World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Raymond D'Aguilers

Article Id: WHEBN0000875059
Reproduction Date:

Title: Raymond D'Aguilers  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Baphomet, Crusade literature, Crusades, First Crusade
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Raymond D'Aguilers

Raymond D'Aguilers (Raimundus de Aguilers, Raymond of Aguilers or de Agiles) was a chronicler of the First Crusade (1096-1099). During the campaign he became the chaplain of Raymond IV of Toulouse, the leader of the Provençal army of crusaders. His chronicle, entitled Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem, ends with the events immediately following the capture of Jerusalem.

He was educated as a clerk in a monastery of Vézelay. At the beginning of the Crusade he was probably part of the group following the papal legate, Adhemar of Le Puy, who was the bishop of the cathedral church at which Raymond served as canon. The Historia Francorum was written soon after the end of the First Crusade, certainly before the end of 1101. All biographic traces of Raymond are lost after the Battle of Ascalon (1099). As an eyewitness of the events of the First Crusade, he is one of its most important chroniclers. Because he describes some visions and miracles of the crusaders—for example the discovering of the Holy Lance of Peter Bartholomew—at length, some modern historians do not take his work very seriously. However, his description of the capture of Antioch (from 1097–1098) may be the only authentic explanation of this event.

Like many of the Crusaders and the Crusade's themselves, Raymond of Aguilers motives during the Crusade have been questioned. This is particularly true in regards as to why he wrote the Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem. Raymond of Aguilers claimed he wrote to inform the Bishop of Viviers and the general populace of the true actions in regards to crusade. This was in direct response to rumors spread by several deserters and traitors according to Aguilers. Other historians, however, contend that Raymond of Aguilers actually wrote the Historia Francorum qui Ceperunt Iherusalem to raise up his own liege Raymond IV of Toulouse. Aguilers, being the one responsible for his liege's spiritual being, could possible gain further prestige by portraying Raymond IV of Toulouse as a truly holy individual. This would further explain why during the capture of Antioch Aguilers focused heavily on the finding of the Holy Lance by Peter Bartholomew instead of focusing on the accounts of two saintly figures aiding in the battles as described in the Gesta Francorum.

His Historia Francorum was translated from Latin into modern French at the beginning of the 19th century by the French scholar François Guizot, in "Memoires sur l'histoire de France" (1824), XXI, 227–397. The Latin text was first published by Jacques Bongars (Gesta Dei per Francos, I, 139-183), and again in the "Recueil des historiens occidentaux des croisades" (1866), 235–309. The most recent translation into English was provided by John Hugh and Laurita L. Hill in 1968.

Bibliography

  • Raymond d'Aguilers, Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem tr. John Hugh Hill, Laurita L. Hill. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1968.
  • John H. Hill, "Raymond of St. Gilles in Urban's Plan of Greek and Latin Friendship," Speculum 26 (1951): 265-276

External links

  • Medieval Sourcebook: Historia francorum qui ceperint Jerusalem
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.