World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rider-Waite tarot deck

Article Id: WHEBN0000106070
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rider-Waite tarot deck  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tarot, The Magician (Tarot card), Minor Arcana, Pamela Colman Smith, The Tower (Tarot card)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Rider-Waite tarot deck

The Rider-Waite tarot deck (originally published 1910) is one of the most popular tarot decks in use today in the English-speaking world[1] (the Tarot de Marseille being the most popular deck in Latin countries). Other suggested names for this deck include the Rider-Waite-Smith, Waite-Smith, Waite-Colman Smith or simply the Rider deck. The cards were drawn by illustrator Pamela Colman Smith from the instructions of academic and mystic A. E. Waite, and published by the Rider Company.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Publication 2
    • Copyright status 2.1
  • Influence 3
  • Major Arcana 4
  • Minor Arcana 5
    • Wands 5.1
    • Pentacles 5.2
    • Cups 5.3
    • Swords 5.4
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Overview

While the images are simple, the details and backgrounds hold a wealth of symbolism. Some imagery remains close to that found in earlier decks, but overall the Waite-Smith card designs represent a substantial departure from their predecessors. Among other changes, Waite had the Christian imagery of most older tarot decks' cards toned down—the "Pope" card became the "Hierophant", the "Papess" became the "High Priestess". The Minor Arcana are illustrated with detailed scenes and images by Smith, again a departure from many earlier decks with much simpler designs for the Minor Arcana but aligning this deck with, for example, the Sola Busca Tarot. The symbols used were influenced by the 19th century magician and occultist Eliphas Levi.

Publication

The cards were originally published in 1910 by the publisher William Rider & Son of London. The following year, a small guide by A.E. Waite entitled The Key to the Tarot was bundled with the cards, providing an overview of the traditions and history behind the cards, criticism of various interpretations, and extensive descriptions of their symbols. The year after that, a revised version, Pictorial Key to the Tarot, was issued that featured black-and-white plates of all seventy-eight of Smith's cards. Several later versions of the deck, such as the Universal Waite deck, copy the Smith line drawings with minor changes and add more sophisticated coloring.

Copyright status

In the United Kingdom—and by extension rest of the European Union—copyright in the artwork for the deck will expire 70 years after the end of the year in which Smith died, hence they will not fall into the public domain until 1 January 2022.

In the United States, the deck fell into the public domain in 1966 (publication + 28 years + renewed 28 years), and has consequently been used by American artists in numerous different media projects. U.S. Games Systems, Inc. has a copyright claim on their updated version of the deck published in 1971, but this only covers new material added to the preexisting work (e.g. designs on the card backs and the box).

Influence

The Rider-Waite deck has been used in many television programs and motion pictures, notably in the James Bond motion picture Live and Let Die. (The deck was used along with a different deck created by artist Fergus Hall specifically for the film.)

The Rider-Waite deck has been used as an animated video backdrop in Madonna's Re-Invention World Tour 2004 for the song "Hollywood".

The Hermit card in the Rider-Waite deck has been frequently used by Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page, most popularly in The Song Remains The Same and the inner sleeve of Led Zeppelin IV.

Major Arcana

Minor Arcana

Wands

Pentacles

Cups

Swords

References

  1. ^ Visions and Prophecies. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1988.

External links

  • Learning materials related to A Psychological Interpretation of the Tarot at Wikiversity
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.