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Rolling stock manufacturers of Russia

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Title: Rolling stock manufacturers of Russia  
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Subject: Economy of Russia, Industry in Russia, Social Insurance Fund of the Russian Federation, Geothermal power in Russia, Forestry in Russia
Collection: Industry in Russia, Rail Vehicle Manufacturers of Russia
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Rolling stock manufacturers of Russia

This is an overview of rolling stock manufacturers of Russia, which includes historical and current information.


  • History 1
  • Locomotive and multiple-unit manufacturers 2
  • Academic and research institutions 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


In 1834 the Cherepanov brothers, engineers from the Nizhny Tagil Iron and Steel Plant, built Russia's first steam locomotive. Three years later the Tsarskoye Selo Railway, the country's first public railway, opened. In 1845, the Alexander Factory in Saint Petersburg built its first locomotives. The Kolomna Factory and Kama-Votkinsk began production in 1868. Two years later, the Malcev and Nevsky Plants began production. In 1924 the first Russian mainline diesel locomotives , the E el-2 and Shch-el 1, entered service. Two years later the first electrified suburban section of the Baku-Sabunçu railway was put into service, marking the beginning of commuter-train production. In 1932, the first electrified railway through the Surami Pass opened and the first Soviet mainline electric locomotive was put into service.

During the Great Patriotic War, production of diesel and electric locomotives was suspended; only steam locomotives were produced. After the war, some factories shifted their focus from steam to diesel and electric locomotives. In 1956, at the 20th Party Congress, it was decided to mass-produce electric and diesel locomotives and mothball steam locomotives as a strategic reserve. Two years later, imports of passenger electric locomotives from Czechoslovakia began. In 1959 the first Soviet gas turbine-electric locomotive, the model G1, was introduced. The Soviet Union's first high-speed train, the ER200, was built in 1974. Commercial operation began in 1984 on the Moscow - Leningrad railway, and was discontinued in 2009. In 2002 Transmashholding, a closed joint-stock company, was formed.

Locomotive and multiple-unit manufacturers

Name Location Founded Parent company Types
Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant Novocherkassk 1932 Passenger and freight mainline electric locomotives, industrial electric locomotives
  • Passenger: EP1M, EP1P, EP20
  • Freight: 2ES5K, 3ES5K, 2ES4K, 2ES5, E5K
  • Industrial: NPM2, NP1 (tractor unit)
Kolomna Plant Kolomna 1863 Passenger and freight mainline diesel locomotives, passenger mainline electric locomotives
  • Passenger diesel locomotives: TEP70BS, TEP70U
  • Freight diesel locomotive: 2TE70
  • Passenger electric locomotive: EP2K
Bryansk Engineering Plant Bryansk 1873 Freight mainline diesel locomotives, shunting diesel locomotives
  • Freight:2TE25A
  • Shunting: TEM18DM, TEM18V, TEM-TMH
Demikhovsky Machine-building Plant (DMZ) Demikhova, Orehovo-Zuyevskii Raion, Moscow Region 1935 Electric trains ED4M, ED4M 500 series, ED9E
Metrovagonmash Mytishchi 1897 Subway cars, railcars
Other manufacturers
Name Location Founded Parent company Types Models
Ural Locomotives Verkhnyaya Pyshma 2010 Joint venture Sinara transport machines (51%) and Siemens (49%) Freight electric locomotives, EMUs
Lyudinovsky Locomotive Plant Lyudinovo 1745 Sinara transport machines Shunting diesel locomotives, railcars
  • Shunting: TGM4B, TGM6D, TEM7A, TEM9, TEM14
  • Railcar: AS4MU
Muromteplovoz Murom 1916 Shunting diesel locomotives, railcars, small locomotives, self-propelled railroad cars
  • Shunting: TGM23
  • Small locomotives: MGM-1, MGM-3
  • Railcars: AS5, AGD-1A, ARV(M)-1, ARV-1, AST-2, AGS-1Ch
  • Self-propelled railroad car: SV-10
Kambarka Engineering Works Kambarka 1767 More than 50% owned by general director Alexander Biryukov, 12% managed by Udmurtian government Narrow-gauge diesel locomotives, shunting diesel locomotives, narrow-gauge draisines, small locomotives, railcars, children's-railway locomotives, rail-testing equipment, snowplows
  • Narrow-gauge locomotives: TU7A, TU8
  • Shunting: TGM40
  • Small locomotive: MTK-1
  • Children's locomotive: TU10
Kalugaputmash Kaluga 1874 Investment fund managed by TransFinGroup (96.61%) Shunting diesel locomotives, railcar service, traction engines, railway cranes, rail-welding machines, tamping machines Shunting: TGK2M
Kirov May 1 Mashzavod Kirov 1899 Track machines, railway cranes
Istinsky Machine Works Iste, Starozhilovsky District, Ryazan Oblast 1713 Track machines
Tulazheldormash Tula 1869 Track machines
Torzhok Carriage Works Torzhok 1916 Diesel multiple units DT1
Railway-wagon manufacturers
Name Location Founded Parent company Types
Tver Carriage Works Tver 1898 Transmashholding Passenger cars: one-story and double-decker cars, staff cars, commuter passenger cars, dining cars, escort cars, cars for laundry, valuables, prisoners, hospital transport and transporting spent nuclear fuel
RM Rail Saransk, Moscow (headquarters), plants in Saransk, Ruzaevka and Abakan 2013 Basic Element Freight cars: Tank cars for petroleum and petroleum products, viscous oil and liquefied petroleum gas; chemical and special-cargo hopper cars for cement, grain, fertilizer, granular sulfur, flat wagons, trucks, cars, railcars and containers
Uralwagonsawod Nizhny Tagil 1936 Freight cars: Tanks, platforms, gondolas, hoppers
Altaiwagon Novoaltaysk, Rubtsovsk, Kemerovo 1941 Siberian Business Union Freight cars: Boxcars, gondolas, platforms, tanks
Kaliningrad Carriage Works Kaliningrad 1946 Freight cars: Dump cars
Tikhvin Railway Car Building Plant Tikhvin 2011 ICT Group Freight cars: Hopper cars, gondolas, platforms

Academic and research institutions

The All-Russian Research Institute of Railway Transport (VNIIZhT), in Moscow, was founded in 1918. It has branches in Ekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Belorechensk, and Irkutsk. An experimental ring railroad, VNIIZhT, was commissioned in 1932. Located in Shcherbinka, it includes of research laboratories and three electrified circular lines. The experimental ring is intended to testlocomotives, multiple units, coaches, track elements and other equipment. The All-Union Scientific and Research, Planning and Design Technological Institute on Electric Locomotives Building (VELNII) is a subsidiary of Transmashholding.

See also


External links

  • Union of industries of Railway Equipment website (Russian)
  • Federal Agency for Railway Transport (Roszheldor) website
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