World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Redcliffe, Bristol

Article Id: WHEBN0005626812
Reproduction Date:

Title: Redcliffe, Bristol  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Trinity Road (police station), St Mary Redcliffe and Temple School, Redcliffe, Bristol Classic Boat Company, Bristol Temple Meads railway station
Collection: Areas of Bristol, Bristol Harbourside
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Redcliffe, Bristol

Redcliffe is located in Bristol
 Redcliffe shown within Bristol
OS grid reference
Unitary authority Bristol
Ceremonial county Bristol
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS
Dialling code 0117
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bristol West
List of places

Redcliffe, also known as Redcliff, is a district of the English port city of Bristol, adjoining the city centre. It is bounded by the loop of the Floating Harbour (including Bathurst Basin) to the west, north and east, the New Cut of the River Avon to the south. Most of Redcliffe lies within the city ward of Lawrence Hill, although the westernmost section, including the cliffs and hill from which the area takes its name, is in Cabot ward.[1][2] Bristol Temple Meads station is located in Redcliffe.

Redcliffe takes its name from the red sandstone cliffs which line the southern side of the Floating Harbour, behind Phoenix Wharf and Redcliffe Wharf. These cliffs are honey-combed with tunnels constructed both to extract sand for the local glass making industry and to act as store houses for goods. Part of the last remaining glass kiln in the area is now the Kiln Restaurant of the Ramada Bristol City Hotel in Redcliffe Way.[3][4]

The parish church of St. Mary Redcliffe is one of Bristol's best known churches, with a spire soaring to a height of 292 ft (90m) making it the tallest building in the city.


  • History 1
  • Notable residents 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


People fill a shadowed street lined with shops and houses in a mixture of architectural styles, leading towards a sunlit church tower
Redcliffe Street, by James Johnson, oil on canvas, c. 1825, showing the incomplete spire of St Mary Redcliffe looming above.

A view looking down towards a tall church spire which rises high above the surrounding trees and large modern buildings, with rows of hillside housing in the distance
St Mary's church and surrounding modern development, seen from the Cabot Tower.

Redcliffe was originally part of the manor of Bedminster, held by the earls of Gloucester, divided from Bristol by the river Avon. Relatively deep water alongside the outcrops of red sandstone upon which St Mary Redcliffe sits encouraged the development of wharves. There existed some rivalry between residents and merchants of Redcliffe and those of Bristol. The only fixed crossing of the river was Bristol Bridge, although there were numerous ferries.

In the twelfth century Robert Fitzroy gave the Knights Templar part of Redcliffe, which then became known as Temple Fee. The Templars were granted the power to hold courts and execute felons. This right passed, along with the fee, to the knights of St. John of Jerusalem after the suppression of the Templars.[5]

Early recorded industries in Redcliffe include weaving, fulling, dyeing. It is likely that fulling and dyeing, which could be quite noxious processes were not welcome within the town walls of Bristol and so were established here, nearby but outside the city walls.

In the 13th century Redcliffe and Bristol underwent a rapid expansion, in King Henry III's reign due to a 'major harbour improvement' (Broad Quay or St. Augustines Reach). This involved the construction of a 'Great Ditch' which formed a new course for the River Frome through St Augustine's Marsh. This provided more space for ships to moor and new quays were built. In the same period a stone bridge, Bristol Bridge, was constructed. To achieve this the river Avon was diverted through Redcliffe, along the line of the 'Portwall' and solid stone foundations laid for the bridge, behind wattle and daub coffer dams. "The men of Redcliffe" were enjoined to help these projects by Henry III.[6]

A hundred years later, in 1373, Redcliffe became part of Bristol to become the city and county of Bristol. The granting of county status was important as it meant that legal disputes no longer had to be taken to courts in Gloucester or Ilminster in Somerset.

In 1782, William Watts converted his house, near St Mary Redcliffe, into the world's first shot tower, in order to make lead shot by his innovative tower process. The Redcliffe Shot Tower remained a well-known feature of Redcliffe until 1968, when it was demolished to make way for road improvements, and shot manufacture transferred to the Cheese Lane Shot Tower on the banks of the Floating Harbour.[7]

Notable residents


  1. ^ "Future of Redcliffe - Supplementary Planning Document - Introduction". Bristol City Council. Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved June 19, 2006. 
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey (2005). OS Explorer Map 155 - Bristol & Bath. ISBN 0-319-23609-9.
  3. ^ "The Caves - History". Retrieved June 19, 2006. 
  4. ^ "Glassworks". Retrieved June 19, 2006. 
  5. ^ Latimer, John (1908). "II". Sixteenth Century Bristol. Bristol: J. W. Arrowsmith. pp. 16–17. 
  6. ^ Manson, Michael (2000). Bristol Beyond the Bridge - the Turbulent History of Redcliffe, Temple and St Thomas. Past and Present Press.  
  7. ^ Efstathios, Tsolis (2007-03-10). "An Awkward thing" (PDF). University of Bristol. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 

External links

  • for Redcliffe, Bristol
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.