World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Regalia

Article Id: WHEBN0001403809
Reproduction Date:

Title: Regalia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Coronation, Münzregal, Great Crown of Victory, Crown jewels, French Crown Jewels
Collection: Formal Insignia, Monarchy, Regalia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Regalia

Regalia is Latin plurale tantum for the privileges and the insignia characteristic of a sovereign.

King Haakon VII and Queen Maud of Norway with their regalia.

The word stems from the Latin substantivation of the adjective regalis, "regal", itself from rex, "king". It is sometimes used in the singular, regale.[1]

Contents

  • Regalia in the abstract 1
  • Regalia as sovereign insignia 2
    • Headgear 2.1
    • Other regal dress and jewelry 2.2
    • Manipulable symbols of power 2.3
    • Other manipulable symbols 2.4
    • Coronation paraphernalia 2.5
    • Companions' attributes 2.6
    • Reserved colour 2.7
    • Additional display 2.8
  • Imperial Regalia 3
  • Academic regalia 4
  • Other uses 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Regalia in the abstract

The term can refer to rights, prerogatives and privileges enjoyed exclusively by any sovereign regardless of title (emperor, grand duke, etc.) An example is the right to mint coins, especially with one's own effigy. In many cases, especially in feudal societies and generally weak states, such rights have in time been eroded by grants to or usurpations by lesser vassals.

Regalia as sovereign insignia

Some emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia possessed by rulers are a visual representation of imperial, royal or sovereign status. Some are shared with divinities, either to symbolize a god(ess)'s role as, say, king of the Pantheon (e.g. Brahman's sceptre) or to allow mortal royalty to resemble, identify with, or link to a divinity.

The term crown jewels is commonly used for regalia items designed to lend luster to occasions such as coronations. They feature some combination of precious materials, artistic merit, and symbolic or historical value. Crown jewels may have been designated at the start of a dynasty, accumulated through many years of tradition, or sent as tangible recognition of legitimacy by some leader such as the pope to an emperor or caliph.

Each culture, even each monarchy and dynasty within one culture, may have its own historical traditions, and some even have a specific name for its regalia, or at least for an important subset, such as:

But some elements occur in many traditions.

Headgear

Austrian Imperial Crown

Other regal dress and jewelry

  • Armills — bracelets
  • (Ermine) coronation mantle
  • Gloves
  • Barmi (Бармы) or barmas, a detachable silk collar with medallions of precious material sewn to it,[2] as used in Moscovy
  • Rings, symbolizing the monarch's "marriage" to the state (in the case of the Doge of the Republic of Venice, to its lifeblood, the sea); or as a signet-ring, a practical attribute of his power to command legally

Manipulable symbols of power

The Royal Sceptre of Boris III of Bulgaria
Danish globus cruciger. Part of the Danish Crown Regalia.
The Holy Crown of Hungary along with other regalia.
Replicas of the Crown of Bolesław I the Brave and other regalia.

Other manipulable symbols

Regalia can also stand for other attributes or virtues, i.e. what is expected from the holder.

Thus the Imperial Regalia of Japan (Jp: 三種の神器; "Sanshu no Jingi", or "Three Sacred Treasures"), also known as the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan as follows:

Since 690, the presentation of these items to the emperor by the priests at the shrine are a central part of the imperial enthronement ceremony. As this ceremony is not public, the regalia are by tradition only seen by the emperor and certain priests, and no known photographs or drawings exist.

Coronation paraphernalia

Some regalia objects are presented and/or used in the formal ceremonial of enthronement/coronation. They can be associated with an office or court sinecure (cfr. archoffices) that enjoys the privilege to carry, present/or at use it at the august occasion, and sometimes on other formal occasions, such as a royal funeral.

Such objects, with or without intrinsic symbolism, can include

Companions' attributes

Apart from the sovereign himself, attributes (especially a crown) can be used for close relatives who are allowed to share in the pomp. For example, in Norway the queen consort and the crown prince are the only other members of the royal family to possess these attributes and share in the sovereign's royal symbolism.

Reserved colour

In the Roman Empire the colour Tyrian purple, produced with an extremely expensive Mediterranean mollusk extract, was in principle reserved for the Imperial Court. The use of this dye was extended to various dignitaries, such as members of the Roman senate who wore stripes of Tyrian purple on their white togas, for whom the term purpuratus was coined as a high aulic distinction.

In late Imperial China, the colour yellow was reserved for the emperor, as it had a multitude of meanings. Yellow was a symbol of gold, and thus wealth and power, and since it was also the colour that symbolized the center in Chinese cosmology (the five elements, or wu xing(五行)), it was the perfect way to refer to the emperor, who was always in the middle of the universe. Consequently, peasants and noblemen alike were forbidden to wear robes made entirely out of yellow, although they were allowed to use the colour sparingly.

Additional display

Copy of University of Olomouc Rector's Mace

Imperial Regalia

The Imperial Regalia, insignia, or crown jewels (in German Reichskleinodien, Reichsinsignien, or Reichsschatz) are the regalia of the emperors and kings of the Holy Roman Empire. The most important parts are the Imperial Crown, the Holy Lance and the Imperial Sword. Today they are kept at the Schatzkammer Treasury in the Hofburg palace in Vienna, Austria.

During the late Middle Ages, the word Imperial Regalia (Reichskleinodien) had many variations in the Latin language. The regalia were named in Latin: insignia imperialia, regalia insignia, insignia imperalis capellae quae regalia dicuntur and other similar words.

Academic regalia

Academic dress is a traditional form of clothing for academic settings, primarily tertiary (and sometimes secondary) education, worn mainly by those who have been admitted to a university degree (or similar), or hold a status that entitles them to assume them (e.g., undergraduate students at certain old universities). It is also known as academicals and, in the United States, as academic regalia.

Other uses

By analogy, the term regalia is also applied to formal insignia in other contexts, such as academic regalia.

See also

For other meanings, such as the generalization of the term to all decorations or insignia indicative of a lower office (such as a chain of office) or of membership in an order or society;

References

  1. ^ As in the Upper Harz Water Regale, a royal right granted for use of water resources in the Harz mountains of Germany.
  2. ^ http://www.kreml.ru/en/virtual/exposition/regalia/AlekseyMichaylovich/Barmy/
  3. ^ (fr)Régalia 2011 éd. Imago

External links

  • Regalia entry at the Catholic Encyclopedia
  • RoyalArk—see each present country
  • Symbols of Royal Justice—French regalia, including the Hand of Justice


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.