World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Repair ship

Article Id: WHEBN0032170668
Reproduction Date:

Title: Repair ship  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Amenities ship, Depot ship, Type 999 buoy tender, Beidiao 990, Type 890 cable layer
Collection: Ship Types
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Repair ship

A repair ship is a naval auxiliary ship designed to provide maintenance support to warships. Repair ships provide similar services to destroyer, submarine and seaplane tenders or depot ships, but may offer a broader range of repair capability including equipment and personnel for repair of more significant machinery failures or battle damage.[1]
USS Medusa was the first United States Navy ship built as a repair ship.


  • United States Navy 1
  • United Kingdom 2
  • Lend/Lease 3
  • Japan 4
  • Sources 5
  • Notes 6

United States Navy

The United States Navy became aware of the need for repair ships to maintain Asiatic Fleet ships stationed in the Philippines. Two colliers were converted to USS Prometheus and Vestal in 1913 before the purpose-built USS Medusa was completed at the Puget Sound Navy Yard in 1923. The following ships were converted to repair ships to meet the needs of World War II:[2]
With a capable crew of qualified repairmen, USS Vulcan was kept in good repair for a long service life.

United Kingdom

HMS Resource was built in 1928 and remained the sole Royal Navy repair ship at the outbreak of World War II.[1] The following ships were converted to meet wartime needs:
HMS Artifex
HMS Diligence


These Xanthus-class repair ships were built to Royal Navy specifications by Bethlehem Fairfield Shipyard in 1944, but only the first two were temporarily loaned to the United Kingdom while the others were retained for use by the United States Navy:[7]

  • AR-17 became HMS Assistance (F173)
  • AR-18 became HMS Diligence (F174)
  • USS Xanthus was intended to be HMS Hecla (F175)
  • USS Laertes was intended to be HMS Dutiful (F176)
  • USS Dionysus was intended to be HMS Faithful (F177)


Japan found repair ships valuable for Pacific island bases. The pre-dreadnought battleship Asahi was modified and recommissioned as a repair ship in 1938. The 9,000-ton purpose-designed repair ship Akashi was launched in 1938 as the intended prototype for a class of five ships, but the remaining four ships were cancelled as other wartime shipbuilding projects assumed higher priority.[8]


  • Lenton, H.T.; Colledge, J.J. (1964). British and Dominion Warships of World War II. Doubleday & Company. 
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (1968). U.S. Warships of World War II. Doubleday & Company. 
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1966). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday & Company. 


  1. ^ a b Lenton & Colledge, p.333
  2. ^ Silverstone, pp.280-281&292-293
  3. ^ a b c Lenton & Colledge, p.341
  4. ^ a b c d Lenton & Colledge, p.342
  5. ^ a b Lenton & Colledge, p.348
  6. ^ a b Lenton & Colledge, p.346
  7. ^ Lenton & Colledge, p.352
  8. ^ Watts, pp.324&325
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.