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Rastatt

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Title: Rastatt  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Carl Schurz, Second Congress of Rastatt, Treaty of Rastatt, Kuppenheim, Rastatt (district)
Collection: Rastatt (District), Towns in Baden-Württemberg
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Rastatt

Rastatt
Coat of arms of Rastatt
Coat of arms
Rastatt  is located in Germany
Rastatt
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Rastatt
Government
 • Mayor Hans Jürgen Pütsch
Area
 • Total 59.02 km2 (22.79 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 47,110
 • Density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 76401-76437
Dialling codes 07222, 07229
Vehicle registration RA
Website rastatt.de

Rastatt is a town and baroque residence in the District of Rastatt, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located in the Upper Rhine Plain on the Murg river, 6 km (3.7 mi) above its junction with the Rhine and has a population of around 50,000 (2011). Rastatt was an important place of the War of the Spanish Succession (Treaty of Rastatt) and the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Local attractions 2
  • International relations 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The fortress of Rastatt in 1849
Mercedes-Benz factory in Rastatt

Until the end of the 17th century, Rastatt held little influence, but after its destruction by the French in 1689, it was rebuilt on a larger scale by Louis William, margrave of Baden, the imperial general in the Austro-Ottoman War known popularly as Türkenlouis. It then remained the residence of the margraves of Baden-Baden until 1771. It was the location of the First and Second Congress of Rastatt, the former giving rise to the Treaty of Rastatt. In the 1840s, Rastatt was surrounded by fortifications to form the fortress of Rastatt. For about 20 years previous to 1866, it was occupied by the troops of the German Confederation.[2] The Baden revolution of 1849 began with a mutiny of soldiers at Rastatt in May 1849 under Ludwik Mieroslawski and Gustav Struve, and ended there a few weeks later with the capture of the town by the Prussians. (See The Revolutions of 1848 in the German states and History of Baden.) For some years, Rastatt was one of the strongest fortresses of the German empire, but its fortifications were dismantled in 1890.

In 1997, a new Mercedes-Benz car factory started production in Rastatt.

Local attractions

Rastatt and the surrounding area is home to a variety of historical buildings, includes palaces and castles such as Schloss Rastatt and Schloss Favorite. In the vicinity of Rastatt is the Black Forest and the French border.

International relations

Rastatt is twinned with:

Notes

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2013 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^  "Rastatt".  
  3. ^ Woking twinning info

References

  •  

External links

  • Official site
  • Rastatt: pictures
  •  "Rastatt".  
  • The last half of Chapter 7 in Volume One of The Reminiscences of Carl Schurz describes Carl Schurz's recollections as an involuntary inhabitant of Rastatt before its surrender to the Prussians in 1849, and his escape through a sewer after the surrender.
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