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Rottweil

Rottweil
Main street in Rottweil
Main street in Rottweil
Coat of arms of Rottweil
Coat of arms
Rottweil   is located in Germany
Rottweil
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Rottweil
Government
 • Lord Mayor Ralf Broß
Area
 • Total 71.76 km2 (27.71 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 24,378
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78628, 78652 (Unterrotenstein)
Dialling codes 0741, 07427 (Neukirch)
Vehicle registration RW
Website www.rottweil.de

Rottweil (    ) is a city in southwest Germany in the state of Baden-Württemberg. Rottweil was a Free Imperial City for nearly 600 years.

Located between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alps, Rottweil has about 25,000 inhabitants. The old city is famous for its medieval center and for its traditional carnival, (called "Fasnet" in the local Swabian dialect). The oldest town in Baden-Württemberg,[2] its appearance has changed very little from the 16th century.

Depiction of St. Veronica's sudarium over the portal of the Minster of the Holy Cross
A statue for rottweiler dogs in Rottweil
Rottweiler "Fasnet" 2007

Contents

  • History 1
  • Main sights 2
  • Other 3
  • International relations 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Imperial City of Rottweil
Reichsstadt Rottweil
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire

1140–1802
Capital Rottweil
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Founded AD 73
 •  Gained Imp. immediacy 1140
 •  Treaty with Swiss 1463
 •  Swiss associate 1519
 •  Mediatised to Württemberg 1802
Imperial Abbey of Rottenmünster
Reichskloster Rottenmünster
Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire

1237–1802
Capital Rottenmünster
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Founded 9 May 1224
 •  Gained Imp. immediacy 1237
 •  Razed by Württemberg in Thirty Years' War 1643
 •  Mediatised to Württemberg 23 November 1802
 •  Abbey abandoned 1850

Rottweil was founded by the Romans in AD 73 as Arae Flaviae and became a municipium, but there are traces of human settlement going back to 2000 BC. Roman baths and a mosaic of Orpheus (c. AD 180) date from the time of Roman settlement. The present town became a ducal and a royal court before 771 and in the Middle Ages it became a Free Imperial City in 1268.

In 1463 the city joined the Swiss Confederacy, with which it was closely aligned for several centuries. Both its status as free city and its alliance with the Swiss Confederacy were eventually lost with the conquest of the region by Napoleon in 1803.

Main sights

  • The late-Romanesque and Gothic-era Münster Heiliges Kreuz ("Minster of the Holy Cross"), built over a pre-existing church from 1270. It features a crucifix by Veit Stoss and noteworthy Gothic sculptures.
  • Kapellenkirche (1330–40), a Gothic church with a tower and with three statue-decorated portals.
  • Lorenzkapelle ("Church of St. Lawrence", 16th century), in late Gothic style. It houses some two hundred works by Swabian masters and Gothic altarpieces from the 14th and 5th centuries.
  • The City museum, including a notable Roman mosaic with the legend of Orpheus.
  • The late-Gothic Town Hall (1521).
  • St. Pelagius, a Romanesque church from the 12th century. Excavations have brought to light Roman baths in the same site.
  • ThyssenKrupp is constructing a $45 million, 807-foot tower in the city. The tower is a research facility for the company and will be used to test new elevator cars and technologies. At 807-feet, it will be the tallest structure in the country. The windowless building will have 12 elevator shafts.[3]

Other

  • The Rottweiler dog is named after this town; it used to be a butcher's dog in the region.
  • Adam of Rottweil, the 15th-century scholar and printer, was born in Rottweil.
  • Konrad Witz, painter
  • Das Mädchen aus Rottweil is a song by the German band Die Toten Hosen

International relations

Rottweil is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2013 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^ Website of Dominikaner Museum Rottweil (retrieved May 22, 2014), on permanent display is a wooden table from August 4, AD 186 naming arae flaviae as municipium thus making Rottweil the oldest town in Baden-Württemberg [2]
  3. ^ Brown, Eliot. "Elevators Elevate German City’s Image". Wall Street Journal.  

External links

  • The official website
  • Feast of Fools: Medieval Carnival Celebrations in Rottweil
  • Website for hotels and restaurants in Rottweil
  • History and territory of the former Reichsstadt Rottweil
  • Pictures and stories about Rottweil
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