Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Black and white photograph of a man in military uniform, with his medals pinned to the left side of his jacket. He is wearing a wide-brimmed hat and holding a walking stick in both hands.
Founder of Scouting
Nickname(s) B-P
Born 22 February 1857 (1857-02-22)
Paddington, London, England
Died Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. (aged 83)
Nyeri, Kenya
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1876–1910
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held
  • Chief of Staff, Second Matabele War (1896–1897)
  • 5th Dragoon Guards in India (1897)
  • Inspector General of Cavalry, England (1903)
Battles/wars
Awards
Other work Founder of the international Scouting Movement; writer; artist
Signature

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, GCMG GCVO KCB ( Baden as in maiden; Powell as in Noel) (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941), also known as B-P or Lord Baden-Powell, was a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, founder of the Scout Movement and first Chief Scout of The Boy Scouts Association.

After having been educated at Charterhouse School in Surrey, Baden-Powell served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa. In 1899, during the Second Boer War in South Africa, Baden-Powell successfully defended the town in the Siege of Mafeking. Several of his military books, written for military reconnaissance and scout training in his African years, were also read by boys. Based on those earlier books, he wrote Scouting for Boys, published in 1908 by Sir Arthur Pearson, for youth readership. In 1907, he held the first Brownsea Island Scout camp, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting.

The first Scout Rally was held at The Crystal Palace in 1909, at which appeared a number of girls dressed in Scout uniform, who told B-P that they were the "Girl Scouts", whereupon B-P and his sister Agnes Baden-Powell formed the Girl Guides Movement. After his marriage on 30 October 1912[7] to Olave St Clair Soames, Baden-Powell and his wife actively gave guidance to the Scouting and Girl Guiding Movements. Baden-Powell lived his last years in Nyeri, Kenya, where he died and was buried in 1941.[8][9]

Early life

Baden-Powell was born as R