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Russian gunboat Korietz

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Title: Russian gunboat Korietz  
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Russian gunboat Korietz

Russian gunboat Korietz
History
Russian Naval EnsignRussian Empire
Name: Korietz
Builder: Bergsund Mekaniksa, Stockholm, Sweden
Laid down: December 1885
Launched: August 7, 1886
Commissioned: 1888
Decommissioned: 1904
Fate: Blown up after the Battle of Chemulpo Bay
General characteristics
Class & type: gunboat
Displacement: 1,334 long tons (1,355 t)
Length: 66.3 m (218 ft)
Beam: 10.7 m (35 ft)
Draught: 3.5 m (11 ft)
Propulsion: Sails, horizontal one shaft double expansion steam engine
Speed: 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph)
Range: 2,850 nmi (5,280 km) at 8 kn (15 km/h)
Complement: 12 officers and 162 sailors
Armament:
  • 2 х 203 mm (8.0 in),
  • 1 х 152 mm (6.0 in)
  • 4 х 9 pdrs
  • 4 × 37 mm (1.5 in)
  • 1 × 64 mm (2.5 in)
  • 1х 381 mm (15.0 in) torpedo tube
The Russian gunboat Korietz is blown up at Chemulpo

Korietz (Russian: Кореец, Koreyets; literally meaning "Korean person") was a gunboat in Russian Imperial Navy. She was the lead vessel in a class of nine ships in her class (including the Mandzhur and Khivinets served on the Baltic, Donets, Zaporozhets, Kubanets, Terets, Uralets and Chernomorets on the Black Sea.) The etymology of the names of this class of ships was: Korietz is a Russian word for "Korean man", Mandzhur - "Manchuria man", Khivinets - "Khiva man", Donets - "Don Cossack" (literally "Cossack from Don"), Kubanets - "Kuban Cossack" ("Kuban man"), Terets - "Terek Cossack" ("Terek man"), Uralets - "Ural Cossack" ("Ural man"), Chernomorets - "Black Sea man" and Zaporozhets - "Zaporozhian Cossack".

Operational history

Korietz was laid down in Stockholm, Sweden at the Bergsund Mekaniksa shipyards in December 1885, launched on August 7, 1886, and commissioned in 1888.

Assigned to service with the Russian Pacific Fleet in 1895, she was a frequent visitor to ports in Korea, Japan and northern China. During the Boxer Rebellion, she participated in the Eight-Nation Alliance attack on Taku Forts in June 1900. During this battle, she was hit six times by shells fired by the Chinese defenders, and suffered nine crewmen killed and 20 wounded.

Together with the cruiser Varyag, Korietz was dispatched from Port Arthur to the main Korean port of Chemulpo (modern-day Incheon) in early 1904 to protect Russian interests, as diplomatic tensions continued to increase between Russia and the Empire of Japan. After the Russian transport Sungari arrived at Chemulpo on 7 February 1904, reporting the sighting of a large Japanese force approaching, Korietz (under the command of G. P. Belyaev) was ordered to return to Port Arthur to report and request instructions. In the early morning of 8 February 1904, Korietz spotted Chiyoda outside the Chemulpo roadstead, and mistaking it for a fellow Russian ship, loaded its guns for a salute. On closing in, the crew of the Korietz realized their mistake and in the ensuing confusion the guns were discharged. Chiyoda responded by launching a torpedo. Both sides missed, but this was the first actual exchange of fire in the Russo-Japanese War, and it is highly unclear which side actually opened fire first. Korietz retreated back to Chemulpo harbor.[1]

In the subsequent Order of St. George (4th class), the highest military decoration of the Russian Empire.

After the end of the Russo-Japanese War, the wreckage of Korietz was raised by Japanese engineers, and scrapped.

Second gunboat

There was a second gunboat named Korietz, laid down in 1906 at the Putilov Plant in Saint Petersburg, Russia. She was of the Gilyak class. At the end of the First World War she participated in the Battle of Moon Sound, but was blown up by her crew on August 8, 1915 in to avoid having to be surrendered to German forces.

Other

A Grisha III class corvette Koreyets of modern Russian Navy was named after Korietz gunboat, by the request of the Association of Koreans in Russia. [2]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ "Малый противолодочный корабль МПК-17 (ТОФ) получил имя "Усть-Илимск""

External links

  • Encyclopedia article for Korietz
  • New York Times 1904 article about the Battle of Chemulpo Bay
  • Taku Forts May-June 1900
  • http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/russian_gunboats.htm
  • (Italian) http://www.agenziabozzo.it/navi_da_guerra/C-Navi%20da%20Guerra/C-523.htm
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