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Riflemen's Association

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Title: Riflemen's Association  
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Subject: Władysław Bończa-Uzdowski, Polish Rifle Squads, Józef Smoleński, Kazimierz Sosnkowski, Polish Legions
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Riflemen's Association

Badge of the Riflemen's Association

Związek Strzelecki "Strzelec" (Riflemen's Association "Rifleman") was a Lwów as a legal front of Związek Walki Czynnej, and revived in Poland in 1991.

An important part of the Association's mission was training young Poles in military skills. Before World War I, the Riflemen's Association provided military training to over 8,000 people, and its trainees subsequently formed an important part of the Polish Legions in World War I. Prominent members and leaders of the Riflemen's Association included Józef Piłsudski, Henryk Dobrzański, Kazimierz Sosnkowski, Edward Rydz-Śmigły, Władysław Sikorski, Marian Kukiel, Walery Sławek, Julian Stachiewicz, Aleksander Prystor and Włodzimierz Tetmajer.

The Riflemen's Association was revived in Poland in 1991, after the fall of communism.


  • 1910–1918 1
  • 1918–1940 2
  • Contemporary 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


In 1910, upon initiative of the Jozef Pilsudski and Kazimierz Sosnkowski. The association was divided into the following branches:

  • Western Galicia (Krakow),
  • Central Galicia (Rzeszow),
  • Eastern Galicia (Lwow),
  • Command of Congress Poland,
  • Foreign Command.

Polish Riflemen's Associations active in the Jagiellonian University, and by the summer of 1914, the association had 6,449 trained members, most of whom came from western Galicia. At the same time, Polish Rifle Squads had some 4,000 trained members.


In the Second Polish Republic, the Riflemen's Association concentrated its efforts in the countryside, and among poor urban youth. It organized gymnastics classes, reading courses and paramilitary courses, and was under supervision of the Ministry of Military Affairs (Ministerstwo Spraw Wojskowych). The association had 3,000 local branches, with 15 regions. It had its own libraries, reading rooms, choirs, orchestras, people’s houses, and sports fields. In mid-1939, the association had some 500,000 members.

The conspirational Organization of the White Eagle (Organizacja Orła Białego) was created in late September 1939 in German-occupied Krakow.[1] Based on the Riflemen's Association, it merged with the Union of Armed Struggle in June 1940. The Organization of the White Eagle published its own magazine, Nakazy Dnia (The Orders of the Day).


Several modern organizations exist which trace back their roots to the traditions of the Riflemen's Association. To unite them, a Federation of Riflemen's Teams and Associations was formed under the command of Maciej Wechmann. On July 15, 2009, the two main associations, Związek Strzelecki and Związek Strzelecki “Strzelec”, signed a declaration of cooperation. The headquarters of the new body is in Warsaw.[2]

See also


  1. ^ "Polska Podziemna, Inne Organizacje Zbrojne, Tajna Organizacja Wojskowa "Związek Orła Białego", Organizacja Orła Białego" [Polish underground resistance, other armed organizations, White Eagle Association, White Eagle Organization] (in Polish). 
  2. ^ "The Home Army is back".  

External links

  • Riflemen's south district headquarters
  • JS 1001 Bełchatów
  • JS 2006 Nowy Sącz
  • JS 2007 Tymbark
  • JS 2019 Tomaszów Lubelski
  • JS 2023 Wodzisław Śląski
  • JS 3003 Trzebnica
  • JS 3005 Olesno
  • JS 3021 Dzierżoniów
  • JS 3024 Katowice
  • JS 2029 Kraków - SF Unit
  • Riflemen's north district headquarters
  • JS 1313 National Defense University in Warsaw
  • JS 1003 Warszawa
  • JS 1014 Sokółka
  • JS 4018 Gdańsk
  • JS 4026 Rzepin
  • JS 4031 Szczecin
  • Unit Bielsko-Biała of Riflemen's Association
  • JS 2028 Częstochowa
  • Related Article - The Riflemen’s Association: (Związek Strzelecki) Origins and Outcomes of a Nationalistic, Polish Social Movement
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