World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Senieji Trakai

Article Id: WHEBN0007152476
Reproduction Date:

Title: Senieji Trakai  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vytautas, Trakai District Municipality, Trakai, Senieji Trakai Castle, Trakai Castle
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Senieji Trakai

Senieji Trakai
Village
The church and cloister built on the remains of the old castle
The church and cloister built on the remains of the old castle
Senieji Trakai is located in Lithuania
Senieji Trakai
Location of Senieji Trakai
Coordinates:
Country  Lithuania
County Vilnius County
Municipality Trakai district municipality
Eldership Senieji Trakai eldership
Capital of Senieji Trakai eldership
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,501
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Senieji Trakai (literally: Old Trakai, Polish: Stare Troki) is a historic Lithuanian village located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of Trakai. According to the census of 2001, it has 1501 inhabitants – Lithuanians, Poles and Russians.[1] The Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway passes through Senieji Trakai.

The central part of the village is proclaimed an architectural reserve. The main street is dominated by uniform wooden houses, facing it with two-windowed sides.

History

Sometime before 1321, Grand Duke Gediminas transferred the capital of Lithuania from Kernavė to Trakai (today's Senieji Trakai) and erected his brick castle. In 1337 it became a seat of the newly established Duchy of Trakai. Gediminas' son Kęstutis erected a new castle in New Trakai (today's Trakai). Kęstutis' son Vytautas was born in Old Trakai ca. 1350.

The castle in Senieji Trakai was destroyed by the Teutonic Order in 1391. The ruins of the castle were gifted to Benedictine monks by Vytautas in 1405. It is supposed that the present monastery building dating from the 15th century incorporates the remains of the Gediminas' castle.

The Trakai name, derived from Lithuanian: trakas - "the glade", suggests that the castle was built in a hollow area after deforestation.

References

  1. ^ Vilniaus apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai (PDF) (in Lietuvių). Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2003. p. 90.  
  • About Senieji Trakai Elderate
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.