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Pulsatilla vulgaris

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Title: Pulsatilla vulgaris  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Barnsley Warren, Pulsatilla, P. vulgaris, Bourton Down, Alpine garden
Collection: Plants Described in 1753, Ranunculaceae
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Pulsatilla vulgaris

Pulsatilla vulgaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Pulsatilla
Species: P. vulgaris
Binomial name
Pulsatilla vulgaris
Mill.
Synonyms

Anemone pulsatilla L.

Pulsatilla vulgaris (pasque flower, pasqueflower, common pasque flower, European pasqueflower, Dane's blood) is a species of flowering plant belonging to the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae), found locally on calcareous grassland in Europe.[1] It used to be considered part of the Anemone genus, to which it is closely related.[2]

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Designation 2
  • Location 3
  • Additional general information 4
  • Varieties 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Description

This is an leaves are arranged in a rosette and appear with the bell-shaped flower in early spring. The purple flowers are followed by distinctive silky seed-heads which can persist on the plant for many months.

The flower is 'cloaked in myth'; one legend has it that Pasque flowers sprang up in places that had been soaked by the blood of Romans or Danes because they often appear on old barrows and boundary banks.[3]

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]

Designation

It is classified as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan[5] and as Vulnerable in Britain on the Red Data List.[3]

Location

It grows in sparsely wooded pine forests or meadows, often on a sunny sloping side with calcium-rich soil. A large colony occurs on publicly accessible land in the Cotswolds, at the Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust's Pasqueflower reserve.[6]

Additional general information

It is the county flower of the English counties of Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire.

Varieties

Pulsatilla vulgaris
Pulsatilla vulgaris rubra
Pulsatilla vulgaris alba

While the main variety of Pulsatilla vulgaris has purplish flowers; variants include red (Rubra) and white (Alba) forms (see images).

References

  1. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th edition. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804.  
  2. ^ RHS encyclopedia of plants & flowers. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2010. p. 744.  
  3. ^ a b Species detail on the Wildlife Trusts' website
  4. ^ "Pulsatilla vulgaris"RHS Plant Selector - . Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Joint Nature Conservation Committee - UK Biodiversity Action Plan. The Committee operates in a statutory advisory capacity to the UK Government.
  6. ^ Pasqueflower reserve information on the Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust website

External links

  • Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust


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