World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Quranic Arabic Corpus

Article Id: WHEBN0025056605
Reproduction Date:

Title: Quranic Arabic Corpus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Arabic language, List of text corpora, Europarl corpus, Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, Taʿlīq script
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Quranic Arabic Corpus

Quranic Arabic Corpus
Research center: University of Leeds
Initial release: November 2009
Language: Quranic Arabic, English
Annotation: Syntax, morphology
Framework: Dependency grammar
License: GNU General Public License
Dependency syntax tree for verse (67:1)

The Quranic Arabic Corpus is an annotated linguistic resource consisting of 77,430 words of Quranic Arabic. The project aims to provide morphological and syntactic annotations for researchers wanting to study the language of the Quran.[1][2][3][4][5]


The grammatical analysis helps readers further in uncovering the detailed intended meanings of each verse and sentence. Each word of the Quran is tagged with its part-of-speech as well as multiple morphological features. Unlike other annotated Arabic corpora, the grammar framework adopted by the Quranic Corpus is the traditional Arabic grammar of i'rab (إﻋﺮﺍﺏ). The research project is led by Kais Dukes at the University of Leeds,[4] and is part of the Arabic language computing research group within the School of Computing, supervised by Eric Atwell.

The annotated corpus includes:[1][6]

  • A manually verified part-of-speech tagged Quranic Arabic corpus.
  • An annotated treebank of Quranic Arabic.
  • A novel visualization of traditional Arabic grammar through dependency graphs.
  • Morphological search for the Quran.
  • A machine-readable morphological lexicon of Quranic words into English.
  • A part-of-speech concordance for Quranic Arabic organized by lemma.
  • An online message board for community volunteer annotation.

Corpus annotation assigns a part-of-speech tag and morphological features to each word. For example, annotation involves deciding whether a word is a noun or a verb, and if it is inflected for masculine or feminine. The first stage of the project involved automatic part-of-speech tagging by applying Arabic language computing technology to the text. The annotation for each of the 77,430 words in the Quran was then reviewed in stages by two annotators, and improvements are still ongoing to further improve accuracy.

Linguistic research for the Quran that uses the annotated corpus includes training Hidden Markov model part-of-speech taggers for Arabic,[7] automatic categorization of Quranic chapters,[8] and prosodic analysis of the text.[9]

In addition, the project provides a word-by-word Quranic translation based on accepted English sources, instead of producing a new translation of the Qur'an.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b K. Dukes, E. Atwell and N. Habash (2011). Supervised Collaboration for Syntactic Annotation of Quranic Arabic. Language Resources and Evaluation Journal (LREJ). Special Issue on Collaboratively Constructed Language Resources.
  2. ^ Supervised collaboration for syntactic annotation of Quranic Arabic at ResearchGate. Uploaded by Nizar Habash, Columbia University.
  3. ^ K. Dukes and T. Buckwalter (2010). A Dependency Treebank of the Quran using Traditional Arabic Grammar. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Informatics and Systems (INFOS). Cairo, Egypt.
  4. ^ a b c The Quranic Arabic Corpus at The Muslim Tribune. June 20, 2011.
  5. ^ Eric Atwell, Claire Brierley, Kais Dukes, Majdi Sawalha and Abdul-Baquee Sharaf. An Artificial Intelligence approach to Arabic and Islamic content on the internet, pg. 2. Riyadh: King Saud University, 2011.
  6. ^ K. Dukes and N. Habash (2011). One-step Statistical Parsing of Hybrid Dependency-Constituency Syntactic Representations. International Conference on Parsing Technologies (IWPT). Dublin, Ireland.
  7. ^ M. Albared, N. Omar and M. Ab Aziz (2011). Developing a Competitive HMM Arabic POS Tagger using Small Training Corpora. Intelligent Information and Database Systems. Springer Berlin, Heidelberg.
  8. ^ A. M. Sharaf and E. Atwell (2011). Automatic Categorization of the Quranic Chapters. 7th International Computing Conference in Arabic (ICCA11). Riyadh, Saudia Arabia.
  9. ^ C. Brierley, M. Sawalha and E. Atwell (2012). Boundary Annotated Qur'an Corpus for Arabic Phrase Break Prediction. IVACS Annual Symposium. Cambridge.

External links

  • Quranic Arabic Corpus
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.