Frontline webpage
  12. ^ a b c Beckett, Andy (5 March 2002). "It's a royal cock-up". The Guardian (London). 
  13. ^ a b Ardent Productions Filoography, BFI Film & TV Database
  14. ^ Karlin, Susan (26 September 1998). "Edward Windsor: Truly a Prince Among Producers". Los Angeles Times. 
  15. ^ Becket, Andy (4 March 2002). "It's a royal cock-up". The Guardian. 
  16. ^ "Edward: No intention to offend". BBC News. 2 September 1999. 
  17. ^ Summerskill, Ben (29 October 2000). "Losses double at Prince's TV firm". The Guardian (London). 
  18. ^ "Edward's turbulent media career". BBC News. 27 September 2001. 
  19. ^ Alderson, Andrew (30 September 2001). "Prince Edward to apologise to Queen and agrees to stop making royal films". The Sunday Telegraph (London). 
  20. ^ Moore, Matthew (29 March 2010). "Prince Edward's Ardent Productions left with assets of just £40". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  21. ^ Warren, Jane (18 October 2011). "Prince Edward's Ardent Productions left with assets of just £40". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  22. ^ Skyes, Tom (25 July 2012). "Sex Lives of the New Royals". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  23. ^ "Crown jewels: The fabulous rings which sealed the love of Europe's royal couples". HELLO! magazine (UK). 
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 55536. p. 7011. 28 June 1999. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  25. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 2010, page 46 'Peers of the Blood Royal'
  26. ^ "The Royal Family > Members of the Royal Family > HRH The Earl of Wessex > Marriage and Family". Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  27. ^ "The Duke of Edinburgh's Award". Royal family. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  28. ^ "Royals to begin Caribbean tour bypasses Dominica". The Dominican. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  29. ^ Lynch, Sharon (27 January 2012). "Barbados: Royal Visit To Mark Queen's Diamond Jubilee". Bajan Sun Online. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  30. ^ The Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Government, 2014 .
  31. ^ The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 27354. p. 65. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  32. ^ Styles and titles, Royal family .
  33. ^
  34. ^ Eden, Richard (12 December 2010). "Royal wedding: Prince William asks the Queen not to make him a duke". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  35. ^ "Noblesse et Royautés", Guests to Victoria of Sweden's wedding, Photo
  36. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59724. p. 4555. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  37. ^ The Earl of Wessex appointed GVCO, 10 March 2011 Buckingham Palace. Retrieved 20 March 2011
  38. ^ The London Gazette: no. 56951. p. 6753. 2 June 2003. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  39. ^ The London Gazette: no. 51673. p. 3193. 14 March 1989. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  40. ^ "Prince Edward Awarded Saskatchewan Order of Merit" (Press release). Government of Saskatchewan. 11 May 2005. Retrieved 27 October 2008. 
  41. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57032. p. 10318. 19 August 2003. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  42. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 59772. p. 8211. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  43. ^ "The Earl of Wessex: Honours and appointments". Royal Household. 
  44. ^ a b "The Chancellor". Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  45. ^ "Prince Edward gives medals to P.E.I. soldiers". CTV. 14 October 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2009. 


  1. ^ As a titled royal, Edward needs no surname, but, when one is used, it is Mountbatten-Windsor (although he has previously used Windsor and Wessex).


See also


The Earl of Wessex has his own royal banner for Canada, comprising the shield of the Canadian Royal Arms defaced with a blue roundel surrounded by a wreath of gold maple leaves, within which is a depiction of Prince Edward's cypher (an "E" surmounted by a coronet), and with a white label of three points, the centre one charged with a Tudor rose and the other two blank, taken from his coat of arms.

The Earl of Wessex's banner for Canada

Personal standard for Canada

Arms of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
The Earl's personal coat of arms is that of the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with a label for difference
The coronet of a son of the sovereign Proper, thereon a lion statant gardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langed Azure, 2nd Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory counterflory of the Second, 3rd Azure a harp Or stringed Argent
Dexter, a lion rampant gardant Or imperially crowned Proper; Sinister, a unicorn Argent, armed, crined and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses pattées and fleurs de lis a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or
The Order of the Garter circlet.
Honi soit qui mal y pense
(Shame be to him who thinks evil of it)
Other elements
The whole differenced by a label of three points Argent the central point charged with a Tudor rose.
As with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The first and fourth quarters are the arms of England, the second of Scotland, the third of Ireland.


Academic degrees

Academic appointments

Civic appointments

United Kingdom

Honorary military appointments


Military appointments


See also List of honours of the British Royal Family by country

Honours and decorations

Before Edward's marriage in 1999, royal commentators conjectured that former royal dukedoms such as Cambridge or Sussex might be granted to him. Instead, the Palace announced its intention that Prince Edward would eventually succeed to the title Duke of Edinburgh, currently held by his father.[32] In the meantime, in keeping with the tradition of sons of monarchs being ennobled upon marriage (while reserving the rank of duke for the future), Prince Edward became the first prince since the Tudors to be specifically created an earl, rather than a duke.[33] The Sunday Telegraph reported that he was drawn to the historic title Earl of Wessex after watching the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love, in which a character with that title is played by Colin Firth.[34]

He has been a British prince since birth and his present style and full title is: His Royal Highness The Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis, Earl of Wessex, Viscount Severn, Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty.

  • 10 March 1964 – 19 June 1999: His Royal Highness The Prince Edward
  • 19 June 1999 – present: His Royal Highness The Earl of Wessex

Titles and styles

Titles, styles, honours and arms

The Queen appointed the Earl of Wessex as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for 2014,[30][31] being styled His Grace The Lord High Commissioner for the duration of General Assembly week (17–23 May).

In February and March 2012, The Earl and Countess visited the Caribbean for the Diamond Jubilee. The itinerary consisted of Saint Lucia; Barbados, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Grenada; Trinidad and Tobago; Montserrat; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda. Highlights included Independence Day celebrations in Saint Lucia,[28] addressing Senate and Assembly of Barbados jointly,[29] and a visit to sites affected by the volcanic eruptions in Montserrat.

The Earl of Wessex has assumed many royal duties from his father, the Duke of Edinburgh, who has been reducing some commitments due to his age. Prince Edward succeeded Prince Philip as President of the Commonwealth Games Federation (Vice-Patron since 2006) and opened the 1990 Commonwealth Games in New Zealand and the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Malaysia. He has also taken over the Duke's role in the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme, attending Gold Award ceremonies around the world.[27]

The Earl of Wessex at Yate, Gloucestershire, December 2011

Official duties

The Earl and Countess have two children: Lady Louise Windsor, born 8 November 2003, and James, Viscount Severn, born 17 December 2007, and they reside at Bagshot Park in Surrey.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.