World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Public holidays in Germany

Article Id: WHEBN0000165953
Reproduction Date:

Title: Public holidays in Germany  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Corpus Christi (feast), Bild, Public holidays in Germany, Federal holiday, Public holidays in Europe
Collection: Public Holidays by Country, Public Holidays in Germany
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Public holidays in Germany

Except for the national holiday (German Unity Day), public holidays in Germany (gesetzliche Feiertage) are determined by the federal states.

Holiday Local name (in German) Date
New Year's Day Neujahrstag 1 January YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Epiphany Heilige Drei Könige 6 January YesY YesY YesY
Good Friday Karfreitag Easter Sunday - 1/2d YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Easter Monday Ostermontag Easter Sunday + 1/2d YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Labor Day Tag der Arbeit 1 May YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Ascension Day Christi Himmelfahrt Easter Sunday + 39d YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Whit Monday Pfingstmontag Easter Sunday + 50d YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Corpus Christi Fronleichnam Easter Sunday + 60d YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY (1) (2)
Peace Festival Friedensfest 8 August (3)
Assumption Day Mariä Himmelfahrt 15 August (5) (7) YesY
German Unity Day (6) Tag der Deutschen Einheit 3 October YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Reformation Day Reformationstag 31 October YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
All Saints Allerheiligen 1 November YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Day of Repentance and Prayer (4) Buß- und Bettag Wed. before 23 November YesY
Christmas Day Weihnachtstag 25 December YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
St Stephen's Day / Boxing Day Zweiter Weihnachtsfeiertag 26 December YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY
Total number of holidays per state (8) 12 13 9 10 9 9 10 10 9 11 11 12 11 11 9 10
Notes:
YesY - public holiday is celebrated in that state.
(1) Public holiday only in few Sorbian communities.
(2) Public holiday only in the Catholic district of Eichsfeld.
(3) Public holiday only in the city of Augsburg.
(4) Public holiday in all states until 1994. The holiday was discontinued with introduction of nursing care insurance. Saxony is the only state where employers do not have to pay for nursing care insurance (paid by employees in that state) and where the holiday is still kept.
(5) Public holiday only in approx. 1700 communities with predominantly Catholic population and in the cities of Augsburg and Munich.
(6) National holiday since 1990, commemorating German reunification on that date. Formerly 17 June in West Germany, commemorating the Workers' Uprising of 1953 in East Germany, also known as the "Day of German Unity". East Germany's national day was 7 October, the founding of the state in 1949.
(7) Schools are closed all over the state on that day.
(8) For states where some holidays are not observed uniformly all over the state, such holidays are included in state's total number of holidays if celebration of those holidays is predominant and widespread in that state:
  • Bavaria: with Assumption Day, without Peace Festival.
  • Saxony and Thuringia: without Corpus Christi.

Good Friday and Holy Saturday are so-called "quiet days" (stille Tage), when certain restrictions apply, as defined by local state authorities. An example of this is the ban on dancing on Good Friday, which is observed in almost all German states.

Custom about holidays

Either Carnival Monday ("Rose Monday") or Mardi Gras is a de facto holiday in some towns and cities in Catholic western and southern Germany which have a strong Carnival tradition.

Ascension Day (Christi Himmelfahrt) and Corpus Christi (Fronleichnam) are both always on Thursdays. By taking only one day's leave, employees can have a four-day weekend.

The Three Kings Day, better known as Epiphany, is 6 January, the day after the 12 days of Christmas. In parts of Germany, it has its own local customs.

Public holidays in the former German Democratic Republic

Holiday Local name Date Remarks
New Year Neujahr 1 January
Good Friday Karfreitag Easter Sunday - 2d
Easter Monday Ostermontag Easter Sunday + 1d until 1967 and in 1990
Labor Day Internationaler Kampf- und Feiertag
der Werktätigen für Frieden und Sozialismus
1 May
Day of Liberation Tag der Befreiung 8 May until 1967 and in 1985
Day of Victory Tag des Sieges 9 May only in 1975
Ascension Day Christi Himmelfahrt Easter Sunday + 39d until 1967 and in 1990
Whit Monday Pfingstmontag Easter Sunday + 50d
Day of the Republic Tag der Republik 7 October
Reformation Day Reformationstag 31 October until 1966
Octoberfest Oktoberfest Late September-Early October
Day of Repentance and Prayer Buß- und Bettag Wed. before 23 November until 1966
Christmas Day 1. Weihnachtsfeiertag 25 December
St Stephen's Day / Boxing Day 2. Weihnachtsfeiertag 26 December

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.