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Saint Nino

Saint Nino
Icon of Saint Nino
Born ca. 280
Colossae (Kolaste, Kolasa)
Died ca. 332
Bodbe, Kakheti (Georgia)
Venerated in Eastern Orthodox Churches,
Oriental Orthodox Churches,
Roman Catholic Church,
Eastern Catholic Churches
Major shrine Bodbe Monastery
Feast

December 15 (Roman Catholic)

January 14 (27) (Eastern Orthodox)
Patronage Georgia

Saint Nino (Georgia.

According to most widely traditional accounts, she belonged to a Georgians until her death.

Her tomb is still shown at the grapevine cross, is a symbol of Georgian Christianity.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • St Nino in Iberia 2
  • Legacy 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Many sources agree that Nino was born in the small town of Colastri, in the Roman province of Cappadocia, although a smaller number of sources disagree with this. On her family and origin, the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church have different traditions.

According to the Eastern Orthodox Church tradition, she was the only child of a famous family. Her father was Houbnal I.

During her childhood, Nino was brought up by her relative, the nun Sarah Bethlehemlianka. Nino’s uncle who was as the patriarch of Jerusalem oversaw her traditional upbringing. Nino went to Rome with the help of her uncle where she decided to preach the Christian gospel in Iberia, known to her as the resting place of Christ’s tunic. According to the legend, Nino received a vision where the Virgin Mary gave her a grapevine cross and said:

"Go to Iberia and tell there the Good Tidings of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and you will find favour before the Lord; and I will be for you a shield against all visible and invisible enemies. By the strength of this cross, you will erect in that land the saving banner of faith in My beloved Son and Lord."

Saint Nino entered the Iberian Kingdom in Caucasus from the Kingdom of Armenia, where she had escaped prosecution at the hands of the Armenian King Tiridates III. She had belonged to a community of virgins numbering 37, along with martyr Hripsime, under the leadership of St. Gayane, who preached Christianity in the Armenian Kingdom. But they were persecuted and beheaded by King Tiridates. All 37 of the virgins were soon canonised by the Armenian Apostolic Church including St. Nune (St. Nino).

Contrasting with this, the Roman Catholic tradition, as narrated by Rufinus of Aquileia, says Nino was brought to Iberia not by her own will, but as a slave, and that her family tree is obscure.[2]

St Nino in Iberia

Saint Nino with her scroll and grapevine cross

Nino reached the borders of the ancient Georgian Kingdom of Iberia from the south about 320. There she placed a Christian cross in the small town of Akhalkalaki and started preaching the Christian faith in Urbnis, finally reaching Mtskheta (the capital of Iberia). The Iberian Kingdom had been influenced by the neighbouring Persian Empire which played an important role as the regional power in the Caucasus. The Iberian King Mirian III and his nation worshiped the syncretic gods Armazi and Zaden. Soon after the arrival of Nino in Mstkheta, Nana, the Queen of Iberia requested an audience with the Cappadocian.

Queen Nana, who suffered from a severe illness, had some knowledge of Christianity but had not yet converted to it. Nino, restoring the Queen's health, won to herself disciples from the Queen's attendants, including a Jewish priest and his daughter, Abiathar and Sidonia. Nana also officially converted to Christianity and was baptized by Nino herself. Mirian, aware of his wife’s religious conversion, was intolerant of her new faith, persecuting it and threatening to divorce his wife if she did not leave the faith.[3] He secluded himself, however, from Nino and the growing Christian community in his kingdom. His isolation to Christianity did not last long because, according to the legend, while on a hunting trip, he was suddenly struck blind as total darkness emerged in the woods. In a desperate state, King Mirian uttered a prayer to the God of St Nino:

If indeed that Christ whom the Captive had preached to his Wife was God, then let Him now deliver him from this darkness, that he too might forsake all other gods to worship Him.[4]

As soon as he finished his prayer, light appeared and the king hastily returned to his palace in Mtskheta. As a result of this miracle, the King of Iberia renounced idolatry under the teaching of St Nino and was baptized as the first Christian King of Iberia. Soon, the whole of his household and the inhabitants of Mtskheta adopted Christianity. In 326 King Mirian made Christianity the state religion of his kingdom, making Iberia the second Christian state after Armenia.

After adopting Christianity, Mirian sent an ambassador to historian Tyrannius Rufinus in Historia Ecclesiastica writes about Mirian's request to Constantine:

After the church had been built with due magnificence, the people were zealously yearning for God's faith. So an embassy is sent on behalf of the entire nation to the Emperor Constantine, in accordance with the captive woman's advice. The foregoing events are related to him, and a petition submitted, requesting that priests be sent to complete the work which God had begun. Sending them on their way amidst rejoicing and ceremony, the Emperor was far more glad at this news than if he had annexed to the Roman Empire peoples and realms unknown.[6]

In 334, Mirian commissioned the building of the first Christian church in Iberia which was finally completed in 379 on the spot where now stands the Svetitskhoveli Cathedral in Mstkheta.

Nino, having witnessed the conversion of Iberia to Christianity, withdrew to the mountain pass in Bodbe, Kakheti. St Nino died soon after; immediately after her death, King Mirian commenced with the building of monastery in Bodbe, where her tomb can still be seen in the churchyard.

Nino and its variants remains the most popular name for women and girls in the

  • The St. Nina QuarterlyBiography from
  • Life of St Nino
  • St. Nino church opening event in NYC
  • The Church of St. Nina, Kandalaksha, Murmansk oblast, Russia. English summary

External links

  • Wardrop, Margery (2006). Life of Saint Nino. Gorgias Press.  
  • Dowling, Theodore E. (2003). Sketches of Georgian Church History. Adamant Media.  

Further reading

  1. ^ Orthodox Church of America -
  2. ^ Rufinus 1997 = The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia, Books X and XI, transl. by Philip R. Amidon, New-York – Oxford.
  3. ^ Isoelian, P. A Short History of the Georgian Church. Saunders, Otley, and Co., London: 1866.
  4. ^ Tyrannius Rufinus, Historia Ecclesiastica
  5. ^ Theodore Downling, Sketches of Georgian Church History, p. 52
  6. ^ Marjory and Oliver Wardrop, The Life of Saint Nino, volume 5, Clarendon Press Series
  7. ^ Nino is the most popular name for girls in Georgia
  8. ^ Sacred Monastery of Saint Nina

Notes

  • Georgian Orthodox Church

See also

The Sacred Monastery of Saint Nina is the home of a monastic community of Orthodox Christian nuns in the Patriarchate of Georgia. It is located in Union Bridge, Maryland, USA.[8]

Legacy

The Georgian name "Nino" is "Nune" or "Nuneh" in Armenian, thus St. Nino is known as St. Nune in Armenia. Her history as the only one of the 35 nuns of the company of Sts. Gayane and Hripsime to escape the slaughter at the hands of the pagan Armenian King Tiradates III in 301 is recounted in the book "The History of the Armenians" by Movses Khorenatzi (Moses of Khoren), which was written about the year 440.

[7]

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