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Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia

Victoria Louise
Duchess of Brunswick

Photography of Princess Victoria Louise in 1910
Spouse Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
Ernest Augustus
Prince George William
Frederica, Queen of the Hellenes
Prince Christian Oscar
Prince Welf Henry
Full name
Victoria Louise Adelaide Matilda Charlotte
House House of Hanover
House of Hohenzollern
Father Wilhelm II, German Emperor
Mother Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein
Born (1892-09-13)13 September 1892
Marble Palace, Potsdam
Died 11 December 1980(1980-12-11) (aged 88)
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wilhelm II
   Crown Prince Wilhelm
   Prince Eitel Friedrich
   Prince Adalbert
   Prince August Wilhelm
   Prince Oskar
   Prince Joachim
   Victoria Louise, Duchess of Brunswick

Victoria Louise of Prussia (German: Viktoria Luise Adelheid Mathilde Charlotte von Preußen, Herzogin zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Prinzessin von Hannover, Prinzessin von Großbritannien und Irland; 13 September 1892 – 11 December 1980) was the only daughter and the last child of William II, German Emperor and Empress Augusta Victoria. She was their last surviving child. Princess Victoria Louise is the maternal grandmother of Queen Sophie of Spain and the former King Constantine II of the Hellenes. She was the Duchess of Brunswick by marriage.


Ernest Augustus, heir to the title of Duke of Cumberland, and grandson of Christian IX of Denmark through the latter's daughter, Princess Thyra of Denmark, came to the court and fell in love with Princess Victoria Louise. Their marriage, on 24 May 1913 in Berlin, put an end to the rift between the House of Hanover and House of Hohenzollern that had begun after the 1866 annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover into the Kingdom of Prussia following the Austro-Prussian War. Their wedding was one of the last great social events of European royalty before World War I. It was celebrated in the presence of George V of the United Kingdom and Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, as well as other important royals. Empress Augusta Victoria took the separation from her youngest child and only daughter badly and spent the night weeping.

Victoria Louise and Ernest Augustus had five children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Ernest Augustus, Prince of Hanover 18 March 1914 9 December 1987(1987-12-09) (aged 73) married firstly 1951, Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg; had issue.

married secondly 1981, Countess Monika of Solms-Laubach; no issue.

Prince George Wiliam 25 March 1915 8 January 2006(2006-01-08) (aged 90) married 1946, Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark; had issue.
Princess Frederika, Queen of the Hellenes 18 April 1917 6 February 1981(1981-02-06) (aged 63) married 1938, Paul of Greece; had issue.
Prince Christian Oscar 1 September 1919 10 December 1981(1981-12-10) (aged 62) married 1963, Mireille Dutry (b. 10 January 1946); divorced 1976; had issue.
Prince Welf Henry 11 March 1923 12 July 1997(1997-07-12) (aged 74) married 1960, Princess Alexandra of Ysenburg and Büdingen; no issue.

Titles and styles

  • 13 September 1892 – 24 May 1913: Her Royal Highness Princess Viktoria Louise of Prussia
  • 24 May – 1 November 1913: Her Royal Highness Princess Ernest Augustus of Hanover
  • in Britain: Her Royal Highness Princess Ernest Augustus of Cumberland
  • 1 November 1913 – 30 January 1953: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Brunswick
  • 20 January 1953 – 11 December 1980: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Brunswick

As the wife of a prince of the House of Hanover, Viktoria Louise also bore the titles Princess of Hanover, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland and Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg.

Regimental Commissions [1]

  • Regimentschefin (Regimental Chief) and Oberst à la suite (Honorary Colonel), 2. Leib-Husaren Regiment Königin Victoria von Preußen Nr. 2, ca. 1909

Chivalric Orders [2]



Approximate translations of the titles into English are given in parentheses.

  • Ein Leben als Tochter des Kaisers ("Life as Daughter of the Emperor")
  • Im Strom der Zeit ("In the Stream of Time")
  • Bilder der Kaiserzeit ("Pictures from the Imperial Period")
  • Vor 100 Jahren ("100 Years Ago")
  • Die Kronprinzessin ("The Crown Princess", referring to her sister-in-law, Duchess Cecily of Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
  • Deutschlands letzte Kaiserin ("Germany's Last Empress", referring to her mother, Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein)

Pop Culture

“Die Prinzessin von Preussen” (The Princess of Prussia, Victoria Louise) by artist Shaun von Knasick of the band Star Chamber released on Toten Troll Records, London, England, 2003.




External links

  • Historical footage of the marriage of Victoria Louise in May 1913,
Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia
Born: 13 September 1892 Died: 11 December 1980
Hanoverian royalty
Title last held by
Princess Marie of Baden
as Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Duchess consort of Brunswick
2 November 1913 – 8 November 1918
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Duchess consort of Brunswick
8 November 1918 – 30 January 1953
Reason for succession failure:
Duchy abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Preceded by
Princess Thyra of Denmark
Queen consort of Hanover
14 November 1923 – 30 January 1953
Reason for succession failure:
Hanover annexed by Prussia in 1866
Duchess consort of Cumberland and Teviotdale
14 November 1923 – 30 January 1953
Reason for succession failure:
Titles Deprivation Act 1917
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