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Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts

Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Abbreviation SANU / САНУ
Formation 1841
Type National academy
Purpose Science, arts, academics
Headquarters Knez Mihailova St. 35,
Belgrade, Serbia
Website Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts

The Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Serbian: Српска академија наука и уметности, САНУ / Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti, SANU) is a national academy and the most prominent academic institution in Serbia, founded in 1841.

The Academy's membership has included Josif Pančić, Jovan Cvijić, Stojan Novaković, Branislav Petronijević, Mihajlo Pupin, Nikola Tesla, Milutin Milanković, Mihailo Petrović-Alas, Bogdan Gavrilović, Ivo Andrić, Danilo Kiš and many other scientists, scholars and artists of Serbian and foreign origin.

History

Predecessors

Building of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts

The Serbian Royal Academy of Sciences (Српска краљевска академија/Srpska kraljevska akademija) was the successor to the Serbian Learned Society (Српско учено друштво/Srpsko učeno društvo) with which it merged in 1892 and accepted its members as its own either regular or honorary members, its tasks and its place in scientific and cultural life. The same had occurred several decades earlier when the Serbian Learned Society on 29 July 1864 took over the place and functions of the Society of Serbian Scholarship (Друштво српске словесности), the first learned society in the Principality of Serbia, founded on 7 November 1841. The Serbian Royal Academy of Sciences was led by members, such as Jovan Cvijić.

In 1864, the Society elected to its membership international revolutionary figures as Giuseppe Garibaldi, Nikolay Chernyshevsky and Alexander Herzen, and was immediately abolished for this action by the conservative government of Prince Michael Obrenović.

SASA
The SANU building, built in 1822

Founding of Serbian Royal Academy

The Academy, right side

Since the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts was founded by law (as the Serbian Royal Academy) of 1 November 1886, it has been the highest academic institution in Serbia. According to the Royal Academy Founding Act, King Milan was to appoint the first academic, who would then choose other members

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