Ranton Abbey

Ranton Abbey
World War II, viewed from southwest, May 2008
Alternative names Ranton Priory
General information
Type Priory
Location Ranton, Staffordshire, England
Coordinates

52°48′57″N 2°14′29″W / 52.81576°N 2.24149°W / 52.81576; -2.24149Coordinates: 52°48′57″N 2°14′29″W / 52.81576°N 2.24149°W / 52.81576; -2.24149

Construction started circa 1150

Ranton Abbey or Ranton Priory was an Augustinian Priory in Ranton, Staffordshire, England, built c.1150 by Robert fitz Noel of Ellenhall.[1] Ranton was dissolved by the Act of 1536.[1] Only the 14th century tower and part of the south wall remain, although the cloisters and other parts are known to have still been standing in 1663.[1] The ruins of Abbey House stand adjacent.

The priory flourished in the 13th century as a subordinate house to Haughmond Abbey (near Shrewsbury).[2]

Ranton Abbey "was founded by Robert and Celestia Noel of Ellenhall about 1150 for Augustinian canons from Haughmond. In 1820 Thomas, 1st Earl of Lichfield, built a large house, a hunting lodge or weekend retreat, adjacent to the abbey...all that remains of the abbey is the large imposing tower (of the 15th century) and a little of the nave wall with a Norman doorway decorated with roll moulding. The house...is now in ruins...it was accidentally burned down in 1942, during the Second World War, when troops of Queen Wilhelmina's bodyguard were quartered here."[3]

According to William White in his 1851 History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire:

Ranton, or Ronton, is a small scattered village, five miles (8 km) W of Stafford, comprising within its parish the scattered hamlets of Extolls, Long Compton, Park Nook, and including 320 inhabitants, and about 2670 acres of land, belonging chiefly to the Earl of Lichfield, and Francis Eld, Esq, and the former is lord of the manor, which, at the time of the Norman Conquest, was held by Goderick, a Saxon nobleman, and afterwards by the Noels and Harcourts. Swynfen Jones, Esq, and a few smaller owners have estates in the parish.


About a mile W of the village is Ranton Abbey, an extra parochial liberty of 700 acres belonging to the Earl of Lichfield. The ancient abbey was founded by Robert Fitz-Noel, in the reign of Henry II, for regular canons of the order of St Augustine. Considerable remains of the abbey are still standing, including a lofty well-built tower, and the outer walls of the church. The abbey liberty contains 28 inhabitants and the Abbey House which is the seat of ED Moore, Esq.[4]

References

External links

  • County Council page
  • Photographs and history
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